link
Bookmarks
Developmental Dysplasia of Hip
Kara G. Gill, MD; B. J. Manaster, MD, PhD, FACR
To access 4,300 diagnoses written by the world's leading experts in radiology.Try it free - 15 days
0
23
23
2

KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Clinical Issues

        TERMINOLOGY

        • Abbreviations

          • Developmental dysplasia of hip (DDH)
        • Synonyms

          • Congenital hip dysplasia (or dislocation) (CDH)
            • Term no longer used; condition may be developmental rather than congenital
        • Definitions

          • Wide spectrum of disease based on modeling failure of acetabulum and, subsequently, femoral head

        IMAGING

        • General Features

          • Radiographic Findings

            • MR Findings

              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                • Imaging Recommendations

                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                    PATHOLOGY

                    • General Features

                      • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                        • Presentation

                          • Demographics

                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                              • Treatment

                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                  Selected References

                                  1. Barrera CA et al: Imaging of developmental dysplasia of the hip: ultrasound, radiography and magnetic resonance imaging. Pediatr Radiol. 49(12):1652-68, 2019
                                  2. Esmaeilnejad-Ganji SM et al: A newly modified Salter osteotomy technique for treatment of developmental dysplasia of hip that is associated with decrease in pressure on femoral head and triradiate cartilage. Biomed Res Int. 2019:6021271, 2019
                                  3. Lim SJ et al: Plain radiography of the hip: a review of radiographic techniques and image features. Hip Pelvis. 27(3):125-34, 2015
                                  4. Ida T et al: Prevalence and characteristics of cam-type femoroacetabular deformity in 100 hips with symptomatic acetabular dysplasia: a case control study. J Orthop Surg Res. 9(1):93, 2014
                                  5. Mabee M et al: Reproducibility of acetabular landmarks and a standardized coordinate system obtained from 3D hip ultrasound. Ultrason Imaging. 37(4):267-76, 2014
                                  6. Sakellariou VI et al: Reconstruction of the acetabulum in developmental dysplasia of the hip in total hip replacement. Arch Bone Jt Surg. 2(3):130-6, 2014
                                  7. Starr V et al: Imaging update on developmental dysplasia of the hip with the role of MRI. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 203(6):1324-35, 2014
                                  8. Teixeira SR et al: Comparison between Graf method and pubo-femoral distance in neutral and flexion positions to diagnose developmental dysplasia of the hip. Eur J Radiol. 84(2):301-6, 2015
                                  9. Dwek JR: The hip: MR imaging of uniquely pediatric disorders. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 17(3):509-20, vi, 2009
                                  10. Keller MS et al: The role of radiographs and US in developmental dysplasia of the hip: how good are they? Pediatr Radiol. 39 Suppl 2:S211-5, 2009
                                  11. Sewell MD et al: Developmental dysplasia of the hip. BMJ. 339:b4454, 2009
                                  12. Clohisy JC et al: A systematic approach to the plain radiographic evaluation of the young adult hip. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 90 Suppl 4:47-66, 2008
                                  13. Dandachli W et al: Analysis of cover of the femoral head in normal and dysplastic hips: new CT-based technique. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 90(11):1428-34, 2008
                                  14. Rosendahl K et al: Ultrasound in the diagnosis of developmental dysplasia of the hip in newborns. The European approach. A review of methods, accuracy and clinical validity. Eur Radiol. 17(8):1960-7, 2007
                                  15. Manaster BJ et al: Imaging of femoral acetabular impingement syndrome. Clin Sports Med. 25(4):635-57, 2006
                                  16. Leunig M et al: Magnetic resonance arthrography of labral disorders in hips with dysplasia and impingement. Clin Orthop Relat Res. (418):74-80, 2004
                                  17. Mitchell CS et al: Pediatric acetabuloplasty procedures: radiologic evaluation. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 170(1):49-54, 1998
                                  18. Delaunay S et al: Radiographic measurements of dysplastic adult hips. Skeletal Radiol. 26(2):75-81, 1997
                                  Related Anatomy
                                  Loading...
                                  Related Differential Diagnoses
                                  Loading...
                                  References
                                  Tables

                                  Tables

                                  KEY FACTS

                                  • Terminology

                                    • Imaging

                                      • Clinical Issues

                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                        • Abbreviations

                                          • Developmental dysplasia of hip (DDH)
                                        • Synonyms

                                          • Congenital hip dysplasia (or dislocation) (CDH)
                                            • Term no longer used; condition may be developmental rather than congenital
                                        • Definitions

                                          • Wide spectrum of disease based on modeling failure of acetabulum and, subsequently, femoral head

                                        IMAGING

                                        • General Features

                                          • Radiographic Findings

                                            • MR Findings

                                              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                • Imaging Recommendations

                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                        • Presentation

                                                          • Demographics

                                                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                              • Treatment

                                                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                  Selected References

                                                                  1. Barrera CA et al: Imaging of developmental dysplasia of the hip: ultrasound, radiography and magnetic resonance imaging. Pediatr Radiol. 49(12):1652-68, 2019
                                                                  2. Esmaeilnejad-Ganji SM et al: A newly modified Salter osteotomy technique for treatment of developmental dysplasia of hip that is associated with decrease in pressure on femoral head and triradiate cartilage. Biomed Res Int. 2019:6021271, 2019
                                                                  3. Lim SJ et al: Plain radiography of the hip: a review of radiographic techniques and image features. Hip Pelvis. 27(3):125-34, 2015
                                                                  4. Ida T et al: Prevalence and characteristics of cam-type femoroacetabular deformity in 100 hips with symptomatic acetabular dysplasia: a case control study. J Orthop Surg Res. 9(1):93, 2014
                                                                  5. Mabee M et al: Reproducibility of acetabular landmarks and a standardized coordinate system obtained from 3D hip ultrasound. Ultrason Imaging. 37(4):267-76, 2014
                                                                  6. Sakellariou VI et al: Reconstruction of the acetabulum in developmental dysplasia of the hip in total hip replacement. Arch Bone Jt Surg. 2(3):130-6, 2014
                                                                  7. Starr V et al: Imaging update on developmental dysplasia of the hip with the role of MRI. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 203(6):1324-35, 2014
                                                                  8. Teixeira SR et al: Comparison between Graf method and pubo-femoral distance in neutral and flexion positions to diagnose developmental dysplasia of the hip. Eur J Radiol. 84(2):301-6, 2015
                                                                  9. Dwek JR: The hip: MR imaging of uniquely pediatric disorders. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 17(3):509-20, vi, 2009
                                                                  10. Keller MS et al: The role of radiographs and US in developmental dysplasia of the hip: how good are they? Pediatr Radiol. 39 Suppl 2:S211-5, 2009
                                                                  11. Sewell MD et al: Developmental dysplasia of the hip. BMJ. 339:b4454, 2009
                                                                  12. Clohisy JC et al: A systematic approach to the plain radiographic evaluation of the young adult hip. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 90 Suppl 4:47-66, 2008
                                                                  13. Dandachli W et al: Analysis of cover of the femoral head in normal and dysplastic hips: new CT-based technique. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 90(11):1428-34, 2008
                                                                  14. Rosendahl K et al: Ultrasound in the diagnosis of developmental dysplasia of the hip in newborns. The European approach. A review of methods, accuracy and clinical validity. Eur Radiol. 17(8):1960-7, 2007
                                                                  15. Manaster BJ et al: Imaging of femoral acetabular impingement syndrome. Clin Sports Med. 25(4):635-57, 2006
                                                                  16. Leunig M et al: Magnetic resonance arthrography of labral disorders in hips with dysplasia and impingement. Clin Orthop Relat Res. (418):74-80, 2004
                                                                  17. Mitchell CS et al: Pediatric acetabuloplasty procedures: radiologic evaluation. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 170(1):49-54, 1998
                                                                  18. Delaunay S et al: Radiographic measurements of dysplastic adult hips. Skeletal Radiol. 26(2):75-81, 1997