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Congenital Vertical Talus (Rocker-Bottom Foot)
B.J. Manaster, MD, PhD, FACR
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Synonyms

            • Congenital convex pes valgus
          • Definitions

            • Rigid flatfoot deformity with convex plantar surface (rocker-bottom foot)

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Radiographic Findings

              • MR Findings

                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                    PATHOLOGY

                    • General Features

                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                      • Presentation

                        • Demographics

                          • Treatment

                            Selected References

                            1. Rosa RF et al: Limb abnormalities on trisomy 18: evidence for early diagnosis. J Pediatr (Rio J). 88(5):401-5, 2012
                            2. McKie J et al: Congenital vertical talus: a review. Clin Podiatr Med Surg. 27(1):145-56, 2010
                            3. Kruse L et al: Magnetic resonance angiography in clubfoot and vertical talus: a feasibility study. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 467(5):1250-5, 2009
                            4. Alaee F et al: A new approach to the treatment of congenital vertical talus. J Child Orthop. 1(3):165-74, 2007
                            5. Bosker BH et al: Congenital convex pes valgus (congenital vertical talus). The condition and its treatment: a review of the literature. Acta Orthop Belg. 73(3):366-72, 2007
                            6. Dobbs MB et al: Early results of a new method of treatment for idiopathic congenital vertical talus. Surgical technique. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 89 Suppl 2 Pt, 2007
                            7. Gurnett CA et al: Absence of HOXD10 mutations in idiopathic clubfoot and sporadic vertical talus. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 462:27-31, 2007
                            8. Violas P et al: Ultrasound: a helpful technique in the analysis of congenital vertical talus. A case report. J Pediatr Orthop B. 15(1):70-2, 2006
                            9. Aroojis AJ et al: Congenital vertical talus in arthrogryposis and other contractural syndromes. Clin Orthop Relat Res. (434):26-32, 2005
                            10. Hootnick DR et al: Ischemic necrosis leading to amputation following surgical correction of congenital vertical talus. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 34(1):35-7, 2005
                            11. Levinsohn EM et al: Congenital vertical talus in four generations of the same family. Skeletal Radiol. 33(11):649-54, 2004
                            12. Dobbs MB et al: Autosomal dominant transmission of isolated congenital vertical talus. Iowa Orthop J. 22:25-7, 2002
                            Related Anatomy
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                            Related Differential Diagnoses
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                            References
                            Tables

                            Tables

                            KEY FACTS

                            • Terminology

                              • Imaging

                                • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                  • Pathology

                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                    • Synonyms

                                      • Congenital convex pes valgus
                                    • Definitions

                                      • Rigid flatfoot deformity with convex plantar surface (rocker-bottom foot)

                                    IMAGING

                                    • General Features

                                      • Radiographic Findings

                                        • MR Findings

                                          • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                              PATHOLOGY

                                              • General Features

                                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                • Presentation

                                                  • Demographics

                                                    • Treatment

                                                      Selected References

                                                      1. Rosa RF et al: Limb abnormalities on trisomy 18: evidence for early diagnosis. J Pediatr (Rio J). 88(5):401-5, 2012
                                                      2. McKie J et al: Congenital vertical talus: a review. Clin Podiatr Med Surg. 27(1):145-56, 2010
                                                      3. Kruse L et al: Magnetic resonance angiography in clubfoot and vertical talus: a feasibility study. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 467(5):1250-5, 2009
                                                      4. Alaee F et al: A new approach to the treatment of congenital vertical talus. J Child Orthop. 1(3):165-74, 2007
                                                      5. Bosker BH et al: Congenital convex pes valgus (congenital vertical talus). The condition and its treatment: a review of the literature. Acta Orthop Belg. 73(3):366-72, 2007
                                                      6. Dobbs MB et al: Early results of a new method of treatment for idiopathic congenital vertical talus. Surgical technique. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 89 Suppl 2 Pt, 2007
                                                      7. Gurnett CA et al: Absence of HOXD10 mutations in idiopathic clubfoot and sporadic vertical talus. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 462:27-31, 2007
                                                      8. Violas P et al: Ultrasound: a helpful technique in the analysis of congenital vertical talus. A case report. J Pediatr Orthop B. 15(1):70-2, 2006
                                                      9. Aroojis AJ et al: Congenital vertical talus in arthrogryposis and other contractural syndromes. Clin Orthop Relat Res. (434):26-32, 2005
                                                      10. Hootnick DR et al: Ischemic necrosis leading to amputation following surgical correction of congenital vertical talus. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 34(1):35-7, 2005
                                                      11. Levinsohn EM et al: Congenital vertical talus in four generations of the same family. Skeletal Radiol. 33(11):649-54, 2004
                                                      12. Dobbs MB et al: Autosomal dominant transmission of isolated congenital vertical talus. Iowa Orthop J. 22:25-7, 2002