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Cervical Bony Fusion
Julia R. Crim, MD; Kevin R. Moore, MD
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DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

    ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

    • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

      • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

        Selected References

        1. Thierry S et al: Prevalence and incidence of juvenile idiopathic arthritis: a systematic review. Joint Bone Spine. 81(2):112-7, 2014
        2. Colbert RA: Classification of juvenile spondyloarthritis: enthesitis-related arthritis and beyond. Nat Rev Rheumatol. 6(8):477-85, 2010
        3. Kawakami N et al: Classification of congenital scoliosis and kyphosis: a new approach to the three-dimensional classification for progressive vertebral anomalies requiring operative treatment. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 34(17):1756-65, 2009
        Related Anatomy
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        Related Differential Diagnoses
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        References
        Tables

        Tables

        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

          ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

          • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

            • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

              Selected References

              1. Thierry S et al: Prevalence and incidence of juvenile idiopathic arthritis: a systematic review. Joint Bone Spine. 81(2):112-7, 2014
              2. Colbert RA: Classification of juvenile spondyloarthritis: enthesitis-related arthritis and beyond. Nat Rev Rheumatol. 6(8):477-85, 2010
              3. Kawakami N et al: Classification of congenital scoliosis and kyphosis: a new approach to the three-dimensional classification for progressive vertebral anomalies requiring operative treatment. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 34(17):1756-65, 2009