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Cerebral Contusion
Luke L. Linscott, MD; Anne G. Osborn, MD, FACR
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Definitions

                • Brain surface injuries involving gray matter and contiguous subcortical white matter

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                              • Microscopic Features

                                • Cellular Features

                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                  • Presentation

                                    • Demographics

                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                        • Treatment

                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                          • Consider

                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                              Selected References

                                              1. Ferrazzano PA et al: Use of magnetic resonance imaging in severe pediatric traumatic brain injury: assessment of current practice. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 8:1-9, 2019
                                              2. Frey C et al: Essentials of head trauma imaging. Semin ultrasound CT MR. 39(5):469-40, 2018
                                              3. Hilmer LV et al: Cerebral contusion: an investigation of etiology, risk factors, related diagnoses, and the surgical management at a major government hospital in Cambodia. Asian J Neurosurg. 13(1):23-30, 2018
                                              4. van Eijck MM et al: Diffuse axonal injury after traumatic brain injury is a prognostic factor for functional outcome: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Brain Inj. 32(4):395-402, 2018
                                              5. Haghbayan H et al: The prognostic value of MRI in moderate and severe traumatic brain injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Crit Care Med. 45(12):e1280-8, 2017
                                              6. Mutch CA et al: Imaging evaluation of acute traumatic brain injury. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 27(4):409-39, 2016
                                              7. Aquino C et al: Magnetic resonance imaging of traumatic brain injury: a pictorial review. Emerg Radiol. 22(1):65-78, 2015
                                              8. DeQuesada IM 2nd et al: Neuroimaging of acute traumatic brain injury: emphasis on magnetic resonance imaging and prognostic factors. Semin Roentgenol. 49(1):64-75, 2014
                                              9. Iaccarino C et al: Patients with brain contusions: predictors of outcome and relationship between radiological and clinical evolution. J Neurosurg. 120(4):908-18, 2014
                                              10. Prieto-Valderrey F et al: Utility of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging in severe focal traumatic brain injuries. Med Intensiva. 37(6):375-82, 2013
                                              Related Anatomy
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                                              Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                              References
                                              Tables

                                              Tables

                                              KEY FACTS

                                              • Terminology

                                                • Imaging

                                                  • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                    • Pathology

                                                      • Clinical Issues

                                                        • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                          TERMINOLOGY

                                                          • Definitions

                                                            • Brain surface injuries involving gray matter and contiguous subcortical white matter

                                                          IMAGING

                                                          • General Features

                                                            • CT Findings

                                                              • MR Findings

                                                                • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                                  • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                      PATHOLOGY

                                                                      • General Features

                                                                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                          • Microscopic Features

                                                                            • Cellular Features

                                                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                              • Presentation

                                                                                • Demographics

                                                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                    • Treatment

                                                                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                      • Consider

                                                                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                          Selected References

                                                                                          1. Ferrazzano PA et al: Use of magnetic resonance imaging in severe pediatric traumatic brain injury: assessment of current practice. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 8:1-9, 2019
                                                                                          2. Frey C et al: Essentials of head trauma imaging. Semin ultrasound CT MR. 39(5):469-40, 2018
                                                                                          3. Hilmer LV et al: Cerebral contusion: an investigation of etiology, risk factors, related diagnoses, and the surgical management at a major government hospital in Cambodia. Asian J Neurosurg. 13(1):23-30, 2018
                                                                                          4. van Eijck MM et al: Diffuse axonal injury after traumatic brain injury is a prognostic factor for functional outcome: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Brain Inj. 32(4):395-402, 2018
                                                                                          5. Haghbayan H et al: The prognostic value of MRI in moderate and severe traumatic brain injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Crit Care Med. 45(12):e1280-8, 2017
                                                                                          6. Mutch CA et al: Imaging evaluation of acute traumatic brain injury. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 27(4):409-39, 2016
                                                                                          7. Aquino C et al: Magnetic resonance imaging of traumatic brain injury: a pictorial review. Emerg Radiol. 22(1):65-78, 2015
                                                                                          8. DeQuesada IM 2nd et al: Neuroimaging of acute traumatic brain injury: emphasis on magnetic resonance imaging and prognostic factors. Semin Roentgenol. 49(1):64-75, 2014
                                                                                          9. Iaccarino C et al: Patients with brain contusions: predictors of outcome and relationship between radiological and clinical evolution. J Neurosurg. 120(4):908-18, 2014
                                                                                          10. Prieto-Valderrey F et al: Utility of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging in severe focal traumatic brain injuries. Med Intensiva. 37(6):375-82, 2013