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Condylar Aplasia
David Hatcher, DDS, MSc
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Synonyms

              • Partial agnathia, hemignathia
            • Definitions

              • Anomaly of unknown origin that effects TMJ development, usually unilaterally

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • CT Findings

                • Imaging Recommendations

                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                    PATHOLOGY

                    • General Features

                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                      • Presentation

                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                          • Treatment

                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                            • Consider

                              • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                Selected References

                                1. Leoni C et al: Respiratory and gastrointestinal dysfunctions associated with auriculo-condylar syndrome and a homozygous PLCB4 loss-of-function mutation. Am J Med Genet A. 170(6):1471-8, 2016
                                2. Takano K et al: The association of external and middle ear anomaly and mandibular morphology in congenital microtia. Otol Neurotol. 37(7):889-94, 2016
                                3. Lin AE: The partnership of medical genetics and oral and maxillofacial surgery when evaluating craniofacial anomalies. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 73(12 Suppl):S13-6, 2015
                                4. Shivhare P et al: Non-syndromic bilateral condylar aplasia: a rare case. Indian J Dent Res. 26(2):210-3, 2015
                                5. Vijay P et al: Unilateral ankylosis of temporomandibular ioint (TMJ) with contralateral condylar aplasia and related orthopedic deformity - syndromic or nonsyndromic? J Clin Diagn Res. 9(1):ZD34-6, 2015
                                6. Kaban LB: Mandibular asymmetry and the fourth dimension. J Craniofac Surg. 2009 Mar;20 Suppl 1:622-31. Erratum in: J Craniofac Surg. 20(5):1629-30, 2009
                                7. Popescu MA et al: [Computed tomography investigation of temporomandibular joint in surgery of dento-maxillary anomalies.] Chirurgia (Bucur). 104(5):583-90, 2009
                                8. Defabianis P: Condylar fractures treatment in children and youths: influence on function and face development (a five year retrospective analysis). Funct Orthod. 18(2):24-31, 2001
                                9. Huisinga-Fischer CE et al: CT-based size and shape determination of the craniofacial skeleton: a new scoring system to assess bony deformities in hemifacial microsomia. J Craniofac Surg. 12(1):87-94, 2001
                                10. Kearns GJ et al: Progression of facial asymmetry in hemifacial microsomia. Plast Reconstr Surg. 105(2):492-8, 2000
                                11. Sakurai K: Judgment of abnormal condylar surface forms in edentulous patients by temporomandibular joint noise. Bull Tokyo Dent Coll. 39(4):263-6, 1998
                                12. Mulliken JB et al: Analysis and treatment of hemifacial microsomia in childhood. Clin Plast Surg. 14(1):91-100, 1987
                                13. Bennun RD et al: Microtia: a microform of hemifacial microsomia. Plast Reconstr Surg. 76(6):859-65, 1985
                                14. Kaban LB et al: Three-dimensional approach to analysis and treatment of hemifacial microsomia. Cleft Palate J. 18(2):90-9, 1981
                                Related Anatomy
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                                Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                References
                                Tables

                                Tables

                                KEY FACTS

                                • Terminology

                                  • Imaging

                                    • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                      • Pathology

                                        • Clinical Issues

                                          TERMINOLOGY

                                          • Synonyms

                                            • Partial agnathia, hemignathia
                                          • Definitions

                                            • Anomaly of unknown origin that effects TMJ development, usually unilaterally

                                          IMAGING

                                          • General Features

                                            • CT Findings

                                              • Imaging Recommendations

                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                  • General Features

                                                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                    • Presentation

                                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                        • Treatment

                                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                          • Consider

                                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                              Selected References

                                                              1. Leoni C et al: Respiratory and gastrointestinal dysfunctions associated with auriculo-condylar syndrome and a homozygous PLCB4 loss-of-function mutation. Am J Med Genet A. 170(6):1471-8, 2016
                                                              2. Takano K et al: The association of external and middle ear anomaly and mandibular morphology in congenital microtia. Otol Neurotol. 37(7):889-94, 2016
                                                              3. Lin AE: The partnership of medical genetics and oral and maxillofacial surgery when evaluating craniofacial anomalies. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 73(12 Suppl):S13-6, 2015
                                                              4. Shivhare P et al: Non-syndromic bilateral condylar aplasia: a rare case. Indian J Dent Res. 26(2):210-3, 2015
                                                              5. Vijay P et al: Unilateral ankylosis of temporomandibular ioint (TMJ) with contralateral condylar aplasia and related orthopedic deformity - syndromic or nonsyndromic? J Clin Diagn Res. 9(1):ZD34-6, 2015
                                                              6. Kaban LB: Mandibular asymmetry and the fourth dimension. J Craniofac Surg. 2009 Mar;20 Suppl 1:622-31. Erratum in: J Craniofac Surg. 20(5):1629-30, 2009
                                                              7. Popescu MA et al: [Computed tomography investigation of temporomandibular joint in surgery of dento-maxillary anomalies.] Chirurgia (Bucur). 104(5):583-90, 2009
                                                              8. Defabianis P: Condylar fractures treatment in children and youths: influence on function and face development (a five year retrospective analysis). Funct Orthod. 18(2):24-31, 2001
                                                              9. Huisinga-Fischer CE et al: CT-based size and shape determination of the craniofacial skeleton: a new scoring system to assess bony deformities in hemifacial microsomia. J Craniofac Surg. 12(1):87-94, 2001
                                                              10. Kearns GJ et al: Progression of facial asymmetry in hemifacial microsomia. Plast Reconstr Surg. 105(2):492-8, 2000
                                                              11. Sakurai K: Judgment of abnormal condylar surface forms in edentulous patients by temporomandibular joint noise. Bull Tokyo Dent Coll. 39(4):263-6, 1998
                                                              12. Mulliken JB et al: Analysis and treatment of hemifacial microsomia in childhood. Clin Plast Surg. 14(1):91-100, 1987
                                                              13. Bennun RD et al: Microtia: a microform of hemifacial microsomia. Plast Reconstr Surg. 76(6):859-65, 1985
                                                              14. Kaban LB et al: Three-dimensional approach to analysis and treatment of hemifacial microsomia. Cleft Palate J. 18(2):90-9, 1981