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Cystic Thyroid Nodule
Evelyn W. K. Tang, MBBS, FRCR; Yolanda Y. P. Lee, MBChB, FRCR; Eric K. C. Law, MBChB, FRCR
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DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

    ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

    • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

      • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

        • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

          • Helpful Clues for Rare Diagnoses

            Selected References

            1. Park HS et al: Ethanol ablation as a treatment strategy for benign cystic thyroid nodules: a comparison of the ethanol retention and aspiration techniques. Ultrasonography. ePub, 2018
            2. Choi WJ et al: Management of cystic or predominantly cystic thyroid nodules: role of simple aspiration of internal fluid. Endocr Res. 40(4):215-9, 2015
            3. Kim JY et al: Differentiation of benign and malignant thyroid nodules based on the proportion of sponge-like areas on ultrasonography: imaging-pathologic correlation. Ultrasonography. 34(4):304-11, 2015
            4. Frates MC et al: Subacute granulomatous (de Quervain) thyroiditis: grayscale and color Doppler sonographic characteristics. J Ultrasound Med. 32(3):505-11, 2013
            5. Sofferman RA et al: Ultrasound of the Thyroid and Parathyroid Glands. New York: Springer. 61-150, 2012
            6. Anil G et al: Thyroid nodules: risk stratification for malignancy with ultrasound and guided biopsy. Cancer Imaging. 11:209-23, 2011
            7. Ito Y et al: Thyroid ultrasonography. World J Surg. 34(6):1171-80, 2010
            8. Moon HJ et al: Can vascularity at power Doppler US help predict thyroid malignancy? Radiology. 255(1):260-9, 2010
            9. Bonavita JA et al: Pattern recognition of benign nodules at ultrasound of the thyroid: which nodules can be left alone? AJR Am J Roentgenol. 193(1):207-13, 2009
            10. Moon WJ et al: Are there any specific ultrasound findings of nodular hyperplasia ("leave me alone" lesion) to differentiate it from follicular adenoma? Acta Radiol. 50(4):383-8, 2009
            11. Moon WJ et al: Benign and malignant thyroid nodules: US differentiation--multicenter retrospective study. Radiology. 247(3):762-70, 2008
            12. Ahuja AT et al: Diagnostic Imaging: Ultrasound. 1st ed. Salt Lake City: Amirsys Publishing, Inc. 11-6-35, 2007
            13. Hoang JK et al: US Features of thyroid malignancy: pearls and pitfalls. Radiographics. 27(3):847-60; discussion 861-5, 2007
            14. Frates MC et al: Management of thyroid nodules detected at US: Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound consensus conference statement. Ultrasound Q. 22(4):231-8; discussion 239-40, 2006
            15. Frates MC et al: Management of thyroid nodules detected at US: Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound consensus conference statement. Radiology. 237(3):794-800, 2005
            16. Hegedüs L: Thyroid ultrasound. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 30(2):339-60, viii-ix, 2001
            17. Marqusee E et al: Usefulness of ultrasonography in the management of nodular thyroid disease. Ann Intern Med. 133(9):696-700, 2000
            Related Anatomy
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            References
            Tables

            Tables

            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

              ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

              • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

                • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

                  • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

                    • Helpful Clues for Rare Diagnoses

                      Selected References

                      1. Park HS et al: Ethanol ablation as a treatment strategy for benign cystic thyroid nodules: a comparison of the ethanol retention and aspiration techniques. Ultrasonography. ePub, 2018
                      2. Choi WJ et al: Management of cystic or predominantly cystic thyroid nodules: role of simple aspiration of internal fluid. Endocr Res. 40(4):215-9, 2015
                      3. Kim JY et al: Differentiation of benign and malignant thyroid nodules based on the proportion of sponge-like areas on ultrasonography: imaging-pathologic correlation. Ultrasonography. 34(4):304-11, 2015
                      4. Frates MC et al: Subacute granulomatous (de Quervain) thyroiditis: grayscale and color Doppler sonographic characteristics. J Ultrasound Med. 32(3):505-11, 2013
                      5. Sofferman RA et al: Ultrasound of the Thyroid and Parathyroid Glands. New York: Springer. 61-150, 2012
                      6. Anil G et al: Thyroid nodules: risk stratification for malignancy with ultrasound and guided biopsy. Cancer Imaging. 11:209-23, 2011
                      7. Ito Y et al: Thyroid ultrasonography. World J Surg. 34(6):1171-80, 2010
                      8. Moon HJ et al: Can vascularity at power Doppler US help predict thyroid malignancy? Radiology. 255(1):260-9, 2010
                      9. Bonavita JA et al: Pattern recognition of benign nodules at ultrasound of the thyroid: which nodules can be left alone? AJR Am J Roentgenol. 193(1):207-13, 2009
                      10. Moon WJ et al: Are there any specific ultrasound findings of nodular hyperplasia ("leave me alone" lesion) to differentiate it from follicular adenoma? Acta Radiol. 50(4):383-8, 2009
                      11. Moon WJ et al: Benign and malignant thyroid nodules: US differentiation--multicenter retrospective study. Radiology. 247(3):762-70, 2008
                      12. Ahuja AT et al: Diagnostic Imaging: Ultrasound. 1st ed. Salt Lake City: Amirsys Publishing, Inc. 11-6-35, 2007
                      13. Hoang JK et al: US Features of thyroid malignancy: pearls and pitfalls. Radiographics. 27(3):847-60; discussion 861-5, 2007
                      14. Frates MC et al: Management of thyroid nodules detected at US: Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound consensus conference statement. Ultrasound Q. 22(4):231-8; discussion 239-40, 2006
                      15. Frates MC et al: Management of thyroid nodules detected at US: Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound consensus conference statement. Radiology. 237(3):794-800, 2005
                      16. Hegedüs L: Thyroid ultrasound. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 30(2):339-60, viii-ix, 2001
                      17. Marqusee E et al: Usefulness of ultrasonography in the management of nodular thyroid disease. Ann Intern Med. 133(9):696-700, 2000