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Chronic Cholecystitis
Maria A. Manning, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Definitions

                • Chronic inflammatory infiltration of gallbladder (GB) wall, frequently associated with gallstones

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    • MR Findings

                      • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                        • Imaging Recommendations

                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                            PATHOLOGY

                            • General Features

                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                • Microscopic Features

                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                  • Presentation

                                    • Demographics

                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                        • Treatment

                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                          • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                            Selected References

                                            1. Lopes Vendrami C et al: Gallbladder carcinoma and its differential diagnosis at MRI: what radiologists should know. Radiographics. 41(1):78-95, 2021
                                            2. Ishigami K et al: Ectopic relapse of IgG4-related disease presenting as IgG4-related sclerosing cholecystitis: a case report and review of literature. Medicine (Baltimore). 97(52):e13868, 2018
                                            3. Loehfelm TW et al: The utility of hepatic artery velocity in diagnosing patients with acute cholecystitis. Abdom Imaging. 43:1159-67, 2018
                                            4. Lamps LW: Gallbladder and extrahepatic bile ducts. In Goldblum JR et al: Rosai and Ackerman's Surgical Pathology. 11th ed. Elsevier. 851-5, 2017
                                            5. Bennett GL: Cholelithiasis, cholecystitis, choledocholithiasis, and hyperplastic cholecystoses. In Gore RM et al: Textbook of Gastrointestinal Radiology. 4th ed. Saunders Elsevier, 2015
                                            6. Knab LM et al: Cholecystitis. Surg Clin North Am. 94(2):455-70, 2014
                                            7. Seretis C et al: Metaplastic changes in chronic cholecystitis: implications for early diagnosis and surgical intervention to prevent the gallbladder metaplasia-dysplasia-carcinoma sequence. J Clin Med Res. 6(1):26-9, 2014
                                            8. O'Connor OJ et al: Imaging of cholecystitis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 196(4):W367-74, 2011
                                            9. Wang DQH et al: Gallstone disease. In Feldman M et al: Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease. 9th ed. Saunders Elsevier, 2010
                                            10. Smith EA et al: Cross-sectional imaging of acute and chronic gallbladder inflammatory disease. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 192(1):188-96, 2009
                                            11. Catalano OA et al: MR imaging of the gallbladder: a pictorial essay. Radiographics. 28(1):135-55; quiz 324, 2008
                                            12. van Breda Vriesman AC et al: Diffuse gallbladder wall thickening: differential diagnosis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 188(2):495-501, 2007
                                            Related Anatomy
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                                            Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                            References
                                            Tables

                                            Tables

                                            KEY FACTS

                                            • Terminology

                                              • Imaging

                                                • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                  • Pathology

                                                    • Clinical Issues

                                                      • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                                        • Definitions

                                                          • Chronic inflammatory infiltration of gallbladder (GB) wall, frequently associated with gallstones

                                                        IMAGING

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                            • CT Findings

                                                              • MR Findings

                                                                • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                                  • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                      PATHOLOGY

                                                                      • General Features

                                                                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                          • Microscopic Features

                                                                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                            • Presentation

                                                                              • Demographics

                                                                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                  • Treatment

                                                                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                      Selected References

                                                                                      1. Lopes Vendrami C et al: Gallbladder carcinoma and its differential diagnosis at MRI: what radiologists should know. Radiographics. 41(1):78-95, 2021
                                                                                      2. Ishigami K et al: Ectopic relapse of IgG4-related disease presenting as IgG4-related sclerosing cholecystitis: a case report and review of literature. Medicine (Baltimore). 97(52):e13868, 2018
                                                                                      3. Loehfelm TW et al: The utility of hepatic artery velocity in diagnosing patients with acute cholecystitis. Abdom Imaging. 43:1159-67, 2018
                                                                                      4. Lamps LW: Gallbladder and extrahepatic bile ducts. In Goldblum JR et al: Rosai and Ackerman's Surgical Pathology. 11th ed. Elsevier. 851-5, 2017
                                                                                      5. Bennett GL: Cholelithiasis, cholecystitis, choledocholithiasis, and hyperplastic cholecystoses. In Gore RM et al: Textbook of Gastrointestinal Radiology. 4th ed. Saunders Elsevier, 2015
                                                                                      6. Knab LM et al: Cholecystitis. Surg Clin North Am. 94(2):455-70, 2014
                                                                                      7. Seretis C et al: Metaplastic changes in chronic cholecystitis: implications for early diagnosis and surgical intervention to prevent the gallbladder metaplasia-dysplasia-carcinoma sequence. J Clin Med Res. 6(1):26-9, 2014
                                                                                      8. O'Connor OJ et al: Imaging of cholecystitis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 196(4):W367-74, 2011
                                                                                      9. Wang DQH et al: Gallstone disease. In Feldman M et al: Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease. 9th ed. Saunders Elsevier, 2010
                                                                                      10. Smith EA et al: Cross-sectional imaging of acute and chronic gallbladder inflammatory disease. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 192(1):188-96, 2009
                                                                                      11. Catalano OA et al: MR imaging of the gallbladder: a pictorial essay. Radiographics. 28(1):135-55; quiz 324, 2008
                                                                                      12. van Breda Vriesman AC et al: Diffuse gallbladder wall thickening: differential diagnosis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 188(2):495-501, 2007