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Crohn Disease
Asef Khwaja, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Diagnostic Checklist

        TERMINOLOGY

        • Synonyms

          • Terminal ileitis, regional enteritis, ileocolitis
        • Definitions

          • Chronic, relapsing granulomatous inflammatory disease with predominant involvement of gastrointestinal tract

        IMAGING

        • General Features

          • Ultrasonographic Findings

            • Fluoroscopic Findings

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                    • Consider

                                      • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                        Selected References

                                        1. Baumgart DC et al: US-based Real-time Elastography for the Detection of Fibrotic Gut Tissue in Patients with Stricturing Crohn Disease. Radiology. 141929, 2015
                                        2. Anupindi SA et al: Imaging in the evaluation of the young patient with inflammatory bowel disease: what the gastroenterologist needs to know. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 59(4):429-39, 2014
                                        3. Anupindi SA et al: Common and uncommon applications of bowel ultrasound with pathologic correlation in children. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 202(5):946-59, 2014
                                        4. Novak KL et al: The role of ultrasound in the evaluation of inflammatory bowel disease. Semin Roentgenol. 48(3):224-33, 2013
                                        5. Rodgers PM et al: Transabdominal ultrasound for bowel evaluation. Radiol Clin North Am. 51(1):133-48, 2013
                                        6. Abraham BP et al: Fecal markers: calprotectin and lactoferrin. Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 41(2):483-95, 2012
                                        7. Anupindi SA et al: Bowel imaging in children: a comprehensive look using US and MRI. Semin Roentgenol. 47(2):118-26, 2012
                                        8. Baumgart DC et al: Crohn's disease. Lancet. 380(9853):1590-605, 2012
                                        9. Maturen KE et al: Ultrasound imaging of bowel pathology: technique and keys to diagnosis in the acute abdomen. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 197(6):W1067-75, 2011
                                        10. Darge K et al: Ultrasound of the bowel in children: how we do it. Pediatr Radiol. 40(4):528-36, 2010
                                        11. Anupindi SA et al: Imaging choices in inflammatory bowel disease. Pediatr Radiol. 39 Suppl 2:S149-52, 2009
                                        12. Alison M et al: Ultrasonography of Crohn disease in children. Pediatr Radiol. 37(11):1071-82, 2007
                                        13. Buck JL et al: Polypoid and pseudopolypoid manifestations of inflammatory bowel disease. Radiographics. 11(2):293-304, 1991
                                        Related Anatomy
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                                        Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                        References
                                        Tables

                                        Tables

                                        KEY FACTS

                                        • Terminology

                                          • Imaging

                                            • Diagnostic Checklist

                                              TERMINOLOGY

                                              • Synonyms

                                                • Terminal ileitis, regional enteritis, ileocolitis
                                              • Definitions

                                                • Chronic, relapsing granulomatous inflammatory disease with predominant involvement of gastrointestinal tract

                                              IMAGING

                                              • General Features

                                                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                  • Fluoroscopic Findings

                                                    • CT Findings

                                                      • MR Findings

                                                        • Imaging Recommendations

                                                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                            PATHOLOGY

                                                            • General Features

                                                              • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                  • Presentation

                                                                    • Demographics

                                                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                        • Treatment

                                                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                          • Consider

                                                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                              Selected References

                                                                              1. Baumgart DC et al: US-based Real-time Elastography for the Detection of Fibrotic Gut Tissue in Patients with Stricturing Crohn Disease. Radiology. 141929, 2015
                                                                              2. Anupindi SA et al: Imaging in the evaluation of the young patient with inflammatory bowel disease: what the gastroenterologist needs to know. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 59(4):429-39, 2014
                                                                              3. Anupindi SA et al: Common and uncommon applications of bowel ultrasound with pathologic correlation in children. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 202(5):946-59, 2014
                                                                              4. Novak KL et al: The role of ultrasound in the evaluation of inflammatory bowel disease. Semin Roentgenol. 48(3):224-33, 2013
                                                                              5. Rodgers PM et al: Transabdominal ultrasound for bowel evaluation. Radiol Clin North Am. 51(1):133-48, 2013
                                                                              6. Abraham BP et al: Fecal markers: calprotectin and lactoferrin. Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 41(2):483-95, 2012
                                                                              7. Anupindi SA et al: Bowel imaging in children: a comprehensive look using US and MRI. Semin Roentgenol. 47(2):118-26, 2012
                                                                              8. Baumgart DC et al: Crohn's disease. Lancet. 380(9853):1590-605, 2012
                                                                              9. Maturen KE et al: Ultrasound imaging of bowel pathology: technique and keys to diagnosis in the acute abdomen. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 197(6):W1067-75, 2011
                                                                              10. Darge K et al: Ultrasound of the bowel in children: how we do it. Pediatr Radiol. 40(4):528-36, 2010
                                                                              11. Anupindi SA et al: Imaging choices in inflammatory bowel disease. Pediatr Radiol. 39 Suppl 2:S149-52, 2009
                                                                              12. Alison M et al: Ultrasonography of Crohn disease in children. Pediatr Radiol. 37(11):1071-82, 2007
                                                                              13. Buck JL et al: Polypoid and pseudopolypoid manifestations of inflammatory bowel disease. Radiographics. 11(2):293-304, 1991