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Direct Cord Trauma
Jeffrey S. Ross, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Abbreviations

              • Recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy (RLNP)
            • Definitions

              • Iatrogenic surgical injury to spinal cord or root
                • Mechanical injury from inadvertent surgical trauma
                • Indirect injury from positioning or anesthesia

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                PATHOLOGY

                • General Features

                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                  • Presentation

                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                      • Treatment

                        Selected References

                        1. Cornips EM et al: Thoracic disc herniation and acute myelopathy: clinical presentation, neuroimaging findings, surgical considerations, and outcome. J Neurosurg Spine. 14(4):520-8, 2011
                        2. Epstein NE: A review of medicolegal malpractice suits involving cervical spine: what can we learn or change? J Spinal Disord Tech. 24(1):15-9, 2011
                        3. Kalb S et al: Analysis of demographics, risk factors, clinical presentation, and surgical treatment modalities for the ossified posterior longitudinal ligament. Neurosurg Focus. 30(3):E11, 2011
                        4. Passias PG et al: Comparative safety of simultaneous and staged anterior and posterior spinal surgery. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). Epub ahead of print, 2011
                        5. Pastorelli F et al: The prevention of neural complications in the surgical treatment of scoliosis: the role of the neurophysiological intraoperative monitoring. Eur Spine J. 20 Suppl 1:S105-14, 2011
                        6. Bilbao G et al: Surgical results and complications in a series of 71 consecutive cervical spondylotic corpectomies. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 152(7):1155-63, 2010
                        7. Campbell PG et al: Early complications related to approach in cervical spine surgery: single-center prospective study. World Neurosurg. 74(2-3):363-8, 2010
                        8. Lall R et al: A review of complications associated with craniocervical fusion surgery. Neurosurgery. 67(5):1396-402; discussion 1402-3, 2010
                        9. Cramer DE et al: Major neurologic deficit immediately after adult spinal surgery: incidence and etiology over 10 years at a single training institution. J Spinal Disord Tech. 22(8):565-70, 2009
                        Related Anatomy
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                        Related Differential Diagnoses
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                        References
                        Tables

                        Tables

                        KEY FACTS

                        • Terminology

                          • Imaging

                            • Top Differential Diagnoses

                              • Pathology

                                • Clinical Issues

                                  TERMINOLOGY

                                  • Abbreviations

                                    • Recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy (RLNP)
                                  • Definitions

                                    • Iatrogenic surgical injury to spinal cord or root
                                      • Mechanical injury from inadvertent surgical trauma
                                      • Indirect injury from positioning or anesthesia

                                  IMAGING

                                  • General Features

                                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                      PATHOLOGY

                                      • General Features

                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                        • Presentation

                                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                                            • Treatment

                                              Selected References

                                              1. Cornips EM et al: Thoracic disc herniation and acute myelopathy: clinical presentation, neuroimaging findings, surgical considerations, and outcome. J Neurosurg Spine. 14(4):520-8, 2011
                                              2. Epstein NE: A review of medicolegal malpractice suits involving cervical spine: what can we learn or change? J Spinal Disord Tech. 24(1):15-9, 2011
                                              3. Kalb S et al: Analysis of demographics, risk factors, clinical presentation, and surgical treatment modalities for the ossified posterior longitudinal ligament. Neurosurg Focus. 30(3):E11, 2011
                                              4. Passias PG et al: Comparative safety of simultaneous and staged anterior and posterior spinal surgery. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). Epub ahead of print, 2011
                                              5. Pastorelli F et al: The prevention of neural complications in the surgical treatment of scoliosis: the role of the neurophysiological intraoperative monitoring. Eur Spine J. 20 Suppl 1:S105-14, 2011
                                              6. Bilbao G et al: Surgical results and complications in a series of 71 consecutive cervical spondylotic corpectomies. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 152(7):1155-63, 2010
                                              7. Campbell PG et al: Early complications related to approach in cervical spine surgery: single-center prospective study. World Neurosurg. 74(2-3):363-8, 2010
                                              8. Lall R et al: A review of complications associated with craniocervical fusion surgery. Neurosurgery. 67(5):1396-402; discussion 1402-3, 2010
                                              9. Cramer DE et al: Major neurologic deficit immediately after adult spinal surgery: incidence and etiology over 10 years at a single training institution. J Spinal Disord Tech. 22(8):565-70, 2009