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Complications of Paraplegia
Donna G. Blankenbaker, MD, FACR; B. J. Manaster, MD, PhD, FACR
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      TERMINOLOGY

      • Definitions

        • Musculoskeletal complications related to paraplegia

      IMAGING

      • Radiographic Findings

        Selected References

        1. Ampadiotaki MM et al: New strategies in neurogenic heterotopic ossification. Cureus. 13(4):e14709, 2021
        2. Kasai T et al: Squamous cell carcinoma arising from an ischial pressure ulcer initially suspected to be necrotizing soft tissue infection: a case report. J Tissue Viability. 30(4):621-5, 2021
        3. Rawat N et al: Incidence and characteristics of heterotopic ossification after spinal cord injury: a single institution study in India. Spinal Cord Ser Cases. 5:72, 2019
        4. Kentar Y et al: Prevalence of upper extremity pain in a population of people with paraplegia. Spinal Cord. 56(7):695-703, 2018
        5. Aebli N et al: Characteristics and surgical management of neuropathic (Charcot) spinal arthropathy after spinal cord injury. Spine J. 14(6):884-91, 2014
        6. Citak M et al: Risk factors for heterotopic ossification in patients with spinal cord injury: a case-control study of 264 patients. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 37(23):1953-7, 2012
        7. Teasell RW et al: A systematic review of the therapeutic interventions for heterotopic ossification after spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord. 48(7):512-21, 2010
        8. Asuquo M et al: Marjolin's ulcer: the importance of surgical management of chronic cutaneous ulcers. Int J Dermatol. 46 Suppl 2:29-32, 2007
        9. Eckstein F et al: The effects of exercise on human articular cartilage. J Anat. 208(4):491-512, 2006
        10. Wick L et al: Magnetic resonance signal alterations in the acute onset of heterotopic ossification in patients with spinal cord injury. Eur Radiol. 15(9):1867-75, 2005
        Related Anatomy
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        Related Differential Diagnoses
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        References
        Tables

        Tables

        KEY FACTS

        • Terminology

          • Imaging

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Definitions

              • Musculoskeletal complications related to paraplegia

            IMAGING

            • Radiographic Findings

              Selected References

              1. Ampadiotaki MM et al: New strategies in neurogenic heterotopic ossification. Cureus. 13(4):e14709, 2021
              2. Kasai T et al: Squamous cell carcinoma arising from an ischial pressure ulcer initially suspected to be necrotizing soft tissue infection: a case report. J Tissue Viability. 30(4):621-5, 2021
              3. Rawat N et al: Incidence and characteristics of heterotopic ossification after spinal cord injury: a single institution study in India. Spinal Cord Ser Cases. 5:72, 2019
              4. Kentar Y et al: Prevalence of upper extremity pain in a population of people with paraplegia. Spinal Cord. 56(7):695-703, 2018
              5. Aebli N et al: Characteristics and surgical management of neuropathic (Charcot) spinal arthropathy after spinal cord injury. Spine J. 14(6):884-91, 2014
              6. Citak M et al: Risk factors for heterotopic ossification in patients with spinal cord injury: a case-control study of 264 patients. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 37(23):1953-7, 2012
              7. Teasell RW et al: A systematic review of the therapeutic interventions for heterotopic ossification after spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord. 48(7):512-21, 2010
              8. Asuquo M et al: Marjolin's ulcer: the importance of surgical management of chronic cutaneous ulcers. Int J Dermatol. 46 Suppl 2:29-32, 2007
              9. Eckstein F et al: The effects of exercise on human articular cartilage. J Anat. 208(4):491-512, 2006
              10. Wick L et al: Magnetic resonance signal alterations in the acute onset of heterotopic ossification in patients with spinal cord injury. Eur Radiol. 15(9):1867-75, 2005