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Congenital Vertebral Anomalies
Julia R. Crim, MD; Kevin R. Moore, MD
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DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

    ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

    • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

      • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

        Selected References

        1. Dias M et al: Congenital brain and spinal cord malformations and their associated cutaneous markers. Pediatrics. 136(4):e1105-19, 2015
        2. Lautz TB et al: VACTERL associations in children undergoing surgery for esophageal atresia and anorectal malformations: Implications for pediatric surgeons. J Pediatr Surg. 50(8):1245-50, 2015
        3. Ramadorai U et al: Incidental findings on magnetic resonance imaging of the spine in the asymptomatic pediatric population: a systematic review. Evid Based Spine Care J. 5(2):95-100, 2014
        Related Anatomy
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        Related Differential Diagnoses
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        References
        Tables

        Tables

        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

          ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

          • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

            • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

              Selected References

              1. Dias M et al: Congenital brain and spinal cord malformations and their associated cutaneous markers. Pediatrics. 136(4):e1105-19, 2015
              2. Lautz TB et al: VACTERL associations in children undergoing surgery for esophageal atresia and anorectal malformations: Implications for pediatric surgeons. J Pediatr Surg. 50(8):1245-50, 2015
              3. Ramadorai U et al: Incidental findings on magnetic resonance imaging of the spine in the asymptomatic pediatric population: a systematic review. Evid Based Spine Care J. 5(2):95-100, 2014