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Cervical Leiomyoma
Christine O. Menias, MD; Sandra J. Allison, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Pathology

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Synonyms

            • Cervical fibroma, myoma
          • Definitions

            • Benign smooth muscle tumor of cervix

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Radiographic Findings

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                    • Angiographic Findings

                      • Other Modality Findings

                        • Imaging Recommendations

                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                            PATHOLOGY

                            • General Features

                              • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                  • Microscopic Features

                                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                                    • Presentation

                                      • Demographics

                                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                                          • Treatment

                                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                            • Consider

                                              • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                Selected References

                                                1. Koesters C et al: Uterine artery embolization in single symptomatic leiomyoma: do anatomical imaging criteria predict clinical presentation and long-term outcome? Acta Radiol. 55(4):441-9, 2014
                                                2. Deshmukh SP et al: Role of MR imaging of uterine leiomyomas before and after embolization. Radiographics. 32(6):E251-81, 2012
                                                3. Kim MD et al: Limited efficacy of uterine artery embolization for cervical leiomyomas. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 23(2):236-40, 2012
                                                4. Allison SJ et al: saline-infused sonohysterography: tips for achieving greater success. Radiographics. 31(7):1991-2004, 2011
                                                5. Hori M et al: Uterine tumors: comparison of 3D versus 2D T2-weighted turbo spin-echo MR imaging at 3.0 T--initial experience. Radiology. 258(1):154-63, 2011
                                                6. Pérez Colon L et al: Profuse vaginal bleeding in an adolescent with a cervical myoma: a case report. Bol Asoc Med P R. 103(2):65-6, 2011
                                                7. Straub HL et al: Cervical and prolapsed submucosal leiomyomas complicating pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 65(9):583-90, 2010
                                                8. Liapi E et al: Assessment of response of uterine fibroids and myometrium to embolization using diffusion-weighted echoplanar MR imaging. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 29(1):83-6, 2005
                                                9. Suneja A et al: Incarcerated procidentia due to cervical fibroid: an unusual presentation. Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 43(3):252-3, 2003
                                                10. Varras M et al: Clinical considerations and sonographic findings of a large nonpedunculated primary cervical leiomyoma complicated by heavy vaginal haemorrhage: a case report and review of the literature. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol. 30(2-3):144-6, 2003
                                                Related Anatomy
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                                                Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                                References
                                                Tables

                                                Tables

                                                KEY FACTS

                                                • Terminology

                                                  • Imaging

                                                    • Pathology

                                                      • Clinical Issues

                                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                                        • Synonyms

                                                          • Cervical fibroma, myoma
                                                        • Definitions

                                                          • Benign smooth muscle tumor of cervix

                                                        IMAGING

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Radiographic Findings

                                                            • CT Findings

                                                              • MR Findings

                                                                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                                  • Angiographic Findings

                                                                    • Other Modality Findings

                                                                      • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                          PATHOLOGY

                                                                          • General Features

                                                                            • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                                • Microscopic Features

                                                                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                                  • Presentation

                                                                                    • Demographics

                                                                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                        • Treatment

                                                                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                          • Consider

                                                                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                              Selected References

                                                                                              1. Koesters C et al: Uterine artery embolization in single symptomatic leiomyoma: do anatomical imaging criteria predict clinical presentation and long-term outcome? Acta Radiol. 55(4):441-9, 2014
                                                                                              2. Deshmukh SP et al: Role of MR imaging of uterine leiomyomas before and after embolization. Radiographics. 32(6):E251-81, 2012
                                                                                              3. Kim MD et al: Limited efficacy of uterine artery embolization for cervical leiomyomas. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 23(2):236-40, 2012
                                                                                              4. Allison SJ et al: saline-infused sonohysterography: tips for achieving greater success. Radiographics. 31(7):1991-2004, 2011
                                                                                              5. Hori M et al: Uterine tumors: comparison of 3D versus 2D T2-weighted turbo spin-echo MR imaging at 3.0 T--initial experience. Radiology. 258(1):154-63, 2011
                                                                                              6. Pérez Colon L et al: Profuse vaginal bleeding in an adolescent with a cervical myoma: a case report. Bol Asoc Med P R. 103(2):65-6, 2011
                                                                                              7. Straub HL et al: Cervical and prolapsed submucosal leiomyomas complicating pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 65(9):583-90, 2010
                                                                                              8. Liapi E et al: Assessment of response of uterine fibroids and myometrium to embolization using diffusion-weighted echoplanar MR imaging. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 29(1):83-6, 2005
                                                                                              9. Suneja A et al: Incarcerated procidentia due to cervical fibroid: an unusual presentation. Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 43(3):252-3, 2003
                                                                                              10. Varras M et al: Clinical considerations and sonographic findings of a large nonpedunculated primary cervical leiomyoma complicated by heavy vaginal haemorrhage: a case report and review of the literature. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol. 30(2-3):144-6, 2003