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CT Technique and Anatomy
Marc S. Tubay, MD; Refky Nicola, MS, DO
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KEY FACTS

  • Preprocedure

    • Procedure

      TERMINOLOGY

      • Abbreviations

        • Computed tomography (CT)
        • CT angiography (CTA)

      PREPROCEDURE

      • Indications

        • Contraindications

          • Getting Started

            PROCEDURE

            • Patient Position/Location

              • Alternative Procedures/Therapies

                • Advantages

                  • Disadvantages

                    • CT Technique

                      • CT Anatomy

                        • Pelvic Pathology

                          OUTCOMES

                          • Complications

                            Selected References

                            1. Bhatt S et al: Value of "three dimensional multidetector CT hysterosalpingography" in infertile patients with non-contributory hysterosalpingography: a prospective study. J Reprod Infertil. 18(3):323-32, 2017
                            2. Katz DS et al: Computed tomography imaging of the acute pelvis in females. Can Assoc Radiol J. 64(2):108-18, 2013
                            3. Botsikas D et al: A new MDCT technique for the detection and anatomical exploration of urogenital fistulas. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 198(2):W160-2, 2012
                            4. Sierra A et al: Utility of multidetector CT in severe postpartum hemorrhage. Radiographics. 32(5):1463-81, 2012
                            5. Yitta S et al: Normal or abnormal? Demystifying uterine and cervical contrast enhancement at multidetector CT. Radiographics. 31(3):647-61, 2011
                            6. Carrascosa PM et al: Virtual hysterosalpingography: a new multidetector CT technique for evaluating the female reproductive system. Radiographics. 30(3):643-61, 2010
                            7. Cano Alonso R et al: Role of multidetector CT in the management of acute female pelvic disease. Emerg Radiol. 16(6):453-72, 2009
                            8. Yitta S et al: Added value of multiplanar reformation in the multidetector CT evaluation of the female pelvis: a pictorial review. Radiographics. 29(7):1987-2003, 2009
                            9. Chen MM et al: Guidelines for computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging use during pregnancy and lactation. Obstet Gynecol. 112(2 Pt 1):333-40, 2008
                            10. Grossman J et al: Efficacy of contrast-enhanced CT in assessing the endometrium. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 191(3):664-9, 2008
                            11. Potter AW et al: US and CT evaluation of acute pelvic pain of gynecologic origin in nonpregnant premenopausal patients. Radiographics. 28(6):1645-59, 2008
                            12. Choi HJ et al: Computed tomography findings of ovarian metastases from colon cancer: comparison with primary malignant ovarian tumors. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 29(1):69-73, 2005
                            13. Funt SA et al: Role of CT in the management of recurrent ovarian cancer. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 182(2):393-8, 2004
                            14. Saksouk FA et al: Recognition of the ovaries and ovarian origin of pelvic masses with CT. Radiographics. 24 Suppl 1:S133-46, 2004
                            15. Fielding JR: MR imaging of the female pelvis. Radiol Clin North Am. 41(1):179-92, 2003
                            16. Follen M et al: Imaging in cervical cancer. Cancer. 98(9 Suppl):2028-38, 2003
                            17. Jeong YY et al: Uterine cervical carcinoma after therapy: CT and MR imaging findings. Radiographics. 23(4):969-81; discussion 981, 2003
                            18. Kido A et al: Diffusely enlarged uterus: evaluation with MR imaging. Radiographics. 23(6):1423-39, 2003
                            19. Pannu HK et al: Multidetector CT of peritoneal carcinomatosis from ovarian cancer. Radiographics. 23(3):687-701, 2003
                            20. Togashi K: Ovarian cancer: the clinical role of US, CT, and MRI. Eur Radiol. 13 Suppl 4:L87-104, 2003
                            21. Bennett GL et al: Gynecologic causes of acute pelvic pain: spectrum of CT findings. Radiographics. 22:785-801, 2002
                            22. Outwater EK et al: Ovarian teratomas: tumor types and imaging characteristics. Radiographics. 21(2):475-90, 2001
                            23. Pannu HK et al: CT evaluation of cervical cancer: spectrum of disease. Radiographics. 21(5):1155-68, 2001
                            24. Hopper KD et al: Body CT and oncologic imaging. Radiology. 215(1):27-40, 2000
                            25. Hricak H et al: Complex adnexal masses: detection and characterization with MR imaging--multivariate analysis. Radiology. 214(1):39-46, 2000
                            26. Jeong YY et al: Imaging evaluation of ovarian masses. Radiographics. 20(5):1445-70, 2000
                            27. Kawamoto S et al: CT of epithelial ovarian tumors. Radiographics. 19 Spec No:S85-102; quiz S263-4, 1999
                            28. Kubik-Huch RA: Female pelvis. Eur Radiol. 9(9):1715-21, 1999
                            Related Anatomy
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                            Related Differential Diagnoses
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                            References
                            Tables

                            Tables

                            KEY FACTS

                            • Preprocedure

                              • Procedure

                                TERMINOLOGY

                                • Abbreviations

                                  • Computed tomography (CT)
                                  • CT angiography (CTA)

                                PREPROCEDURE

                                • Indications

                                  • Contraindications

                                    • Getting Started

                                      PROCEDURE

                                      • Patient Position/Location

                                        • Alternative Procedures/Therapies

                                          • Advantages

                                            • Disadvantages

                                              • CT Technique

                                                • CT Anatomy

                                                  • Pelvic Pathology

                                                    OUTCOMES

                                                    • Complications

                                                      Selected References

                                                      1. Bhatt S et al: Value of "three dimensional multidetector CT hysterosalpingography" in infertile patients with non-contributory hysterosalpingography: a prospective study. J Reprod Infertil. 18(3):323-32, 2017
                                                      2. Katz DS et al: Computed tomography imaging of the acute pelvis in females. Can Assoc Radiol J. 64(2):108-18, 2013
                                                      3. Botsikas D et al: A new MDCT technique for the detection and anatomical exploration of urogenital fistulas. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 198(2):W160-2, 2012
                                                      4. Sierra A et al: Utility of multidetector CT in severe postpartum hemorrhage. Radiographics. 32(5):1463-81, 2012
                                                      5. Yitta S et al: Normal or abnormal? Demystifying uterine and cervical contrast enhancement at multidetector CT. Radiographics. 31(3):647-61, 2011
                                                      6. Carrascosa PM et al: Virtual hysterosalpingography: a new multidetector CT technique for evaluating the female reproductive system. Radiographics. 30(3):643-61, 2010
                                                      7. Cano Alonso R et al: Role of multidetector CT in the management of acute female pelvic disease. Emerg Radiol. 16(6):453-72, 2009
                                                      8. Yitta S et al: Added value of multiplanar reformation in the multidetector CT evaluation of the female pelvis: a pictorial review. Radiographics. 29(7):1987-2003, 2009
                                                      9. Chen MM et al: Guidelines for computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging use during pregnancy and lactation. Obstet Gynecol. 112(2 Pt 1):333-40, 2008
                                                      10. Grossman J et al: Efficacy of contrast-enhanced CT in assessing the endometrium. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 191(3):664-9, 2008
                                                      11. Potter AW et al: US and CT evaluation of acute pelvic pain of gynecologic origin in nonpregnant premenopausal patients. Radiographics. 28(6):1645-59, 2008
                                                      12. Choi HJ et al: Computed tomography findings of ovarian metastases from colon cancer: comparison with primary malignant ovarian tumors. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 29(1):69-73, 2005
                                                      13. Funt SA et al: Role of CT in the management of recurrent ovarian cancer. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 182(2):393-8, 2004
                                                      14. Saksouk FA et al: Recognition of the ovaries and ovarian origin of pelvic masses with CT. Radiographics. 24 Suppl 1:S133-46, 2004
                                                      15. Fielding JR: MR imaging of the female pelvis. Radiol Clin North Am. 41(1):179-92, 2003
                                                      16. Follen M et al: Imaging in cervical cancer. Cancer. 98(9 Suppl):2028-38, 2003
                                                      17. Jeong YY et al: Uterine cervical carcinoma after therapy: CT and MR imaging findings. Radiographics. 23(4):969-81; discussion 981, 2003
                                                      18. Kido A et al: Diffusely enlarged uterus: evaluation with MR imaging. Radiographics. 23(6):1423-39, 2003
                                                      19. Pannu HK et al: Multidetector CT of peritoneal carcinomatosis from ovarian cancer. Radiographics. 23(3):687-701, 2003
                                                      20. Togashi K: Ovarian cancer: the clinical role of US, CT, and MRI. Eur Radiol. 13 Suppl 4:L87-104, 2003
                                                      21. Bennett GL et al: Gynecologic causes of acute pelvic pain: spectrum of CT findings. Radiographics. 22:785-801, 2002
                                                      22. Outwater EK et al: Ovarian teratomas: tumor types and imaging characteristics. Radiographics. 21(2):475-90, 2001
                                                      23. Pannu HK et al: CT evaluation of cervical cancer: spectrum of disease. Radiographics. 21(5):1155-68, 2001
                                                      24. Hopper KD et al: Body CT and oncologic imaging. Radiology. 215(1):27-40, 2000
                                                      25. Hricak H et al: Complex adnexal masses: detection and characterization with MR imaging--multivariate analysis. Radiology. 214(1):39-46, 2000
                                                      26. Jeong YY et al: Imaging evaluation of ovarian masses. Radiographics. 20(5):1445-70, 2000
                                                      27. Kawamoto S et al: CT of epithelial ovarian tumors. Radiographics. 19 Spec No:S85-102; quiz S263-4, 1999
                                                      28. Kubik-Huch RA: Female pelvis. Eur Radiol. 9(9):1715-21, 1999