link
Bookmarks
Childhood Interstitial Lung Disease (chILD)
Carlos S. Restrepo, MD
To access 4,300 diagnoses written by the world's leading experts in radiology, please log in or subscribe.Log inSubscribe
0
0
3
0

KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Abbreviations

              • Childhood interstitial lung disease (chILD)
            • Definitions

              • Various lung disorders including growth, developmental, and immunological problems that compromise gas exchange
                • Infant (< 2 years) + diffuse lung disease (DLD) + at least 3 of 4 criteria
                  • Respiratory symptoms (e.g., cough)
                  • Respiratory signs (e.g., retractions, digital clubbing)
                  • Hypoxemia
                  • Diffuse abnormalities on chest radiography &/or CT
                • Requires exclusion of other common causes of DLD
                  • e.g., cystic fibrosis, immunodeficiency syndromes, congenital heart disease, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, pulmonary infection, primary ciliary dyskinesia, and recurrent aspiration

            IMAGING

            • Radiographic Findings

              • CT Findings

                • Imaging Recommendations

                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                    PATHOLOGY

                    • General Features

                      • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                        • Presentation

                          • Demographics

                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                              • Treatment

                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                • Consider

                                  Selected References

                                  1. Vece TJ et al: Update on diffuse lung disease in children. Chest. 149(3):836-45, 2016
                                  2. Hime NJ et al: Childhood interstitial lung disease: a systematic review. Pediatr Pulmonol. 50(12):1383-92, 2015
                                  3. Kurland G et al: An official American Thoracic Society clinical practice guideline: classification, evaluation, and management of childhood interstitial lung disease in infancy. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 188(3):376-94, 2013
                                  4. Lee EY: Interstitial lung disease in infants: new classification system, imaging technique, clinical presentation and imaging findings. Pediatr Radiol. 43(1):3-13; quiz p.128-9, 2013
                                  5. Guillerman RP et al: Contemporary perspectives on pediatric diffuse lung disease. Radiol Clin North Am. 49(5):847-68, 2011
                                  Related Anatomy
                                  Loading...
                                  Related Differential Diagnoses
                                  Loading...
                                  References
                                  Tables

                                  Tables

                                  KEY FACTS

                                  • Terminology

                                    • Imaging

                                      • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                        • Clinical Issues

                                          • Diagnostic Checklist

                                            TERMINOLOGY

                                            • Abbreviations

                                              • Childhood interstitial lung disease (chILD)
                                            • Definitions

                                              • Various lung disorders including growth, developmental, and immunological problems that compromise gas exchange
                                                • Infant (< 2 years) + diffuse lung disease (DLD) + at least 3 of 4 criteria
                                                  • Respiratory symptoms (e.g., cough)
                                                  • Respiratory signs (e.g., retractions, digital clubbing)
                                                  • Hypoxemia
                                                  • Diffuse abnormalities on chest radiography &/or CT
                                                • Requires exclusion of other common causes of DLD
                                                  • e.g., cystic fibrosis, immunodeficiency syndromes, congenital heart disease, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, pulmonary infection, primary ciliary dyskinesia, and recurrent aspiration

                                            IMAGING

                                            • Radiographic Findings

                                              • CT Findings

                                                • Imaging Recommendations

                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                        • Presentation

                                                          • Demographics

                                                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                              • Treatment

                                                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                • Consider

                                                                  Selected References

                                                                  1. Vece TJ et al: Update on diffuse lung disease in children. Chest. 149(3):836-45, 2016
                                                                  2. Hime NJ et al: Childhood interstitial lung disease: a systematic review. Pediatr Pulmonol. 50(12):1383-92, 2015
                                                                  3. Kurland G et al: An official American Thoracic Society clinical practice guideline: classification, evaluation, and management of childhood interstitial lung disease in infancy. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 188(3):376-94, 2013
                                                                  4. Lee EY: Interstitial lung disease in infants: new classification system, imaging technique, clinical presentation and imaging findings. Pediatr Radiol. 43(1):3-13; quiz p.128-9, 2013
                                                                  5. Guillerman RP et al: Contemporary perspectives on pediatric diffuse lung disease. Radiol Clin North Am. 49(5):847-68, 2011