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Chiari 3 Malformation
Roya Sohaey, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Definitions

              • Hindbrain herniation (Chiari 2) with occipital or high cervical encephalocele
              • Spinal dysraphism: Spectrum of anomalies affecting dorsal neural arch and spinal contents

            IMAGING

            • Ultrasonographic Findings

              • MR Findings

                • Imaging Recommendations

                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                    • Presentation

                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                        • Treatment

                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                          • Consider

                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                              Selected References

                              1. Jeong DH et al: Arnold-Chiari malformation type III with meningoencephalocele: a case report. Ann Rehabil Med. 38(3):401-4, 2014
                              2. Rani H et al: Chiari III Malformation: a rare case with review of literature. Fetal Pediatr Pathol. 32(3):169-74, 2013
                              3. Ambekar S et al: Large occipito-cervical encephalocele with Chiari III malformation. J Pediatr Neurosci. 6(2):116-7, 2011
                              4. Işik N et al: Chiari malformation type III and results of surgery: a clinical study: report of eight surgically treated cases and review of the literature. Pediatr Neurosurg. 45(1):19-28, 2009
                              5. Taricco MA et al: Retrospective study of patients with Chiari: malformation submitted to surgical treatment. Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 66(2A):184-8, 2008
                              6. Smith AB et al: Diagnosis of Chiari III malformation by second trimester fetal MRI with postnatal MRI and CT correlation. Pediatr Radiol. 37(10):1035-8, 2007
                              7. Lee R et al: Chiari III malformation: antenatal MRI diagnosis. Clin Radiol. 57(8):759-61, 2002
                              8. Häberle J et al: Cervical encephalocele in a newborn--Chiari III malformation. Case report and review of the literature. Childs Nerv Syst. 17(6):373-5, 2001
                              Related Anatomy
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                              Related Differential Diagnoses
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                              References
                              Tables

                              Tables

                              KEY FACTS

                              • Terminology

                                • Imaging

                                  • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                    • Clinical Issues

                                      • Diagnostic Checklist

                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                        • Definitions

                                          • Hindbrain herniation (Chiari 2) with occipital or high cervical encephalocele
                                          • Spinal dysraphism: Spectrum of anomalies affecting dorsal neural arch and spinal contents

                                        IMAGING

                                        • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                          • MR Findings

                                            • Imaging Recommendations

                                              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                • Presentation

                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                    • Treatment

                                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                      • Consider

                                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                          Selected References

                                                          1. Jeong DH et al: Arnold-Chiari malformation type III with meningoencephalocele: a case report. Ann Rehabil Med. 38(3):401-4, 2014
                                                          2. Rani H et al: Chiari III Malformation: a rare case with review of literature. Fetal Pediatr Pathol. 32(3):169-74, 2013
                                                          3. Ambekar S et al: Large occipito-cervical encephalocele with Chiari III malformation. J Pediatr Neurosci. 6(2):116-7, 2011
                                                          4. Işik N et al: Chiari malformation type III and results of surgery: a clinical study: report of eight surgically treated cases and review of the literature. Pediatr Neurosurg. 45(1):19-28, 2009
                                                          5. Taricco MA et al: Retrospective study of patients with Chiari: malformation submitted to surgical treatment. Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 66(2A):184-8, 2008
                                                          6. Smith AB et al: Diagnosis of Chiari III malformation by second trimester fetal MRI with postnatal MRI and CT correlation. Pediatr Radiol. 37(10):1035-8, 2007
                                                          7. Lee R et al: Chiari III malformation: antenatal MRI diagnosis. Clin Radiol. 57(8):759-61, 2002
                                                          8. Häberle J et al: Cervical encephalocele in a newborn--Chiari III malformation. Case report and review of the literature. Childs Nerv Syst. 17(6):373-5, 2001