link
Bookmarks
Dermoid and Epidermoid Cyst
Bernadette L. Koch, MD
To access 4,300 diagnoses written by the world's leading experts in radiology, please log in or subscribe.Log inSubscribe
0
0
0
0

KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Diagnostic Checklist

        TERMINOLOGY

        • Synonyms

          • Developmental cyst, ectodermal inclusion cyst, dermoid cyst
        • Definitions

          • Cystic mass resulting from congenital epithelial inclusion or rest
            • Epidermoid: Epithelial elements only
            • Dermoid: Epithelial elements plus dermal substructure, including dermal appendages

        IMAGING

        • General Features

          • CT Findings

            • MR Findings

              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                • Imaging Recommendations

                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                    PATHOLOGY

                    • General Features

                      • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                          • Microscopic Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                      Selected References

                                      1. Naik MN et al: Foam sclerotherapy for periorbital dermoid cysts. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg. 30(3):267-70, 2014
                                      2. Golden BA et al: Craniofacial and orbital dermoids in children. Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am. 24(3):417-25, 2012
                                      3. Cavazza S et al: Orbital dermoid cyst of childhood: clinical pathologic findings, classification and management. Int Ophthalmol. 31(2):93-7, 2011
                                      4. Al-Khateeb TH et al: Cutaneous cysts of the head and neck. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 67(1):52-7, 2009
                                      5. Islam S et al: Parotid dermoid cyst: a rare entity. J Laryngol Otol. 123(2):e7, 2009
                                      6. Papadogeorgakis N et al: Surgical management of a large median dermoid cyst of the neck causing airway obstruction. A case report. Oral Maxillofac Surg. 13(3):181-4, 2009
                                      7. Tan JC et al: Complex choristoma masquerading as a dacryocystocele. Arch Ophthalmol. 127(6):823-6, 2009
                                      8. Lee SS et al: Refinement in technique for pediatric dermoid cyst excision: technical note. Plast Reconstr Surg. 122(4):1059-61, 2008
                                      9. Sari A et al: Atypical presentation of an intraorbital dermoid cyst. J Craniofac Surg. 19(6):1715-6, 2008
                                      10. Golden RP et al: Percutaneous drainage and ablation of orbital dermoid cysts. J AAPOS. 11(5):438-42, 2007
                                      11. Suzuki C et al: Apparent diffusion coefficient of subcutaneous epidermal cysts in the head and neck comparison with intracranial epidermoid cysts. Acad Radiol. 14(9):1020-8, 2007
                                      12. Hedlund G: Congenital frontonasal masses: developmental anatomy, malformations, and MR imaging. Pediatr Radiol. 36(7):647-62; quiz 726-7, 2006
                                      13. Kim IK et al: Coexisting sublingual and submental dermoid cysts in an infant. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 102(6):778-81, 2006
                                      14. Yilmaz I et al: Giant sublingual epidermoid cyst: a report of two cases. J Laryngol Otol. 120(3):E19, 2006
                                      15. Bodner L et al: Dermoid cyst of the maxilla. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 34(4):453-5, 2005
                                      16. Charrier JB et al: Craniofacial dermoids: an embryological theory unifying nasal dermoid sinus cysts. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 42(1):51-7, 2005
                                      17. van Aalst JA et al: "Keystone" approach for intracranial nasofrontal dermoid sinuses. Plast Reconstr Surg. 116(1):13-9, 2005
                                      18. Din SU: Dermoid cyst of the floor of mouth. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 13(7):416-7, 2003
                                      19. Ho MW et al: Simultaneous occurrence of sublingual dermoid cyst and oral alimentary tract cyst in an infant: a case report and review of the literature. Int J Paediatr Dent. 13(6):441-6, 2003
                                      20. Longo F et al: Midline (dermoid) cysts of the floor of the mouth: report of 16 cases and review of surgical techniques. Plast Reconstr Surg. 112(6):1560-5, 2003
                                      21. Rahbar R et al: The presentation and management of nasal dermoid: a 30-year experience. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 129(4):464-71, 2003
                                      22. Fuchshuber S et al: Dermoid cyst of the floor of the mouth--a case report. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 259(2):60-2, 2002
                                      23. Mathews J et al: True lateral dermoid cyst of the floor of the mouth. J Laryngol Otol. 115(4):333-5, 2001
                                      24. Torske KR et al: Dermoid cyst of the maxillary sinus. Ann Diagn Pathol. 5(3):172-6, 2001
                                      25. Myssiorek D et al: Intralingual dermoid cysts: a report of two new cases. Ear Nose Throat J. 79(5):380-3, 2000
                                      26. Godden DR et al: Sliding dermoid cyst. A case report. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 28(6):459-60, 1999
                                      27. Yousem DM et al: Oral cavity and pharynx. Radiol Clin North Am. 36(5):967-81, vii, 1998
                                      28. Miles LP et al: Congenital dermoid cyst of the tongue. J Laryngol Otol. 111(12):1179-82, 1997
                                      29. Oygur T et al: Oral congenital dermoid cyst in the floor of the mouth of a newborn. The significance of gastrointestinal-type epithelium. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 74(5):627-30, 1992
                                      30. Tuffin JR et al: True lateral dermoid cyst of the neck. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 20(5):275-6, 1991
                                      31. al-Khayat M et al: Midline sublingual dermoid cyst. J Laryngol Otol. 104(7):578-80, 1990
                                      32. Arcand P et al: Congenital dermoid cyst of the oral cavity with gastric choristoma. J Otolaryngol. 17(5):219-22, 1988
                                      33. Howell CJ: The sublingual dermoid cyst. Report of five cases and review of the literature. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 59(6):578-80, 1985
                                      34. Gibson WS Jr et al: Congenital sublingual dermoid cyst. Arch Otolaryngol. 108(11):745-8, 1982
                                      35. Oatis GW Jr et al: Dermoid cyst of the floor of the mouth. Report of a case. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 39(2):192-6, 1975
                                      36. Meyer I: Dermoid cysts (dermoids) of the floor of the mouth. J Oral Surg (Chic). 8(11):1149-64, 1955
                                      Related Anatomy
                                      Loading...
                                      Related Differential Diagnoses
                                      Loading...
                                      References
                                      Tables

                                      Tables

                                      KEY FACTS

                                      • Terminology

                                        • Imaging

                                          • Diagnostic Checklist

                                            TERMINOLOGY

                                            • Synonyms

                                              • Developmental cyst, ectodermal inclusion cyst, dermoid cyst
                                            • Definitions

                                              • Cystic mass resulting from congenital epithelial inclusion or rest
                                                • Epidermoid: Epithelial elements only
                                                • Dermoid: Epithelial elements plus dermal substructure, including dermal appendages

                                            IMAGING

                                            • General Features

                                              • CT Findings

                                                • MR Findings

                                                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                        PATHOLOGY

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                              • Microscopic Features

                                                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                • Presentation

                                                                  • Demographics

                                                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                      • Treatment

                                                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                          Selected References

                                                                          1. Naik MN et al: Foam sclerotherapy for periorbital dermoid cysts. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg. 30(3):267-70, 2014
                                                                          2. Golden BA et al: Craniofacial and orbital dermoids in children. Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am. 24(3):417-25, 2012
                                                                          3. Cavazza S et al: Orbital dermoid cyst of childhood: clinical pathologic findings, classification and management. Int Ophthalmol. 31(2):93-7, 2011
                                                                          4. Al-Khateeb TH et al: Cutaneous cysts of the head and neck. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 67(1):52-7, 2009
                                                                          5. Islam S et al: Parotid dermoid cyst: a rare entity. J Laryngol Otol. 123(2):e7, 2009
                                                                          6. Papadogeorgakis N et al: Surgical management of a large median dermoid cyst of the neck causing airway obstruction. A case report. Oral Maxillofac Surg. 13(3):181-4, 2009
                                                                          7. Tan JC et al: Complex choristoma masquerading as a dacryocystocele. Arch Ophthalmol. 127(6):823-6, 2009
                                                                          8. Lee SS et al: Refinement in technique for pediatric dermoid cyst excision: technical note. Plast Reconstr Surg. 122(4):1059-61, 2008
                                                                          9. Sari A et al: Atypical presentation of an intraorbital dermoid cyst. J Craniofac Surg. 19(6):1715-6, 2008
                                                                          10. Golden RP et al: Percutaneous drainage and ablation of orbital dermoid cysts. J AAPOS. 11(5):438-42, 2007
                                                                          11. Suzuki C et al: Apparent diffusion coefficient of subcutaneous epidermal cysts in the head and neck comparison with intracranial epidermoid cysts. Acad Radiol. 14(9):1020-8, 2007
                                                                          12. Hedlund G: Congenital frontonasal masses: developmental anatomy, malformations, and MR imaging. Pediatr Radiol. 36(7):647-62; quiz 726-7, 2006
                                                                          13. Kim IK et al: Coexisting sublingual and submental dermoid cysts in an infant. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 102(6):778-81, 2006
                                                                          14. Yilmaz I et al: Giant sublingual epidermoid cyst: a report of two cases. J Laryngol Otol. 120(3):E19, 2006
                                                                          15. Bodner L et al: Dermoid cyst of the maxilla. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 34(4):453-5, 2005
                                                                          16. Charrier JB et al: Craniofacial dermoids: an embryological theory unifying nasal dermoid sinus cysts. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 42(1):51-7, 2005
                                                                          17. van Aalst JA et al: "Keystone" approach for intracranial nasofrontal dermoid sinuses. Plast Reconstr Surg. 116(1):13-9, 2005
                                                                          18. Din SU: Dermoid cyst of the floor of mouth. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 13(7):416-7, 2003
                                                                          19. Ho MW et al: Simultaneous occurrence of sublingual dermoid cyst and oral alimentary tract cyst in an infant: a case report and review of the literature. Int J Paediatr Dent. 13(6):441-6, 2003
                                                                          20. Longo F et al: Midline (dermoid) cysts of the floor of the mouth: report of 16 cases and review of surgical techniques. Plast Reconstr Surg. 112(6):1560-5, 2003
                                                                          21. Rahbar R et al: The presentation and management of nasal dermoid: a 30-year experience. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 129(4):464-71, 2003
                                                                          22. Fuchshuber S et al: Dermoid cyst of the floor of the mouth--a case report. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 259(2):60-2, 2002
                                                                          23. Mathews J et al: True lateral dermoid cyst of the floor of the mouth. J Laryngol Otol. 115(4):333-5, 2001
                                                                          24. Torske KR et al: Dermoid cyst of the maxillary sinus. Ann Diagn Pathol. 5(3):172-6, 2001
                                                                          25. Myssiorek D et al: Intralingual dermoid cysts: a report of two new cases. Ear Nose Throat J. 79(5):380-3, 2000
                                                                          26. Godden DR et al: Sliding dermoid cyst. A case report. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 28(6):459-60, 1999
                                                                          27. Yousem DM et al: Oral cavity and pharynx. Radiol Clin North Am. 36(5):967-81, vii, 1998
                                                                          28. Miles LP et al: Congenital dermoid cyst of the tongue. J Laryngol Otol. 111(12):1179-82, 1997
                                                                          29. Oygur T et al: Oral congenital dermoid cyst in the floor of the mouth of a newborn. The significance of gastrointestinal-type epithelium. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 74(5):627-30, 1992
                                                                          30. Tuffin JR et al: True lateral dermoid cyst of the neck. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 20(5):275-6, 1991
                                                                          31. al-Khayat M et al: Midline sublingual dermoid cyst. J Laryngol Otol. 104(7):578-80, 1990
                                                                          32. Arcand P et al: Congenital dermoid cyst of the oral cavity with gastric choristoma. J Otolaryngol. 17(5):219-22, 1988
                                                                          33. Howell CJ: The sublingual dermoid cyst. Report of five cases and review of the literature. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 59(6):578-80, 1985
                                                                          34. Gibson WS Jr et al: Congenital sublingual dermoid cyst. Arch Otolaryngol. 108(11):745-8, 1982
                                                                          35. Oatis GW Jr et al: Dermoid cyst of the floor of the mouth. Report of a case. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 39(2):192-6, 1975
                                                                          36. Meyer I: Dermoid cysts (dermoids) of the floor of the mouth. J Oral Surg (Chic). 8(11):1149-64, 1955