link
Bookmarks
Dermoid (Mature Teratoma)
Akram M. Shaaban, MBBCh; Sandra J. Allison, MD; Deborah Levine, MD, FACR
To access 4,300 diagnoses written by the world's leading experts in radiology, please log in or subscribe.Log inSubscribe
0
11
2
2

KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Synonyms

            • Dermoid cyst
            • Mature cystic teratoma
          • Definitions

            • Congenital cystic tumor composed of well-differentiated derivations from at least 2 of 3 germ cell layers
            • Classified as benign ovarian germ cell tumor

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • CT Findings

              • MR Findings

                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                  • Imaging of Complications

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                        • Microscopic Features

                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                          • Presentation

                            • Demographics

                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                • Treatment

                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                  • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                    Selected References

                                    1. Shaaban AM et al: Ovarian malignant germ cell tumors: cellular classification and clinical and imaging features. Radiographics. 34(3):777-801, 2014
                                    2. Chaudhry S et al: Squamous cell carcinoma arising in mature cystic teratoma (dermoid cyst)--a rare presentation. J Pak Med Assoc. 63(4):521-3, 2013
                                    3. Momtahen A et al: Mature ovarian cystic teratoma (dermoid cyst). Ultrasound Q. 28(3):175-7, 2012
                                    4. Park SB et al: Imaging findings of complications and unusual manifestations of ovarian teratomas. Radiographics. 28(4):969-83, 2008
                                    5. Luk J et al: The superinfection of a dermoid cyst. Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol. 2007:41473, 2007
                                    6. Rim SY et al: Malignant transformation of ovarian mature cystic teratoma. Int J Gynecol Cancer. 16(1):140-4, 2006
                                    7. Yazici B et al: Floating ball appearance in ovarian cystic teratoma. Diagn Interv Radiol. 12(3):136-8, 2006
                                    8. Zagame L et al: Growing teratoma syndrome after ovarian germ cell tumors. Obstet Gynecol. 108(3 Pt 1):509-14, 2006
                                    9. Nakayama T et al: Diffusion-weighted echo-planar MR imaging and ADC mapping in the differential diagnosis of ovarian cystic masses: usefulness of detecting keratinoid substances in mature cystic teratomas. J Magn Reson Imaging. 22(2):271-8, 2005
                                    10. Pereira JM et al: CT and MR imaging of extrahepatic fatty masses of the abdomen and pelvis: techniques, diagnosis, differential diagnosis, and pitfalls. Radiographics. 25(1):69-85, 2005
                                    11. Wootton-Gorges SL et al: Giant cystic abdominal masses in children. Pediatr Radiol. 35(12):1277-88, 2005
                                    12. Kim KA et al: Benign ovarian tumors with solid and cystic components that mimic malignancy. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 182(5):1259-65, 2004
                                    13. Jung SE et al: CT and MR imaging of ovarian tumors with emphasis on differential diagnosis. Radiographics. 22(6):1305-25, 2002
                                    14. Kim HC et al: Fluid-fluid levels in ovarian teratomas. Abdom Imaging. 27(1):100-5, 2002
                                    15. Outwater EK et al: Ovarian teratomas: tumor types and imaging characteristics. Radiographics. 21(2):475-90, 2001
                                    16. Jeong YY et al: Imaging evaluation of ovarian masses. Radiographics. 20(5):1445-70, 2000
                                    Related Anatomy
                                    Loading...
                                    Related Differential Diagnoses
                                    Loading...
                                    References
                                    Tables

                                    Tables

                                    KEY FACTS

                                    • Terminology

                                      • Imaging

                                        • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                          • Clinical Issues

                                            TERMINOLOGY

                                            • Synonyms

                                              • Dermoid cyst
                                              • Mature cystic teratoma
                                            • Definitions

                                              • Congenital cystic tumor composed of well-differentiated derivations from at least 2 of 3 germ cell layers
                                              • Classified as benign ovarian germ cell tumor

                                            IMAGING

                                            • General Features

                                              • CT Findings

                                                • MR Findings

                                                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                    • Imaging of Complications

                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                        PATHOLOGY

                                                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                          • Microscopic Features

                                                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                            • Presentation

                                                              • Demographics

                                                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                  • Treatment

                                                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                      Selected References

                                                                      1. Shaaban AM et al: Ovarian malignant germ cell tumors: cellular classification and clinical and imaging features. Radiographics. 34(3):777-801, 2014
                                                                      2. Chaudhry S et al: Squamous cell carcinoma arising in mature cystic teratoma (dermoid cyst)--a rare presentation. J Pak Med Assoc. 63(4):521-3, 2013
                                                                      3. Momtahen A et al: Mature ovarian cystic teratoma (dermoid cyst). Ultrasound Q. 28(3):175-7, 2012
                                                                      4. Park SB et al: Imaging findings of complications and unusual manifestations of ovarian teratomas. Radiographics. 28(4):969-83, 2008
                                                                      5. Luk J et al: The superinfection of a dermoid cyst. Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol. 2007:41473, 2007
                                                                      6. Rim SY et al: Malignant transformation of ovarian mature cystic teratoma. Int J Gynecol Cancer. 16(1):140-4, 2006
                                                                      7. Yazici B et al: Floating ball appearance in ovarian cystic teratoma. Diagn Interv Radiol. 12(3):136-8, 2006
                                                                      8. Zagame L et al: Growing teratoma syndrome after ovarian germ cell tumors. Obstet Gynecol. 108(3 Pt 1):509-14, 2006
                                                                      9. Nakayama T et al: Diffusion-weighted echo-planar MR imaging and ADC mapping in the differential diagnosis of ovarian cystic masses: usefulness of detecting keratinoid substances in mature cystic teratomas. J Magn Reson Imaging. 22(2):271-8, 2005
                                                                      10. Pereira JM et al: CT and MR imaging of extrahepatic fatty masses of the abdomen and pelvis: techniques, diagnosis, differential diagnosis, and pitfalls. Radiographics. 25(1):69-85, 2005
                                                                      11. Wootton-Gorges SL et al: Giant cystic abdominal masses in children. Pediatr Radiol. 35(12):1277-88, 2005
                                                                      12. Kim KA et al: Benign ovarian tumors with solid and cystic components that mimic malignancy. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 182(5):1259-65, 2004
                                                                      13. Jung SE et al: CT and MR imaging of ovarian tumors with emphasis on differential diagnosis. Radiographics. 22(6):1305-25, 2002
                                                                      14. Kim HC et al: Fluid-fluid levels in ovarian teratomas. Abdom Imaging. 27(1):100-5, 2002
                                                                      15. Outwater EK et al: Ovarian teratomas: tumor types and imaging characteristics. Radiographics. 21(2):475-90, 2001
                                                                      16. Jeong YY et al: Imaging evaluation of ovarian masses. Radiographics. 20(5):1445-70, 2000