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Chronic Renal Failure
Alessandro Furlan, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Synonyms

              • Chronic kidney disease (CKD)
              • End-stage renal disease (ESRD)
            • Definitions

              • Kidney damage or decreased renal function for ≥ 3 months

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Imaging Recommendations

                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                            • Microscopic Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                        Selected References

                                        1. USRDS 2013 Annual Data Report: Atlas of Chronic Kidney Disease and End-Stage Renal Disease in the United States. U.S. Renal Data System. Web site. http://www.usrds.org.  Accessed February 17th 2015.
                                        2. Faubel S et al: Renal relevant radiology: use of ultrasonography in patients with AKI. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 9(2):382-94, 2014
                                        3. Remer EM et al: ACR Appropriateness Criteria(®) on renal failure. Am J Med. 127(11):1041-8.e1, 2014
                                        4. Levey AS et al: Chronic kidney disease. Lancet. 379(9811):165-80, 2012
                                        5. Beland MD et al: Renal cortical thickness measured at ultrasound: is it better than renal length as an indicator of renal function in chronic kidney disease? AJR Am J Roentgenol. 195(2):W146-9, 2010
                                        6. Khati NJ et al: The role of ultrasound in renal insufficiency: the essentials. Ultrasound Q. 21(4):227-44, 2005
                                        7. Levey AS et al: Definition and classification of chronic kidney disease: a position statement from Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO). Kidney Int. 67(6):2089-100, 2005
                                        8. Emamian SA et al: Kidney dimensions at sonography: correlation with age, sex, and habitus in 665 adult volunteers. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 160(1):83-6, 1993
                                        Related Anatomy
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                                        Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                        References
                                        Tables

                                        Tables

                                        KEY FACTS

                                        • Terminology

                                          • Imaging

                                            • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                              • Pathology

                                                • Clinical Issues

                                                  TERMINOLOGY

                                                  • Synonyms

                                                    • Chronic kidney disease (CKD)
                                                    • End-stage renal disease (ESRD)
                                                  • Definitions

                                                    • Kidney damage or decreased renal function for ≥ 3 months

                                                  IMAGING

                                                  • General Features

                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                      • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                        • CT Findings

                                                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                            PATHOLOGY

                                                            • General Features

                                                              • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                  • Microscopic Features

                                                                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                    • Presentation

                                                                      • Demographics

                                                                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                          • Treatment

                                                                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                              Selected References

                                                                              1. USRDS 2013 Annual Data Report: Atlas of Chronic Kidney Disease and End-Stage Renal Disease in the United States. U.S. Renal Data System. Web site. http://www.usrds.org.  Accessed February 17th 2015.
                                                                              2. Faubel S et al: Renal relevant radiology: use of ultrasonography in patients with AKI. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 9(2):382-94, 2014
                                                                              3. Remer EM et al: ACR Appropriateness Criteria(®) on renal failure. Am J Med. 127(11):1041-8.e1, 2014
                                                                              4. Levey AS et al: Chronic kidney disease. Lancet. 379(9811):165-80, 2012
                                                                              5. Beland MD et al: Renal cortical thickness measured at ultrasound: is it better than renal length as an indicator of renal function in chronic kidney disease? AJR Am J Roentgenol. 195(2):W146-9, 2010
                                                                              6. Khati NJ et al: The role of ultrasound in renal insufficiency: the essentials. Ultrasound Q. 21(4):227-44, 2005
                                                                              7. Levey AS et al: Definition and classification of chronic kidney disease: a position statement from Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO). Kidney Int. 67(6):2089-100, 2005
                                                                              8. Emamian SA et al: Kidney dimensions at sonography: correlation with age, sex, and habitus in 665 adult volunteers. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 160(1):83-6, 1993