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Cortical Hyperintensity T2/FLAIR
Karen L. Salzman, MD
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DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

    ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

    • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

      • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

        • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

          • Helpful Clues for Rare Diagnoses

            • Alternative Differential Approaches

              Selected References

              1. Bouet R et al: The relationship between morphological lesion, magnetic source imaging, and intracranial stereo-electroencephalography in focal cortical dysplasia. Neuroimage Clin. 15:71-79, 2017
              2. Kelley BP et al: Autoimmune Encephalitis: Pathophysiology and Imaging Review of an Overlooked Diagnosis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. ePub, 2017
              3. Paldino MJ et al: Comparison of the diagnostic accuracy of PET/MRI to PET/CT-acquired FDG brain exams for seizure focus detection: a prospective study. Pediatr Radiol. ePub, 2017
              4. Weiss Lucas C et al: Functional MRI vs. navigated TMS to optimize M1 seed volume delineation for DTI tractography. A prospective study in patients with brain tumours adjacent to the corticospinal tract. Neuroimage Clin. 13:297-309, 2017
              5. Williams JA et al: An exploration of the spectrum of peri-ictal MRI change; a comprehensive literature review. Seizure. 50:19-32, 2017
              6. Bharath RD et al: Seizure Frequency Can Alter Brain Connectivity: Evidence from Resting-State fMRI. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 36(10):1890-8, 2015
              7. da Rocha AJ et al: Recognizing Autoimmune-Mediated Encephalitis in the Differential Diagnosis of Limbic Disorders. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 36(12):2196-205, 2015
              8. Ghei SK et al: MR imaging of hypoxic-ischemic injury in term neonates: pearls and pitfalls. Radiographics. 34(4):1047-61, 2014
              9. Kotsenas AL et al: MRI findings in autoimmune voltage-gated potassium channel complex encephalitis with seizures: one potential etiology for mesial temporal sclerosis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 35(1):84-9, 2014
              10. Park A et al: Respiratory syncytial virus-related encephalitis: magnetic resonance imaging findings with diffusion-weighted study. Neuroradiology. 56(2):163-8, 2014
              Related Anatomy
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              Related Differential Diagnoses
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              References
              Tables

              Tables

              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

                • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

                  • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

                    • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

                      • Helpful Clues for Rare Diagnoses

                        • Alternative Differential Approaches

                          Selected References

                          1. Bouet R et al: The relationship between morphological lesion, magnetic source imaging, and intracranial stereo-electroencephalography in focal cortical dysplasia. Neuroimage Clin. 15:71-79, 2017
                          2. Kelley BP et al: Autoimmune Encephalitis: Pathophysiology and Imaging Review of an Overlooked Diagnosis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. ePub, 2017
                          3. Paldino MJ et al: Comparison of the diagnostic accuracy of PET/MRI to PET/CT-acquired FDG brain exams for seizure focus detection: a prospective study. Pediatr Radiol. ePub, 2017
                          4. Weiss Lucas C et al: Functional MRI vs. navigated TMS to optimize M1 seed volume delineation for DTI tractography. A prospective study in patients with brain tumours adjacent to the corticospinal tract. Neuroimage Clin. 13:297-309, 2017
                          5. Williams JA et al: An exploration of the spectrum of peri-ictal MRI change; a comprehensive literature review. Seizure. 50:19-32, 2017
                          6. Bharath RD et al: Seizure Frequency Can Alter Brain Connectivity: Evidence from Resting-State fMRI. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 36(10):1890-8, 2015
                          7. da Rocha AJ et al: Recognizing Autoimmune-Mediated Encephalitis in the Differential Diagnosis of Limbic Disorders. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 36(12):2196-205, 2015
                          8. Ghei SK et al: MR imaging of hypoxic-ischemic injury in term neonates: pearls and pitfalls. Radiographics. 34(4):1047-61, 2014
                          9. Kotsenas AL et al: MRI findings in autoimmune voltage-gated potassium channel complex encephalitis with seizures: one potential etiology for mesial temporal sclerosis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 35(1):84-9, 2014
                          10. Park A et al: Respiratory syncytial virus-related encephalitis: magnetic resonance imaging findings with diffusion-weighted study. Neuroradiology. 56(2):163-8, 2014