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CEUS Thyroid: Thyroid Nodules
Vito Cantisani, MD, PhD; Maija Radzina, MD, PhD; Madara Rauda, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • US Findings

    • CEUS Findings

      TERMINOLOGY

      • Synonyms

        • Malignant thyroid lesions, malignant thyroid neoplasms
      • Definitions

        • Thyroid nodule: Discrete lesion within thyroid gland that is radiologically distinct from surrounding thyroid parenchyma

      CLINICAL Implications

      • General Discussion

        • Presentation

          IMAGING

          • Scanning Technique

            • CEUS Parameters Used to Classify Thyroid Nodules

              • US Findings

                • CEUS Findings

                  Selected References

                  1. Dighe M et al: Thyroid ultrasound: state of the art. part 2 - focal thyroid lesions. Med Ultrason. 19(2):195-210, 2017
                  2. Cantisani V et al: Diagnostic accuracy and interobserver agreement of quasistatic ultrasound elastography in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules. Ultraschall Med. 36(2):162-7, 2015
                  3. Ma JJ et al: Diagnostic performances of various gray-scale, color Doppler, and contrast-enhanced ultrasonography findings in predicting malignant thyroid nodules. Thyroid. 24(2):355-63, 2014
                  4. Cantisani V et al: Prospective comparative evaluation of quantitative-elastosonography (Q-elastography) and contrast-enhanced ultrasound for the evaluation of thyroid nodules: preliminary experience. Eur J Radiol. 82(11):1892-8, 2013
                  5. Giusti M et al: Is there a real diagnostic impact of elastosonography and contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in the management of thyroid nodules? J Zhejiang Univ Sci B. 14(3):195-206, 2013
                  6. Nemec U et al: Quantitative evaluation of contrast-enhanced ultrasound after intravenous administration of a microbubble contrast agent for differentiation of benign and malignant thyroid nodules: assessment of diagnostic accuracy. Eur Radiol. 22(6):1357-65, 2012
                  7. Friedrich-Rust M et al: Real-time elastography and contrast-enhanced ultrasound for the assessment of thyroid nodules. Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes. 118(9):602-9, 2010
                  8. Zhang B et al: Utility of contrast-enhanced ultrasound for evaluation of thyroid nodules. Thyroid. 20(1):51-7, 2010
                  9. Argalia G et al: Ultrasonographic contrast agent: evaluation of time-intensity curves in the characterisation of solitary thyroid nodules. Radiol Med. 103(4):407-13, 2002
                  Related Anatomy
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                  Related Differential Diagnoses
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                  References
                  Tables

                  Tables

                  KEY FACTS

                  • US Findings

                    • CEUS Findings

                      TERMINOLOGY

                      • Synonyms

                        • Malignant thyroid lesions, malignant thyroid neoplasms
                      • Definitions

                        • Thyroid nodule: Discrete lesion within thyroid gland that is radiologically distinct from surrounding thyroid parenchyma

                      CLINICAL Implications

                      • General Discussion

                        • Presentation

                          IMAGING

                          • Scanning Technique

                            • CEUS Parameters Used to Classify Thyroid Nodules

                              • US Findings

                                • CEUS Findings

                                  Selected References

                                  1. Dighe M et al: Thyroid ultrasound: state of the art. part 2 - focal thyroid lesions. Med Ultrason. 19(2):195-210, 2017
                                  2. Cantisani V et al: Diagnostic accuracy and interobserver agreement of quasistatic ultrasound elastography in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules. Ultraschall Med. 36(2):162-7, 2015
                                  3. Ma JJ et al: Diagnostic performances of various gray-scale, color Doppler, and contrast-enhanced ultrasonography findings in predicting malignant thyroid nodules. Thyroid. 24(2):355-63, 2014
                                  4. Cantisani V et al: Prospective comparative evaluation of quantitative-elastosonography (Q-elastography) and contrast-enhanced ultrasound for the evaluation of thyroid nodules: preliminary experience. Eur J Radiol. 82(11):1892-8, 2013
                                  5. Giusti M et al: Is there a real diagnostic impact of elastosonography and contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in the management of thyroid nodules? J Zhejiang Univ Sci B. 14(3):195-206, 2013
                                  6. Nemec U et al: Quantitative evaluation of contrast-enhanced ultrasound after intravenous administration of a microbubble contrast agent for differentiation of benign and malignant thyroid nodules: assessment of diagnostic accuracy. Eur Radiol. 22(6):1357-65, 2012
                                  7. Friedrich-Rust M et al: Real-time elastography and contrast-enhanced ultrasound for the assessment of thyroid nodules. Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes. 118(9):602-9, 2010
                                  8. Zhang B et al: Utility of contrast-enhanced ultrasound for evaluation of thyroid nodules. Thyroid. 20(1):51-7, 2010
                                  9. Argalia G et al: Ultrasonographic contrast agent: evaluation of time-intensity curves in the characterisation of solitary thyroid nodules. Radiol Med. 103(4):407-13, 2002