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Coats Disease
H. Christian Davidson, MD; Bernadette L. Koch, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Synonyms

                • Retinal telangiectasias
                • Exudative retinitis, exudative retinopathy
              • Definitions

                • Abnormal retinal capillary development leading to subretinal accumulation of exudate

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Imaging Recommendations

                  • CT Findings

                    • MR Findings

                      • Ultrasonographic Findings

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                • Microscopic Features

                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                  • Presentation

                                    • Demographics

                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                        • Treatment

                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                          • Consider

                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                              Selected References

                                              1. Sigler EJ et al: Current management of Coats disease. Surv Ophthalmol. 59(1):30-46, 2014
                                              2. Ray R et al: Treatment of Coats' disease with intravitreal bevacizumab. Br J Ophthalmol. 97(3):272-7, 2013
                                              3. Morris B et al: A population-based study of Coats disease in the United Kingdom I: epidemiology and clinical features at diagnosis. Eye (Lond). 24(12):1797-801, 2010
                                              4. Dhoot DS et al: Optic nerve enhancement in Coats disease with secondary glaucoma. J AAPOS. 13(3):301-2, 2009
                                              5. Lin CJ et al: The effect of intravitreal bevacizumab in the treatment of coats disease in children. Retina. Epub ahead of print, 2009
                                              6. Mrejen S et al: Management of retinal detachment in Coats disease. Study of 15 cases. Retina. 2008 Mar;28(3 Suppl):S26-32. Erratum in: Retina. 29(1):127, 2009
                                              7. Rubin MP et al: Coats' disease. Int Ophthalmol Clin. 48(2):149-58, 2008
                                              8. Adam RS et al: Observations on the management of Coats' disease: less is more. Br J Ophthalmol. 91(3):303-6, 2007
                                              9. Khurana RN et al: Subfoveal nodule in Coats' disease. Clin Experiment Ophthalmol. 33(3):301-2, 2005
                                              10. Smithen LM et al: Coats' disease diagnosed in adulthood. Ophthalmology. 112(6):1072-8, 2005
                                              11. Shields JA et al: Review: coats disease: the 2001 LuEsther T. Mertz lecture. Retina. 22(1):80-91, 2002
                                              12. Cahill M et al: Classification of the spectrum of Coats' disease as subtypes of idiopathic retinal telangiectasis with exudation. Acta Ophthalmol Scand. 79(6):596-602, 2001
                                              13. Galluzzi P et al: Coats disease: smaller volume of the affected globe. Radiology. 221(1):64-9, 2001
                                              14. Gastaud P: [Coats disease.] J Fr Ophtalmol. 24(9):976-83, 2001
                                              15. Shields JA et al: Classification and management of Coats disease: the 2000 Proctor Lecture. Am J Ophthalmol. 131(5):572-83, 2001
                                              16. Eisenberg L et al: Proton MR spectroscopy in Coats disease. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 18(4):727-9, 1997
                                              17. Coats G: Forms of retinal disease with massive exudation. Royal London Ophthalmic Hospital Reports. 17(3):440-525, 1908
                                              Related Anatomy
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                                              Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                              References
                                              Tables

                                              Tables

                                              KEY FACTS

                                              • Terminology

                                                • Imaging

                                                  • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                    • Pathology

                                                      • Clinical Issues

                                                        • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                          TERMINOLOGY

                                                          • Synonyms

                                                            • Retinal telangiectasias
                                                            • Exudative retinitis, exudative retinopathy
                                                          • Definitions

                                                            • Abnormal retinal capillary development leading to subretinal accumulation of exudate

                                                          IMAGING

                                                          • General Features

                                                            • Imaging Recommendations

                                                              • CT Findings

                                                                • MR Findings

                                                                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                      PATHOLOGY

                                                                      • General Features

                                                                        • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                            • Microscopic Features

                                                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                              • Presentation

                                                                                • Demographics

                                                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                    • Treatment

                                                                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                      • Consider

                                                                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                          Selected References

                                                                                          1. Sigler EJ et al: Current management of Coats disease. Surv Ophthalmol. 59(1):30-46, 2014
                                                                                          2. Ray R et al: Treatment of Coats' disease with intravitreal bevacizumab. Br J Ophthalmol. 97(3):272-7, 2013
                                                                                          3. Morris B et al: A population-based study of Coats disease in the United Kingdom I: epidemiology and clinical features at diagnosis. Eye (Lond). 24(12):1797-801, 2010
                                                                                          4. Dhoot DS et al: Optic nerve enhancement in Coats disease with secondary glaucoma. J AAPOS. 13(3):301-2, 2009
                                                                                          5. Lin CJ et al: The effect of intravitreal bevacizumab in the treatment of coats disease in children. Retina. Epub ahead of print, 2009
                                                                                          6. Mrejen S et al: Management of retinal detachment in Coats disease. Study of 15 cases. Retina. 2008 Mar;28(3 Suppl):S26-32. Erratum in: Retina. 29(1):127, 2009
                                                                                          7. Rubin MP et al: Coats' disease. Int Ophthalmol Clin. 48(2):149-58, 2008
                                                                                          8. Adam RS et al: Observations on the management of Coats' disease: less is more. Br J Ophthalmol. 91(3):303-6, 2007
                                                                                          9. Khurana RN et al: Subfoveal nodule in Coats' disease. Clin Experiment Ophthalmol. 33(3):301-2, 2005
                                                                                          10. Smithen LM et al: Coats' disease diagnosed in adulthood. Ophthalmology. 112(6):1072-8, 2005
                                                                                          11. Shields JA et al: Review: coats disease: the 2001 LuEsther T. Mertz lecture. Retina. 22(1):80-91, 2002
                                                                                          12. Cahill M et al: Classification of the spectrum of Coats' disease as subtypes of idiopathic retinal telangiectasis with exudation. Acta Ophthalmol Scand. 79(6):596-602, 2001
                                                                                          13. Galluzzi P et al: Coats disease: smaller volume of the affected globe. Radiology. 221(1):64-9, 2001
                                                                                          14. Gastaud P: [Coats disease.] J Fr Ophtalmol. 24(9):976-83, 2001
                                                                                          15. Shields JA et al: Classification and management of Coats disease: the 2000 Proctor Lecture. Am J Ophthalmol. 131(5):572-83, 2001
                                                                                          16. Eisenberg L et al: Proton MR spectroscopy in Coats disease. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 18(4):727-9, 1997
                                                                                          17. Coats G: Forms of retinal disease with massive exudation. Royal London Ophthalmic Hospital Reports. 17(3):440-525, 1908