link
Bookmarks
Chronic Cerebral Infarction
Sheri L. Harder, MD, FRCPC; Anne G. Osborn, MD, FACR
To access 4,300 diagnoses written by the world's leading experts in radiology, please log in or subscribe.Log inSubscribe
0
7
0
1

KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    • Top Differential Diagnoses

      • Pathology

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Abbreviations

              • Cerebral infarction (CI)
            • Synonyms

              • Old ischemic stroke
              • Postinfarction encephalomalacia
            • Definitions

              • End result of prolonged cerebral ischemia

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Angiographic Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                            • Microscopic Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                          • Reporting Tips

                                            Selected References

                                            1. Sikiö M et al: MRI Texture Analysis and Diffusion Tensor Imaging in Chronic Right Hemisphere Ischemic Stroke. J Neuroimaging. ePub, 2014
                                            2. Allen LM et al: Sequence-specific MR imaging findings that are useful in dating ischemic stroke. Radiographics. 32(5):1285-97; discussion 1297-9, 2012
                                            3. Bagher-Ebadian H et al: Predicting final extent of ischemic infarction using artificial neural network analysis of multi-parametric MRI in patients with stroke. PLoS One. 6(8):e22626, 2011
                                            4. Danaei G et al: The preventable causes of death in the United States: comparative risk assessment of dietary, lifestyle, and metabolic risk factors. PLoS Med. 6(4):e1000058, 2009
                                            5. Donnan GA et al: Penumbral selection of patients for trials of acute stroke therapy. Lancet Neurol. 8(3):261-9, 2009
                                            6. Elkind MS: Outcomes after stroke: risk of recurrent ischemic stroke and other events. Am J Med. 122(4 Suppl 2):S7-13, 2009
                                            7. Lloyd-Jones D et al: Heart disease and stroke statistics--2009 update: a report from the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Circulation. 2009 Jan 27;119(3):480-6. Erratum in: Circulation. 119(3):e182, 2009
                                            8. Roberts CS et al: Additional stroke-related and non-stroke-related cardiovascular costs and hospitalizations in managed-care patients after ischemic stroke. Stroke. 40(4):1425-32, 2009
                                            9. Donnan GA et al: Stroke. Lancet. 371(9624):1612-23, 2008
                                            10. Mark VW et al: Poststroke cerebral peduncular atrophy correlates with a measure of corticospinal tract injury in the cerebral hemisphere. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 29(2):354-8, 2008
                                            11. Muñoz Maniega S et al: Changes in NAA and lactate following ischemic stroke: a serial MR spectroscopic imaging study. Neurology. 71(24):1993-9, 2008
                                            12. Glodzik-Sobanska L et al: Prefrontal N-acetylaspartate and poststroke recovery: a longitudinal proton spectroscopy study. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 28(3):470-4, 2007
                                            13. De Simone T et al: Wallerian degeneration of the pontocerebellar fibers. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 26(5):1062-5, 2005
                                            14. Saito K et al: Mechanisms of bihemispheric brain infarctions in the anterior circulation on diffusion-weighted images. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 26(4):809-14, 2005
                                            15. Hankey GJ: Long-term outcome after ischaemic stroke/transient ischaemic attack. Cerebrovasc Dis. 16 Suppl 1:14-9,16, 2003
                                            16. Hardie K et al: Ten-year survival after first-ever stroke in the perth community stroke study. Stroke. 34(8):1842-6, 2003
                                            Related Anatomy
                                            Loading...
                                            Related Differential Diagnoses
                                            Loading...
                                            References
                                            Tables

                                            Tables

                                            KEY FACTS

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Pathology

                                                  • Clinical Issues

                                                    • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                      TERMINOLOGY

                                                      • Abbreviations

                                                        • Cerebral infarction (CI)
                                                      • Synonyms

                                                        • Old ischemic stroke
                                                        • Postinfarction encephalomalacia
                                                      • Definitions

                                                        • End result of prolonged cerebral ischemia

                                                      IMAGING

                                                      • General Features

                                                        • CT Findings

                                                          • MR Findings

                                                            • Angiographic Findings

                                                              • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                                  • General Features

                                                                    • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                      • Microscopic Features

                                                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                        • Presentation

                                                                          • Demographics

                                                                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                              • Treatment

                                                                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                • Consider

                                                                                  • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                    • Reporting Tips

                                                                                      Selected References

                                                                                      1. Sikiö M et al: MRI Texture Analysis and Diffusion Tensor Imaging in Chronic Right Hemisphere Ischemic Stroke. J Neuroimaging. ePub, 2014
                                                                                      2. Allen LM et al: Sequence-specific MR imaging findings that are useful in dating ischemic stroke. Radiographics. 32(5):1285-97; discussion 1297-9, 2012
                                                                                      3. Bagher-Ebadian H et al: Predicting final extent of ischemic infarction using artificial neural network analysis of multi-parametric MRI in patients with stroke. PLoS One. 6(8):e22626, 2011
                                                                                      4. Danaei G et al: The preventable causes of death in the United States: comparative risk assessment of dietary, lifestyle, and metabolic risk factors. PLoS Med. 6(4):e1000058, 2009
                                                                                      5. Donnan GA et al: Penumbral selection of patients for trials of acute stroke therapy. Lancet Neurol. 8(3):261-9, 2009
                                                                                      6. Elkind MS: Outcomes after stroke: risk of recurrent ischemic stroke and other events. Am J Med. 122(4 Suppl 2):S7-13, 2009
                                                                                      7. Lloyd-Jones D et al: Heart disease and stroke statistics--2009 update: a report from the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Circulation. 2009 Jan 27;119(3):480-6. Erratum in: Circulation. 119(3):e182, 2009
                                                                                      8. Roberts CS et al: Additional stroke-related and non-stroke-related cardiovascular costs and hospitalizations in managed-care patients after ischemic stroke. Stroke. 40(4):1425-32, 2009
                                                                                      9. Donnan GA et al: Stroke. Lancet. 371(9624):1612-23, 2008
                                                                                      10. Mark VW et al: Poststroke cerebral peduncular atrophy correlates with a measure of corticospinal tract injury in the cerebral hemisphere. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 29(2):354-8, 2008
                                                                                      11. Muñoz Maniega S et al: Changes in NAA and lactate following ischemic stroke: a serial MR spectroscopic imaging study. Neurology. 71(24):1993-9, 2008
                                                                                      12. Glodzik-Sobanska L et al: Prefrontal N-acetylaspartate and poststroke recovery: a longitudinal proton spectroscopy study. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 28(3):470-4, 2007
                                                                                      13. De Simone T et al: Wallerian degeneration of the pontocerebellar fibers. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 26(5):1062-5, 2005
                                                                                      14. Saito K et al: Mechanisms of bihemispheric brain infarctions in the anterior circulation on diffusion-weighted images. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 26(4):809-14, 2005
                                                                                      15. Hankey GJ: Long-term outcome after ischaemic stroke/transient ischaemic attack. Cerebrovasc Dis. 16 Suppl 1:14-9,16, 2003
                                                                                      16. Hardie K et al: Ten-year survival after first-ever stroke in the perth community stroke study. Stroke. 34(8):1842-6, 2003