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CSF Flow Artifact
Kevin R. Moore, MD; Jeffrey S. Ross, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Definitions

              • CSF flow-related phenomenon due to time of flight (TOF) effects, turbulent flow

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Imaging Recommendations

                • MR Findings

                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                    PATHOLOGY

                    • General Features

                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                      • Demographics

                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                          • Image Interpretation Pearls

                            Selected References

                            1. Ryu KH et al: Initial clinical experience of synthetic MRI as a routine neuroimaging protocol in daily practice: a single-center study. J Neuroradiol. 47(2):151-60, 2020
                            2. Aoki R et al: Clinical significance of the CSF pulsation flow sign in the foramen of Monro on FLAIR in patients with aneurysmal SAH -preliminary report. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo). 59(7):271-80, 2019
                            3. Chokshi FH et al: Diagnostic quality of 3D T2-SPACE compared with T2-FSE in the evaluation of cervical spine MRI anatomy. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 38(4):846-50, 2017
                            4. Lavdas E et al: Reduction of motion, truncation and flow artifacts using BLADE sequences in cervical spine MR imaging. Magn Reson Imaging. 33(2):194-200, 2015
                            5. Kwon JW et al: Three-dimensional isotropic T2-weighted cervical MRI at 3T: comparison with two-dimensional T2-weighted sequences. Clin Radiol. 67(2):106-13, 2012
                            6. Ragoschke-Schumm A et al: Decreased CSF-flow artifacts in T2 imaging of the cervical spine with periodically rotated overlapping parallel lines with enhanced reconstruction (PROPELLER/BLADE). Neuroradiology. 53(1):13-8, 2011
                            7. Fellner C et al: BLADE in sagittal T2-weighted MR imaging of the cervical spine. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 31(4):674-81, 2010
                            8. Lavdas E et al: Comparison of T1-weighted fast spin-echo and T1-weighted fluid-attenuated inversion recovery images of the lumbar spine at 3.0 Tesla. Acta Radiol. 51(3):290-5, 2010
                            9. Fujiwara Y et al: [Suppression of CSF artifact in fast FLAIR sequence at 3.0 Tesla.] Nippon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi. 64(12):1513-21, 2008
                            10. Lisanti C et al: Normal MRI appearance and motion-related phenomena of CSF. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 188(3):716-25, 2007
                            Related Anatomy
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                            Related Differential Diagnoses
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                            References
                            Tables

                            Tables

                            KEY FACTS

                            • Terminology

                              • Imaging

                                • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                  • Clinical Issues

                                    • Diagnostic Checklist

                                      TERMINOLOGY

                                      • Definitions

                                        • CSF flow-related phenomenon due to time of flight (TOF) effects, turbulent flow

                                      IMAGING

                                      • General Features

                                        • Imaging Recommendations

                                          • MR Findings

                                            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                              PATHOLOGY

                                              • General Features

                                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                • Demographics

                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                      Selected References

                                                      1. Ryu KH et al: Initial clinical experience of synthetic MRI as a routine neuroimaging protocol in daily practice: a single-center study. J Neuroradiol. 47(2):151-60, 2020
                                                      2. Aoki R et al: Clinical significance of the CSF pulsation flow sign in the foramen of Monro on FLAIR in patients with aneurysmal SAH -preliminary report. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo). 59(7):271-80, 2019
                                                      3. Chokshi FH et al: Diagnostic quality of 3D T2-SPACE compared with T2-FSE in the evaluation of cervical spine MRI anatomy. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 38(4):846-50, 2017
                                                      4. Lavdas E et al: Reduction of motion, truncation and flow artifacts using BLADE sequences in cervical spine MR imaging. Magn Reson Imaging. 33(2):194-200, 2015
                                                      5. Kwon JW et al: Three-dimensional isotropic T2-weighted cervical MRI at 3T: comparison with two-dimensional T2-weighted sequences. Clin Radiol. 67(2):106-13, 2012
                                                      6. Ragoschke-Schumm A et al: Decreased CSF-flow artifacts in T2 imaging of the cervical spine with periodically rotated overlapping parallel lines with enhanced reconstruction (PROPELLER/BLADE). Neuroradiology. 53(1):13-8, 2011
                                                      7. Fellner C et al: BLADE in sagittal T2-weighted MR imaging of the cervical spine. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 31(4):674-81, 2010
                                                      8. Lavdas E et al: Comparison of T1-weighted fast spin-echo and T1-weighted fluid-attenuated inversion recovery images of the lumbar spine at 3.0 Tesla. Acta Radiol. 51(3):290-5, 2010
                                                      9. Fujiwara Y et al: [Suppression of CSF artifact in fast FLAIR sequence at 3.0 Tesla.] Nippon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi. 64(12):1513-21, 2008
                                                      10. Lisanti C et al: Normal MRI appearance and motion-related phenomena of CSF. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 188(3):716-25, 2007