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Common Cavity Malformation
Surjith Vattoth, MD, FRCR; Caroline D. Robson, MBChB
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Definitions

                • Common cavity (CC) is cystic space representing undifferentiated cochlea & vestibule

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          • Microscopic Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Treatment

                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                  • Consider

                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                      • Reporting Tips

                                        Selected References

                                        1. Mierzwiński J et al: Application of "banana cochleostomy" and looped electrode insertion for cochlear implantation in children with common cavity malformation and cystic forms of cochlear hypoplasia. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 112:16-23, 2018
                                        2. Sennaroğlu L et al: Classification and current management of inner ear malformations. Balkan Med J. 34(5):397-411, 2017
                                        3. Pradhananga RB et al: Long term outcome of cochlear implantation in five children with common cavity deformity. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 79(5):685-9, 2015
                                        4. Ramesh V et al: Recurrent pneumococcal meningitis in a child with congenital common cavity malformation of the inner ear. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 53(4):397-8, 2014
                                        5. Beltrame MA et al: Common cavity and custom-made electrodes: speech perception and audiological performance of children with common cavity implanted with a custom-made MED-EL electrode. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 77(8):1237-43, 2013
                                        6. Giesemann AM et al: From labyrinthine aplasia to otocyst deformity. Neuroradiology. 52(2):147-54, 2010
                                        7. Chadha NK et al: Bilateral cochlear implantation in children with anomalous cochleovestibular anatomy. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 135(9):903-9, 2009
                                        8. Bosley TM et al: The clinical spectrum of homozygous HOXA1 mutations. Am J Med Genet A. 146A(10):1235-40, 2008
                                        9. Sennaroglu L et al: Surgical results of cochlear implantation in malformed cochlea. Otol Neurotol. 27(5):615-23, 2006
                                        10. Sennaroglu L et al: A new classification for cochleovestibular malformations. Laryngoscope. 112(12):2230-41, 2002
                                        11. Jackler RK et al: Congenital malformations of the inner ear: a classification based on embryogenesis. Laryngoscope. 97(3 Pt 2 Suppl 40):2-14, 1987
                                        Related Anatomy
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                                        Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                        References
                                        Tables

                                        Tables

                                        KEY FACTS

                                        • Terminology

                                          • Imaging

                                            • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                              • Pathology

                                                • Clinical Issues

                                                  • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                                    • Definitions

                                                      • Common cavity (CC) is cystic space representing undifferentiated cochlea & vestibule

                                                    IMAGING

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • CT Findings

                                                        • MR Findings

                                                          • Imaging Recommendations

                                                            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                              PATHOLOGY

                                                              • General Features

                                                                • Microscopic Features

                                                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                  • Presentation

                                                                    • Demographics

                                                                      • Treatment

                                                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                        • Consider

                                                                          • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                            • Reporting Tips

                                                                              Selected References

                                                                              1. Mierzwiński J et al: Application of "banana cochleostomy" and looped electrode insertion for cochlear implantation in children with common cavity malformation and cystic forms of cochlear hypoplasia. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 112:16-23, 2018
                                                                              2. Sennaroğlu L et al: Classification and current management of inner ear malformations. Balkan Med J. 34(5):397-411, 2017
                                                                              3. Pradhananga RB et al: Long term outcome of cochlear implantation in five children with common cavity deformity. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 79(5):685-9, 2015
                                                                              4. Ramesh V et al: Recurrent pneumococcal meningitis in a child with congenital common cavity malformation of the inner ear. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 53(4):397-8, 2014
                                                                              5. Beltrame MA et al: Common cavity and custom-made electrodes: speech perception and audiological performance of children with common cavity implanted with a custom-made MED-EL electrode. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 77(8):1237-43, 2013
                                                                              6. Giesemann AM et al: From labyrinthine aplasia to otocyst deformity. Neuroradiology. 52(2):147-54, 2010
                                                                              7. Chadha NK et al: Bilateral cochlear implantation in children with anomalous cochleovestibular anatomy. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 135(9):903-9, 2009
                                                                              8. Bosley TM et al: The clinical spectrum of homozygous HOXA1 mutations. Am J Med Genet A. 146A(10):1235-40, 2008
                                                                              9. Sennaroglu L et al: Surgical results of cochlear implantation in malformed cochlea. Otol Neurotol. 27(5):615-23, 2006
                                                                              10. Sennaroglu L et al: A new classification for cochleovestibular malformations. Laryngoscope. 112(12):2230-41, 2002
                                                                              11. Jackler RK et al: Congenital malformations of the inner ear: a classification based on embryogenesis. Laryngoscope. 97(3 Pt 2 Suppl 40):2-14, 1987