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Cerebellitis
Luke L. Linscott, MD; Miral D. Jhaveri, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Synonyms

              • Acute cerebellitis
            • Definitions

              • Parainfectious, postinfectious, or postvaccination cerebellar inflammation

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Imaging Recommendations

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                          • Microscopic Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                    • Consider

                                      • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                        • Reporting Tips

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Emelifeonwu JA et al: Acute cerebellitis in children: a variable clinical entity. J Child Neurol. 33(10):675-84, 2018
                                          2. García-Iñiguez JP et al: Acute cerebellitis in paediatric patients: our experience. Neurologia. 4(5):291-99, 2017
                                          3. Lancella L et al: Acute cerebellitis in children: an eleven year retrospective multicentric study in Italy. Ital J Pediatr. 43(1):54, 2017
                                          4. Kornreich L et al: Acute cerebellitis in children: a many-faceted disease. J Child Neurol. 31(8):991-7, 2016
                                          5. Rossi A et al: Neuroimaging of infectious and inflammatory diseases of the pediatric cerebellum and brainstem. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 26(3):471-87, 2016
                                          6. Carceller Lechón F et al: Hemicerebellitis: report of three paediatric cases and review of the literature. Eur J Paediatr Neurol. 18(3):273-81, 2014
                                          7. Poretti A et al: Acute ataxia in children: approach to clinical presentation and role of additional investigations. Neuropediatrics. 44(3):127-41, 2013
                                          8. Desai J et al: Acute cerebellar ataxia, acute cerebellitis, and opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome. J Child Neurol. 27(11):1482-8, 2012
                                          9. Mascalchi M et al: Magnetic resonance and nuclear medicine imaging in ataxias. Handb Clin Neurol. 103():85-110, 2012
                                          10. Takanashi J et al: Clinical and radiological features of rotavirus cerebellitis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 31(9):1591-5, 2010
                                          11. De Bruecker Y et al: MRI findings in acute cerebellitis. Eur Radiol. 14(8):1478-83, 2004
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Pathology

                                                  • Clinical Issues

                                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                                    • Synonyms

                                                      • Acute cerebellitis
                                                    • Definitions

                                                      • Parainfectious, postinfectious, or postvaccination cerebellar inflammation

                                                    IMAGING

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • Imaging Recommendations

                                                        • CT Findings

                                                          • MR Findings

                                                            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                              PATHOLOGY

                                                              • General Features

                                                                • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                  • Microscopic Features

                                                                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                    • Presentation

                                                                      • Demographics

                                                                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                          • Treatment

                                                                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                            • Consider

                                                                              • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                • Reporting Tips

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Emelifeonwu JA et al: Acute cerebellitis in children: a variable clinical entity. J Child Neurol. 33(10):675-84, 2018
                                                                                  2. García-Iñiguez JP et al: Acute cerebellitis in paediatric patients: our experience. Neurologia. 4(5):291-99, 2017
                                                                                  3. Lancella L et al: Acute cerebellitis in children: an eleven year retrospective multicentric study in Italy. Ital J Pediatr. 43(1):54, 2017
                                                                                  4. Kornreich L et al: Acute cerebellitis in children: a many-faceted disease. J Child Neurol. 31(8):991-7, 2016
                                                                                  5. Rossi A et al: Neuroimaging of infectious and inflammatory diseases of the pediatric cerebellum and brainstem. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 26(3):471-87, 2016
                                                                                  6. Carceller Lechón F et al: Hemicerebellitis: report of three paediatric cases and review of the literature. Eur J Paediatr Neurol. 18(3):273-81, 2014
                                                                                  7. Poretti A et al: Acute ataxia in children: approach to clinical presentation and role of additional investigations. Neuropediatrics. 44(3):127-41, 2013
                                                                                  8. Desai J et al: Acute cerebellar ataxia, acute cerebellitis, and opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome. J Child Neurol. 27(11):1482-8, 2012
                                                                                  9. Mascalchi M et al: Magnetic resonance and nuclear medicine imaging in ataxias. Handb Clin Neurol. 103():85-110, 2012
                                                                                  10. Takanashi J et al: Clinical and radiological features of rotavirus cerebellitis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 31(9):1591-5, 2010
                                                                                  11. De Bruecker Y et al: MRI findings in acute cerebellitis. Eur Radiol. 14(8):1478-83, 2004