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Cerebral Abscess and Encephalitis
Akiva Mintz, MD, PhD, MHA, CFA; Paige Bennett, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    • Top Differential Diagnoses

      IMAGING

      • Nuclear Medicine Findings

        • Imaging Recommendations

          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

            • Image Interpretation Pearls

              Selected References

              1. Brouwer MC et al: Epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of brain abscesses. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 30(1):129-134, 2017
              2. Floeth FW et al: 18F-FET PET differentiation of ring-enhancing brain lesions. J Nucl Med. 47(5):776-782, 2006
              3. Fauser S et al: FDG-PET and MRI in potassium channel antibody-associated non-paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis: correlation with clinical course and neuropsychology. Acta Neurol Scand. 111(5):338-43, 2005
              4. Küker W et al: Diffusion-weighted MRI in herpes simplex encephalitis: a report of three cases. Neuroradiology. 46(2):122-5, 2004
              5. Lee BY et al: FDG-PET findings in patients with suspected encephalitis. Clin Nucl Med. 29(10):620-5, 2004
              6. Scheid R et al: Serial 18F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis. Arch Neurol. 61(11):1785-9, 2004
              7. Chiapparini L et al: Diagnostic imaging in 13 cases of Rasmussen's encephalitis: can early MRI suggest the diagnosis? Neuroradiology. 45(3):171-83, 2003
              8. Engler H et al: Multitracer study with positron emission tomography in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 30(1):85-95, 2003
              9. Fiorella DJ et al: (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography and MR imaging findings in Rasmussen encephalitis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 22(7):1291-9, 2001
              10. Kassubek J et al: Limbic encephalitis investigated by 18FDG-PET and 3D MRI. J Neuroimaging. 11(1):55-9, 2001
              11. Leonard JR et al: MR imaging of herpes simplex type 1 encephalitis in infants and young children: a separate pattern of findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 174(6):1651-5, 2000
              12. Weiner SM et al: Alterations of cerebral glucose metabolism indicate progress to severe morphological brain lesions in neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus. Lupus. 9(5):386-9, 2000
              13. Hoffman JM et al: FDG-PET in differentiating lymphoma from nonmalignant central nervous system lesions in patients with AIDS. J Nucl Med. 34(4):567-75, 1993
              14. Hanson MW et al: FDG-PET in the selection of brain lesions for biopsy. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 15(5):796-801, 1991
              Related Anatomy
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              Related Differential Diagnoses
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              References
              Tables

              Tables

              KEY FACTS

              • Imaging

                • Top Differential Diagnoses

                  IMAGING

                  • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                          Selected References

                          1. Brouwer MC et al: Epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of brain abscesses. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 30(1):129-134, 2017
                          2. Floeth FW et al: 18F-FET PET differentiation of ring-enhancing brain lesions. J Nucl Med. 47(5):776-782, 2006
                          3. Fauser S et al: FDG-PET and MRI in potassium channel antibody-associated non-paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis: correlation with clinical course and neuropsychology. Acta Neurol Scand. 111(5):338-43, 2005
                          4. Küker W et al: Diffusion-weighted MRI in herpes simplex encephalitis: a report of three cases. Neuroradiology. 46(2):122-5, 2004
                          5. Lee BY et al: FDG-PET findings in patients with suspected encephalitis. Clin Nucl Med. 29(10):620-5, 2004
                          6. Scheid R et al: Serial 18F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis. Arch Neurol. 61(11):1785-9, 2004
                          7. Chiapparini L et al: Diagnostic imaging in 13 cases of Rasmussen's encephalitis: can early MRI suggest the diagnosis? Neuroradiology. 45(3):171-83, 2003
                          8. Engler H et al: Multitracer study with positron emission tomography in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 30(1):85-95, 2003
                          9. Fiorella DJ et al: (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography and MR imaging findings in Rasmussen encephalitis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 22(7):1291-9, 2001
                          10. Kassubek J et al: Limbic encephalitis investigated by 18FDG-PET and 3D MRI. J Neuroimaging. 11(1):55-9, 2001
                          11. Leonard JR et al: MR imaging of herpes simplex type 1 encephalitis in infants and young children: a separate pattern of findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 174(6):1651-5, 2000
                          12. Weiner SM et al: Alterations of cerebral glucose metabolism indicate progress to severe morphological brain lesions in neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus. Lupus. 9(5):386-9, 2000
                          13. Hoffman JM et al: FDG-PET in differentiating lymphoma from nonmalignant central nervous system lesions in patients with AIDS. J Nucl Med. 34(4):567-75, 1993
                          14. Hanson MW et al: FDG-PET in the selection of brain lesions for biopsy. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 15(5):796-801, 1991