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Cleft Lip, Palate
Roya Sohaey, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Clinical Issues

        TERMINOLOGY

        • Abbreviations

          • Cleft lip (CL)
          • Cleft palate (CP)
          • Cleft lip with or without cleft palate: CL ± CP
        • Synonyms

          • Facial cleft
        • Definitions

          • Primary palate: Alveolar ridge
            • Immediately posterior to upper lip
            • Anterior to incisive foramen
          • Secondary palate: Hard + soft palate dorsal to alveolar ridge
            • Ending in uvula

        IMAGING

        • General Features

          • Ultrasonographic Findings

            • Imaging Recommendations

              • MR Findings

                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                  PATHOLOGY

                  • General Features

                    • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                      • Presentation

                        • Demographics

                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                            • Treatment

                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                              • Consider

                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                  Selected References

                                  1. D'Ambrosio V et al: Fetal tongue posture associated with micrognathia: An ultrasound marker of cleft secondary palate? J Clin Ultrasound. 48(1):48-51, 2020
                                  2. Fan KL et al: Coordination of the Fetal Medicine Institute and the Cleft and Craniofacial Center: application to early management of infants with cleft lip and palate. J Craniofac Surg. 30(7):2061-4, 2019
                                  3. Syngelaki A et al: Diagnosis of fetal non-chromosomal abnormalities on routine ultrasound examination at 11-13weeks' gestation. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 54(4):468-76, 2019
                                  4. Zheng W et al: The prenatal diagnosis and classification of cleft palate: the role and value of magnetic resonance imaging. Eur Radiol. 29(10):5600-6, 2019
                                  5. Abramson ZR et al: Radiology of cleft lip and palate: imaging for the prenatal period and throughout Life. Radiographics. 35(7):2053-63, 2015
                                  6. Chaoui R et al: Maxillary gap at 11-13 weeks' gestation: marker of cleft lip and palate. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 46(6):665-9, 2015
                                  7. Kim DW et al: Prenatal ultrasonographic diagnosis of cleft lip with or without cleft palate; pitfalls and considerations. Maxillofac Plast Reconstr Surg. 37(1):24, 2015
                                  Related Anatomy
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                                  Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                  References
                                  Tables

                                  Tables

                                  KEY FACTS

                                  • Terminology

                                    • Imaging

                                      • Clinical Issues

                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                        • Abbreviations

                                          • Cleft lip (CL)
                                          • Cleft palate (CP)
                                          • Cleft lip with or without cleft palate: CL ± CP
                                        • Synonyms

                                          • Facial cleft
                                        • Definitions

                                          • Primary palate: Alveolar ridge
                                            • Immediately posterior to upper lip
                                            • Anterior to incisive foramen
                                          • Secondary palate: Hard + soft palate dorsal to alveolar ridge
                                            • Ending in uvula

                                        IMAGING

                                        • General Features

                                          • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                            • Imaging Recommendations

                                              • MR Findings

                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                  • General Features

                                                    • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                      • Presentation

                                                        • Demographics

                                                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                            • Treatment

                                                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                              • Consider

                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                  Selected References

                                                                  1. D'Ambrosio V et al: Fetal tongue posture associated with micrognathia: An ultrasound marker of cleft secondary palate? J Clin Ultrasound. 48(1):48-51, 2020
                                                                  2. Fan KL et al: Coordination of the Fetal Medicine Institute and the Cleft and Craniofacial Center: application to early management of infants with cleft lip and palate. J Craniofac Surg. 30(7):2061-4, 2019
                                                                  3. Syngelaki A et al: Diagnosis of fetal non-chromosomal abnormalities on routine ultrasound examination at 11-13weeks' gestation. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 54(4):468-76, 2019
                                                                  4. Zheng W et al: The prenatal diagnosis and classification of cleft palate: the role and value of magnetic resonance imaging. Eur Radiol. 29(10):5600-6, 2019
                                                                  5. Abramson ZR et al: Radiology of cleft lip and palate: imaging for the prenatal period and throughout Life. Radiographics. 35(7):2053-63, 2015
                                                                  6. Chaoui R et al: Maxillary gap at 11-13 weeks' gestation: marker of cleft lip and palate. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 46(6):665-9, 2015
                                                                  7. Kim DW et al: Prenatal ultrasonographic diagnosis of cleft lip with or without cleft palate; pitfalls and considerations. Maxillofac Plast Reconstr Surg. 37(1):24, 2015