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Colloid Cyst
Luke L. Linscott, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Synonyms

                • Paraphyseal cyst
              • Definitions

                • Benign epithelial-lined, mucin-containing cyst; almost exclusively located in anterior superior 3rd ventricle

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                          • Presentation

                            • Demographics

                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                • Treatment

                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                  • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                    Selected References

                                    1. Alford EN et al: Independent validation of the colloid cyst risk score to predict symptoms and hydrocephalus in patients with colloid cysts of the third ventricle. World Neurosurg. 134:e747-53, 2020
                                    2. El-Ghandour NMF: Endoscopic treatment of intraventricular ependymal cysts in children: personal experience and review of literature. Childs Nerv Syst. 34(12):2441-8, 2018
                                    3. O'Neill AH et al: Natural history of incidental colloid cysts of the third ventricle: a systematic review. J Clin Neurosci. 53:122-6, 2018
                                    4. Vazhayil V et al: Surgical management of colloid cysts in children: experience at a tertiary care center. Childs Nerv Syst. 34(6):1215-20, 2018
                                    5. Lagman C et al: Fatal colloid cysts: a systematic review. World Neurosurg. 107:409-15, 2017
                                    6. Margetis K et al: Endoscopic resection of incidental colloid cysts. J Neurosurg. 120(6):1259-67, 2014
                                    7. Sheikh AB et al: Endoscopic versus microsurgical resection of colloid cysts: a systematic review and meta-analysis of 1,278 patients. World Neurosurg. 82(6):1187-97, 2014
                                    8. Boogaarts HD et al: Long-term results of the neuroendoscopic management of colloid cysts of the third ventricle: a series of 90 cases. Neurosurgery. 68(1):179-87, 2011
                                    9. Alnaghmoosh N et al: Colloid cysts in children, a clinical and radiological study. Childs Nerv Syst. 22(5):514-6, 2006
                                    10. Maqsood AA et al: Third ventricular colloid cysts in children. Pediatr Neurosurg. 42(3):147-50, 2006
                                    11. Peraud A et al: Intraventricular congenital lesions and colloid cysts. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 14(4):607-19, 2003
                                    12. Jeffree RL et al: Colloid cyst of the third ventricle: a clinical review of 39 cases. J Clin Neurosci. 8(4):328-31, 2001
                                    13. Armao D et al: Colloid cyst of the third ventricle: imaging-pathologic correlation. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 21(8):1470-7, 2000
                                    14. El Khoury C et al: Colloid cysts of the third ventricle: are MR imaging patterns predictive of difficulty with percutaneous treatment? AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 21(3):489-92, 2000
                                    15. Pollock BE et al: Natural history of asymptomatic colloid cysts of the third ventricle. J Neurosurg. 91(3):364-9, 1999
                                    16. Macdonald RL et al: Colloid cysts in children. Pediatr Neurosurg. 20(3):169-77, 1994
                                    17. Camacho A et al: Colloid cysts: experience with the management of 84 cases since the introduction of computed tomography. Neurosurgery. 24(5):693-700, 1989
                                    Related Anatomy
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                                    Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                    References
                                    Tables

                                    Tables

                                    KEY FACTS

                                    • Terminology

                                      • Imaging

                                        • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                          • Pathology

                                            • Clinical Issues

                                              • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                TERMINOLOGY

                                                • Synonyms

                                                  • Paraphyseal cyst
                                                • Definitions

                                                  • Benign epithelial-lined, mucin-containing cyst; almost exclusively located in anterior superior 3rd ventricle

                                                IMAGING

                                                • General Features

                                                  • CT Findings

                                                    • MR Findings

                                                      • Imaging Recommendations

                                                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                          PATHOLOGY

                                                          • General Features

                                                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                            • Presentation

                                                              • Demographics

                                                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                  • Treatment

                                                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                      Selected References

                                                                      1. Alford EN et al: Independent validation of the colloid cyst risk score to predict symptoms and hydrocephalus in patients with colloid cysts of the third ventricle. World Neurosurg. 134:e747-53, 2020
                                                                      2. El-Ghandour NMF: Endoscopic treatment of intraventricular ependymal cysts in children: personal experience and review of literature. Childs Nerv Syst. 34(12):2441-8, 2018
                                                                      3. O'Neill AH et al: Natural history of incidental colloid cysts of the third ventricle: a systematic review. J Clin Neurosci. 53:122-6, 2018
                                                                      4. Vazhayil V et al: Surgical management of colloid cysts in children: experience at a tertiary care center. Childs Nerv Syst. 34(6):1215-20, 2018
                                                                      5. Lagman C et al: Fatal colloid cysts: a systematic review. World Neurosurg. 107:409-15, 2017
                                                                      6. Margetis K et al: Endoscopic resection of incidental colloid cysts. J Neurosurg. 120(6):1259-67, 2014
                                                                      7. Sheikh AB et al: Endoscopic versus microsurgical resection of colloid cysts: a systematic review and meta-analysis of 1,278 patients. World Neurosurg. 82(6):1187-97, 2014
                                                                      8. Boogaarts HD et al: Long-term results of the neuroendoscopic management of colloid cysts of the third ventricle: a series of 90 cases. Neurosurgery. 68(1):179-87, 2011
                                                                      9. Alnaghmoosh N et al: Colloid cysts in children, a clinical and radiological study. Childs Nerv Syst. 22(5):514-6, 2006
                                                                      10. Maqsood AA et al: Third ventricular colloid cysts in children. Pediatr Neurosurg. 42(3):147-50, 2006
                                                                      11. Peraud A et al: Intraventricular congenital lesions and colloid cysts. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 14(4):607-19, 2003
                                                                      12. Jeffree RL et al: Colloid cyst of the third ventricle: a clinical review of 39 cases. J Clin Neurosci. 8(4):328-31, 2001
                                                                      13. Armao D et al: Colloid cyst of the third ventricle: imaging-pathologic correlation. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 21(8):1470-7, 2000
                                                                      14. El Khoury C et al: Colloid cysts of the third ventricle: are MR imaging patterns predictive of difficulty with percutaneous treatment? AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 21(3):489-92, 2000
                                                                      15. Pollock BE et al: Natural history of asymptomatic colloid cysts of the third ventricle. J Neurosurg. 91(3):364-9, 1999
                                                                      16. Macdonald RL et al: Colloid cysts in children. Pediatr Neurosurg. 20(3):169-77, 1994
                                                                      17. Camacho A et al: Colloid cysts: experience with the management of 84 cases since the introduction of computed tomography. Neurosurgery. 24(5):693-700, 1989