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Cervical Burst Fracture
Jeffrey S. Ross, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Definitions

              • Comminuted fracture of cervical vertebral body
              • Vertical compression fracture

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Radiographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Angiographic Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Treatment

                                  Selected References

                                  1. Munera F et al: Imaging Evaluation of Adult Spinal Injuries: Emphasis on Multidetector CT in Cervical Spine Trauma. Radiology. 263(3):645-60, 2012
                                  2. Nakashima H et al: Mechanical patterns of cervical injury influence postoperative neurological outcome: a verification of the allen system. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 36(6):E441-6, 2011
                                  3. Dvorak MF et al: The surgical approach to subaxial cervical spine injuries: an evidence-based algorithm based on the SLIC classification system. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 32(23):2620-9, 2007
                                  4. Fisher CG et al: Comparison of outcomes for unstable lower cervical flexion teardrop fractures managed with halo thoracic vest versus anterior corpectomy and plating. Spine. 27(2):160-6, 2002
                                  5. Kiwerski JE: Early anterior decompression and fusion for crush fractures of cervical vertebrae. Int Orthop. 17(3):166-8, 1993
                                  6. Schweighofer F et al: Complications after an unusual procedure in the treatment of a cervical spine burst fracture. A case report. Langenbecks Arch Chir. 377(4):235-6, 1992
                                  7. Ripa DR et al: Series of ninety-two traumatic cervical spine injuries stabilized with anterior ASIF plate fusion technique. Spine. 16(3 Suppl):S46-55, 1991
                                  8. Cabanela ME et al: Anterior plate stabilization for bursting teardrop fractures of the cervical spine. Spine. 13(8):888-91, 1988
                                  9. Mazur JM et al: Unrecognized spinal instability associated with seemingly "simple" cervical compression fractures. Spine. 8(7):687-92, 1983
                                  10. Johnson JL et al: Nonoperative treatment of the acute tear-drop fracture of the cervical spine. Clin Orthop. (168):108-12, 1982
                                  Related Anatomy
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                                  Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                  References
                                  Tables

                                  Tables

                                  KEY FACTS

                                  • Terminology

                                    • Imaging

                                      • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                        • Pathology

                                          • Clinical Issues

                                            TERMINOLOGY

                                            • Definitions

                                              • Comminuted fracture of cervical vertebral body
                                              • Vertical compression fracture

                                            IMAGING

                                            • General Features

                                              • Radiographic Findings

                                                • CT Findings

                                                  • MR Findings

                                                    • Angiographic Findings

                                                      • Imaging Recommendations

                                                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                          PATHOLOGY

                                                          • General Features

                                                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                              • Presentation

                                                                • Treatment

                                                                  Selected References

                                                                  1. Munera F et al: Imaging Evaluation of Adult Spinal Injuries: Emphasis on Multidetector CT in Cervical Spine Trauma. Radiology. 263(3):645-60, 2012
                                                                  2. Nakashima H et al: Mechanical patterns of cervical injury influence postoperative neurological outcome: a verification of the allen system. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 36(6):E441-6, 2011
                                                                  3. Dvorak MF et al: The surgical approach to subaxial cervical spine injuries: an evidence-based algorithm based on the SLIC classification system. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 32(23):2620-9, 2007
                                                                  4. Fisher CG et al: Comparison of outcomes for unstable lower cervical flexion teardrop fractures managed with halo thoracic vest versus anterior corpectomy and plating. Spine. 27(2):160-6, 2002
                                                                  5. Kiwerski JE: Early anterior decompression and fusion for crush fractures of cervical vertebrae. Int Orthop. 17(3):166-8, 1993
                                                                  6. Schweighofer F et al: Complications after an unusual procedure in the treatment of a cervical spine burst fracture. A case report. Langenbecks Arch Chir. 377(4):235-6, 1992
                                                                  7. Ripa DR et al: Series of ninety-two traumatic cervical spine injuries stabilized with anterior ASIF plate fusion technique. Spine. 16(3 Suppl):S46-55, 1991
                                                                  8. Cabanela ME et al: Anterior plate stabilization for bursting teardrop fractures of the cervical spine. Spine. 13(8):888-91, 1988
                                                                  9. Mazur JM et al: Unrecognized spinal instability associated with seemingly "simple" cervical compression fractures. Spine. 8(7):687-92, 1983
                                                                  10. Johnson JL et al: Nonoperative treatment of the acute tear-drop fracture of the cervical spine. Clin Orthop. (168):108-12, 1982