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Duodenitis
Atif Zaheer, MD; Michael P. Federle, MD, FACR
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KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    • Top Differential Diagnoses

      • Pathology

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Definitions

              • Duodenal inflammation from any cause

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Imaging Recommendations

                • Radiographic Findings

                  • Fluoroscopic Findings

                    • CT Findings

                      • Ultrasonographic Findings

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                • Microscopic Features

                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                  • Presentation

                                    • Demographics

                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                        • Treatment

                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                          • Consider

                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                              Selected References

                                              1. Shin D et al: Imaging of gastrointestinal tract perforation. Radiol Clin North Am. 58(1):19-44, 2020
                                              2. Owen DR et al: Celiac disease and other causes of duodenitis. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 142(1):35-43, 2018
                                              3. Myerson D et al: Graft-versus-host disease of the gut: a histologic activity grading system and validation. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 23(9):1573-9, 2017
                                              4. Srisajjakul S et al: Imaging spectrum of nonneoplastic duodenal diseases. Clin Imaging. 40(6):1173-81, 2016
                                              5. Sugimoto S et al: Cytomegalovirus duodenitis associated with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Dig Endosc. 25(3):337-8, 2013
                                              6. Esmadi M et al: Sarcoidosis: an extremely rare cause of granulomatous enterocolitis. J Gastrointestin Liver Dis. 21(4):423-5, 2012
                                              7. Chang CH et al: Risk of hospitalization for upper gastrointestinal adverse events associated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: a nationwide case-crossover study in Taiwan. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 20(7):763-71, 2011
                                              8. Kim SH et al: Gastrointestinal tract perforation: MDCT findings according to the perforation sites. Korean J Radiol. 10(1):63-70, 2009
                                              9. Hashash JG et al: Acute NSAID-related transmural duodenitis and extensive duodenal ulceration. Clin Ther. 29(11):2448-52, 2007
                                              10. Hamid S et al: Frequency of NSAID induced peptic ulcer disease. J Pak Med Assoc. 56(5):218-22, 2006
                                              11. Pun E et al: Computed tomography and complicated peptic ulcer disease. Australas Radiol. 48(4):516-9, 2004
                                              12. Luzi G et al: Duodenal pathology and clinical-immunological implications in common variable immunodeficiency patients. Am J Gastroenterol. 98(1):118-21, 2003
                                              13. O'Connor AS et al: Pancreatitis and duodenitis from sarcoidosis: successful therapy with mycophenolate mofetil. Dig Dis Sci. 48(11):2191-5, 2003
                                              14. Shankar RR et al: Erosive gastroduodenitis and Helicobacter pylori infection. Med Sci Monit. 9(6):CR222-4, 2003
                                              15. Long FR et al: Duodenitis in children: correlation of radiologic findings with endoscopic and pathologic findings. Radiology. 206(1):103-8, 1998
                                              Related Anatomy
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                                              Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                              References
                                              Tables

                                              Tables

                                              KEY FACTS

                                              • Imaging

                                                • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                  • Pathology

                                                    • Clinical Issues

                                                      • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                                        • Definitions

                                                          • Duodenal inflammation from any cause

                                                        IMAGING

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Imaging Recommendations

                                                            • Radiographic Findings

                                                              • Fluoroscopic Findings

                                                                • CT Findings

                                                                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                      PATHOLOGY

                                                                      • General Features

                                                                        • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                            • Microscopic Features

                                                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                              • Presentation

                                                                                • Demographics

                                                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                    • Treatment

                                                                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                      • Consider

                                                                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                          Selected References

                                                                                          1. Shin D et al: Imaging of gastrointestinal tract perforation. Radiol Clin North Am. 58(1):19-44, 2020
                                                                                          2. Owen DR et al: Celiac disease and other causes of duodenitis. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 142(1):35-43, 2018
                                                                                          3. Myerson D et al: Graft-versus-host disease of the gut: a histologic activity grading system and validation. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 23(9):1573-9, 2017
                                                                                          4. Srisajjakul S et al: Imaging spectrum of nonneoplastic duodenal diseases. Clin Imaging. 40(6):1173-81, 2016
                                                                                          5. Sugimoto S et al: Cytomegalovirus duodenitis associated with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Dig Endosc. 25(3):337-8, 2013
                                                                                          6. Esmadi M et al: Sarcoidosis: an extremely rare cause of granulomatous enterocolitis. J Gastrointestin Liver Dis. 21(4):423-5, 2012
                                                                                          7. Chang CH et al: Risk of hospitalization for upper gastrointestinal adverse events associated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: a nationwide case-crossover study in Taiwan. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 20(7):763-71, 2011
                                                                                          8. Kim SH et al: Gastrointestinal tract perforation: MDCT findings according to the perforation sites. Korean J Radiol. 10(1):63-70, 2009
                                                                                          9. Hashash JG et al: Acute NSAID-related transmural duodenitis and extensive duodenal ulceration. Clin Ther. 29(11):2448-52, 2007
                                                                                          10. Hamid S et al: Frequency of NSAID induced peptic ulcer disease. J Pak Med Assoc. 56(5):218-22, 2006
                                                                                          11. Pun E et al: Computed tomography and complicated peptic ulcer disease. Australas Radiol. 48(4):516-9, 2004
                                                                                          12. Luzi G et al: Duodenal pathology and clinical-immunological implications in common variable immunodeficiency patients. Am J Gastroenterol. 98(1):118-21, 2003
                                                                                          13. O'Connor AS et al: Pancreatitis and duodenitis from sarcoidosis: successful therapy with mycophenolate mofetil. Dig Dis Sci. 48(11):2191-5, 2003
                                                                                          14. Shankar RR et al: Erosive gastroduodenitis and Helicobacter pylori infection. Med Sci Monit. 9(6):CR222-4, 2003
                                                                                          15. Long FR et al: Duodenitis in children: correlation of radiologic findings with endoscopic and pathologic findings. Radiology. 206(1):103-8, 1998