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Diastematomyelia
Paula J. Woodward, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Synonyms

              • Split cord malformation (SCM)
            • Definitions

              • Sagittally oriented spinal canal spur that splits spinal cord into 2 hemicords
                • Rare form of spinal dysraphism

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                • MR Findings

                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                    PATHOLOGY

                    • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                        • Presentation

                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                            • Treatment

                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                              • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                Selected References

                                1. Vissarionov SV et al: Diagnosis and treatment of diastematomyelia in children: a perspective cohort study. Spinal Cord Ser Cases. 4:109, 2018
                                2. Wei Q et al: The value of prenatal ultrasonographic diagnosis of diastematomyelia. J Ultrasound Med. 36(6):1129-36, 2017
                                3. Bixenmann BJ et al: Prenatal and postnatal evaluation for syringomyelia in patients with spinal dysraphism. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 14(3):316-21, 2014
                                4. Lituania M et al: First trimester diagnosis of cervico-thoracic diastematomyelia and diplomyelia using three-dimensional ultrasound. Childs Nerv Syst. 31(12):2245-8, 2015
                                5. Gavriliu S et al: Diastematomyelia in congenital scoliosis: a report of two cases. Eur Spine J. 23 Suppl 2:262-6, 2014
                                6. Guo A et al: Fetal syringomyelia. Acta Neuropathol Commun. 2:91, 2014
                                7. Turgal M et al: Prenatal diagnosis and clinicopathologic examination of a case with diastematomyelia. Congenit Anom (Kyoto). 53(4):163-5, 2013
                                8. Cheng B et al: Diastematomyelia: a retrospective review of 138 patients. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 94(3):365-72, 2012
                                9. Li SL et al: Prenatal diagnosis of diastematomyelia: a case report and review of the literature. J Clin Ultrasound. 40(5):301-5, 2012
                                10. Passoglou V et al: Diastematomyelia: pre- and postnatal multimodal diagnostic approach. JBR-BTR. 94(6):333-5, 2011
                                11. Kulkarni M et al: Fetal diastematomyelia: MR imaging: a case report. Indian J Radiol Imaging. 19(1):78-80, 2009
                                12. Has R et al: Prenatal diagnosis of diastematomyelia: presentation of eight cases and review of the literature. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 30(6):845-9, 2007
                                13. Sonigo-Cohen P et al: Prenatal diagnosis of diastematomyelia. Childs Nerv Syst. 19(7-8):555-60, 2003
                                Related Anatomy
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                                Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                References
                                Tables

                                Tables

                                KEY FACTS

                                • Terminology

                                  • Imaging

                                    • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                      • Clinical Issues

                                        • Diagnostic Checklist

                                          TERMINOLOGY

                                          • Synonyms

                                            • Split cord malformation (SCM)
                                          • Definitions

                                            • Sagittally oriented spinal canal spur that splits spinal cord into 2 hemicords
                                              • Rare form of spinal dysraphism

                                          IMAGING

                                          • General Features

                                            • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                              • MR Findings

                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                  • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                    • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                      • Presentation

                                                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                          • Treatment

                                                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                              Selected References

                                                              1. Vissarionov SV et al: Diagnosis and treatment of diastematomyelia in children: a perspective cohort study. Spinal Cord Ser Cases. 4:109, 2018
                                                              2. Wei Q et al: The value of prenatal ultrasonographic diagnosis of diastematomyelia. J Ultrasound Med. 36(6):1129-36, 2017
                                                              3. Bixenmann BJ et al: Prenatal and postnatal evaluation for syringomyelia in patients with spinal dysraphism. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 14(3):316-21, 2014
                                                              4. Lituania M et al: First trimester diagnosis of cervico-thoracic diastematomyelia and diplomyelia using three-dimensional ultrasound. Childs Nerv Syst. 31(12):2245-8, 2015
                                                              5. Gavriliu S et al: Diastematomyelia in congenital scoliosis: a report of two cases. Eur Spine J. 23 Suppl 2:262-6, 2014
                                                              6. Guo A et al: Fetal syringomyelia. Acta Neuropathol Commun. 2:91, 2014
                                                              7. Turgal M et al: Prenatal diagnosis and clinicopathologic examination of a case with diastematomyelia. Congenit Anom (Kyoto). 53(4):163-5, 2013
                                                              8. Cheng B et al: Diastematomyelia: a retrospective review of 138 patients. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 94(3):365-72, 2012
                                                              9. Li SL et al: Prenatal diagnosis of diastematomyelia: a case report and review of the literature. J Clin Ultrasound. 40(5):301-5, 2012
                                                              10. Passoglou V et al: Diastematomyelia: pre- and postnatal multimodal diagnostic approach. JBR-BTR. 94(6):333-5, 2011
                                                              11. Kulkarni M et al: Fetal diastematomyelia: MR imaging: a case report. Indian J Radiol Imaging. 19(1):78-80, 2009
                                                              12. Has R et al: Prenatal diagnosis of diastematomyelia: presentation of eight cases and review of the literature. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 30(6):845-9, 2007
                                                              13. Sonigo-Cohen P et al: Prenatal diagnosis of diastematomyelia. Childs Nerv Syst. 19(7-8):555-60, 2003