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Clinodactyly
Roya Sohaey, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Synonyms

                • Brachymesophalangia
              • Definitions

                • Deviation of digit in coronal plane
                  • 5th finger middle phalanx (MP) most often affected
                  • Little finger deviates toward ring finger

              IMAGING

              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                • Imaging Recommendations

                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                    PATHOLOGY

                    • General Features

                      • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                        • Presentation

                          • Demographics

                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                              • Treatment

                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                • Consider

                                  Selected References

                                  1. Goldfarb CA et al: Osteotomy for clinodactyly. J Hand Surg Am. 40(6):1220-4, 2015
                                  2. Goldfarb CA: Congenital hand differences. J Hand Surg Am. 34(7):1351-6, 2009
                                  3. Smith-Bindman R et al: Second trimester prenatal ultrasound for the detection of pregnancies at increased risk of Down syndrome. Prenat Diagn. 27(6):535-44, 2007
                                  4. Rypens F et al: Obstetric US: watch the fetal hands. Radiographics. 26(3):811-29; discussion 830-1, 2006
                                  5. Maymon R et al: All five digits of the hands of fetuses with Down syndrome are short. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 23(6):557-60, 2004
                                  6. Hobbins JC et al: An 8-center study to evaluate the utility of mid-term genetic sonograms among high-risk pregnancies. J Ultrasound Med. 22(1):33-8, 2003
                                  7. Stempfle N et al: Skeletal abnormalities in fetuses with Down's syndrome: a radiographic post-mortem study. Pediatr Radiol. 29(9):682-8, 1999
                                  8. Kjaer MS et al: Hand development in trisomy 21. Am J Med Genet. 79(5):337-42, 1998
                                  Related Anatomy
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                                  Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                  References
                                  Tables

                                  Tables

                                  KEY FACTS

                                  • Terminology

                                    • Imaging

                                      • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                        • Pathology

                                          • Clinical Issues

                                            • Diagnostic Checklist

                                              TERMINOLOGY

                                              • Synonyms

                                                • Brachymesophalangia
                                              • Definitions

                                                • Deviation of digit in coronal plane
                                                  • 5th finger middle phalanx (MP) most often affected
                                                  • Little finger deviates toward ring finger

                                              IMAGING

                                              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                • Imaging Recommendations

                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                        • Presentation

                                                          • Demographics

                                                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                              • Treatment

                                                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                • Consider

                                                                  Selected References

                                                                  1. Goldfarb CA et al: Osteotomy for clinodactyly. J Hand Surg Am. 40(6):1220-4, 2015
                                                                  2. Goldfarb CA: Congenital hand differences. J Hand Surg Am. 34(7):1351-6, 2009
                                                                  3. Smith-Bindman R et al: Second trimester prenatal ultrasound for the detection of pregnancies at increased risk of Down syndrome. Prenat Diagn. 27(6):535-44, 2007
                                                                  4. Rypens F et al: Obstetric US: watch the fetal hands. Radiographics. 26(3):811-29; discussion 830-1, 2006
                                                                  5. Maymon R et al: All five digits of the hands of fetuses with Down syndrome are short. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 23(6):557-60, 2004
                                                                  6. Hobbins JC et al: An 8-center study to evaluate the utility of mid-term genetic sonograms among high-risk pregnancies. J Ultrasound Med. 22(1):33-8, 2003
                                                                  7. Stempfle N et al: Skeletal abnormalities in fetuses with Down's syndrome: a radiographic post-mortem study. Pediatr Radiol. 29(9):682-8, 1999
                                                                  8. Kjaer MS et al: Hand development in trisomy 21. Am J Med Genet. 79(5):337-42, 1998