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Cystic Nephroma
Barton F. Lane, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Abbreviations

              • Pediatric cystic nephroma [multilocular cystic nephroma (MLCN)]
              • Adult cystic nephroma [now classified with mixed epithelial & stromal tumor (MEST)]
            • Synonyms

              • Cystic nephroma, multilocular cystic renal tumor
            • Definitions

              • Rare, nonhereditary, benign, cystic renal neoplasm containing epithelial & stromal components

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                            • Microscopic Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      Selected References

                                      1. Narayanasamy S et al: Contemporary update on imaging of cystic renal masses with histopathological correlation and emphasis on patient management. Clin Radiol. 74(2):83-94, 2019
                                      2. Moch H et al: The 2016 WHO Classification of tumours of the urinary system and male genital organs-part a: renal, penile, and testicular tumours. Eur Urol. 70(1):93-105, 2016
                                      3. Wood CG 3rd et al: CT and MR imaging for evaluation of cystic renal lesions and diseases. Radiographics. 35(1):125-41, 2015
                                      4. Wilkinson C et al: Adult multilocular cystic nephroma: report of six cases with clinical, radio-pathologic correlation and review of literature. Urol Ann. 5(1):13-7, 2013
                                      5. McArthur C et al: Current and potential renal applications of contrast-enhanced ultrasound. Clin Radiol. 67(9):909-22, 2012
                                      6. Lane BR et al: Adult cystic nephroma and mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney: clinical, radiographic, and pathologic characteristics. Urology. 71(6):1142-8, 2008
                                      7. Hopkins JK et al: Best cases from the AFIP: cystic nephroma. Radiographics. 24(2):589-93, 2004
                                      Related Anatomy
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                                      Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                      References
                                      Tables

                                      Tables

                                      KEY FACTS

                                      • Terminology

                                        • Imaging

                                          • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                            • Clinical Issues

                                              • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                TERMINOLOGY

                                                • Abbreviations

                                                  • Pediatric cystic nephroma [multilocular cystic nephroma (MLCN)]
                                                  • Adult cystic nephroma [now classified with mixed epithelial & stromal tumor (MEST)]
                                                • Synonyms

                                                  • Cystic nephroma, multilocular cystic renal tumor
                                                • Definitions

                                                  • Rare, nonhereditary, benign, cystic renal neoplasm containing epithelial & stromal components

                                                IMAGING

                                                • General Features

                                                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                    • CT Findings

                                                      • MR Findings

                                                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                          PATHOLOGY

                                                          • General Features

                                                            • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                • Microscopic Features

                                                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                  • Presentation

                                                                    • Demographics

                                                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                        • Treatment

                                                                          Selected References

                                                                          1. Narayanasamy S et al: Contemporary update on imaging of cystic renal masses with histopathological correlation and emphasis on patient management. Clin Radiol. 74(2):83-94, 2019
                                                                          2. Moch H et al: The 2016 WHO Classification of tumours of the urinary system and male genital organs-part a: renal, penile, and testicular tumours. Eur Urol. 70(1):93-105, 2016
                                                                          3. Wood CG 3rd et al: CT and MR imaging for evaluation of cystic renal lesions and diseases. Radiographics. 35(1):125-41, 2015
                                                                          4. Wilkinson C et al: Adult multilocular cystic nephroma: report of six cases with clinical, radio-pathologic correlation and review of literature. Urol Ann. 5(1):13-7, 2013
                                                                          5. McArthur C et al: Current and potential renal applications of contrast-enhanced ultrasound. Clin Radiol. 67(9):909-22, 2012
                                                                          6. Lane BR et al: Adult cystic nephroma and mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney: clinical, radiographic, and pathologic characteristics. Urology. 71(6):1142-8, 2008
                                                                          7. Hopkins JK et al: Best cases from the AFIP: cystic nephroma. Radiographics. 24(2):589-93, 2004