link
Bookmarks
Duplications and Anomalies of IVC
Matthew T. Heller, MD, FSAR
To access 4,300 diagnoses written by the world's leading experts in radiology, please log in or subscribe.Log inSubscribe
0
7
3
1

KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Diagnostic Checklist

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Definitions

            • Congenital anomalies of inferior vena cava (IVC)

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • CT Findings

              • MR Findings

                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                  • Angiographic Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                          • Presentation

                            • Demographics

                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                • Treatment

                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                  • Consider

                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                      Selected References

                                      1. Malaki M et al: Congenital anomalies of the inferior vena cava. Clin Radiol. 67(2):165-71, 2012
                                      2. Honma S et al: Left inferior vena cava with regressed right inferior vena cava. Anat Sci Int. 83(3):173-8, 2008
                                      3. Kakitsubata Y et al: Intrahepatic venous continuation associated with inferior vena cava hypoplasia: evaluation with sonography, MR imaging and MR angiography. JBR-BTR. 91(6):227-30, 2008
                                      4. Kandpal H et al: Imaging the inferior vena cava: a road less traveled. Radiographics. 28(3):669-89, 2008
                                      5. Cizginer S et al: Thrombosed interrupted inferior vena cava and retroaortic left renal vein mimicking retroperitoneal neoplasm. Abdom Imaging. 32(3):403-6, 2007
                                      6. Koc Z et al: Venous variants and anomalies on routine abdominal multi-detector row CT. Eur J Radiol. 61(2):267-78, 2007
                                      7. Zhang L et al: Spectrum of the inferior vena cava: MDCT findings. Abdom Imaging. 32(4):495-503, 2007
                                      8. Srivastava A et al: Inferior vena cava in urology: importance of developmental abnormalities in clinical practice. ScientificWorldJournal. 5:558-63, 2005
                                      9. Basile A et al: Embryologic and acquired anomalies of the inferior vena cava with recurrent deep vein thrombosis. Abdom Imaging. 28(3):400-3, 2003
                                      10. Yilmaz E et al: Interruption of the inferior vena cava with azygos/hemiazygos continuation accompanied by distinct renal vein anomalies: MRA and CT assessment. Abdom Imaging. 28(3):392-4, 2003
                                      11. Brochert A et al: Unusual duplication anomaly of the inferior vena cava with normal drainage of the right IVC and hemiazygous continuation of the left IVC. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 12(12):1453-5, 2001
                                      12. Bass JE et al: Spectrum of congenital anomalies of the inferior vena cava: cross-sectional imaging findings. Radiographics. 20(3):639-52, 2000
                                      13. Bass JE et al: Absence of the infrarenal inferior vena cava with preservation of the suprarenal segment as revealed by CT and MR venography. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 172(6):1610-2, 1999
                                      14. Mayo J et al: Anomalies of the inferior vena cava. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 140(2):339-45, 1983
                                      15. Breckenridge JW et al: Azygos continuation of inferior vena cava: CT appearance. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 4(3):392-7, 1980
                                      Related Anatomy
                                      Loading...
                                      Related Differential Diagnoses
                                      Loading...
                                      References
                                      Tables

                                      Tables

                                      KEY FACTS

                                      • Terminology

                                        • Imaging

                                          • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                            • Diagnostic Checklist

                                              TERMINOLOGY

                                              • Definitions

                                                • Congenital anomalies of inferior vena cava (IVC)

                                              IMAGING

                                              • General Features

                                                • CT Findings

                                                  • MR Findings

                                                    • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                      • Angiographic Findings

                                                        • Imaging Recommendations

                                                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                            PATHOLOGY

                                                            • General Features

                                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                              • Presentation

                                                                • Demographics

                                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                    • Treatment

                                                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                      • Consider

                                                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                          Selected References

                                                                          1. Malaki M et al: Congenital anomalies of the inferior vena cava. Clin Radiol. 67(2):165-71, 2012
                                                                          2. Honma S et al: Left inferior vena cava with regressed right inferior vena cava. Anat Sci Int. 83(3):173-8, 2008
                                                                          3. Kakitsubata Y et al: Intrahepatic venous continuation associated with inferior vena cava hypoplasia: evaluation with sonography, MR imaging and MR angiography. JBR-BTR. 91(6):227-30, 2008
                                                                          4. Kandpal H et al: Imaging the inferior vena cava: a road less traveled. Radiographics. 28(3):669-89, 2008
                                                                          5. Cizginer S et al: Thrombosed interrupted inferior vena cava and retroaortic left renal vein mimicking retroperitoneal neoplasm. Abdom Imaging. 32(3):403-6, 2007
                                                                          6. Koc Z et al: Venous variants and anomalies on routine abdominal multi-detector row CT. Eur J Radiol. 61(2):267-78, 2007
                                                                          7. Zhang L et al: Spectrum of the inferior vena cava: MDCT findings. Abdom Imaging. 32(4):495-503, 2007
                                                                          8. Srivastava A et al: Inferior vena cava in urology: importance of developmental abnormalities in clinical practice. ScientificWorldJournal. 5:558-63, 2005
                                                                          9. Basile A et al: Embryologic and acquired anomalies of the inferior vena cava with recurrent deep vein thrombosis. Abdom Imaging. 28(3):400-3, 2003
                                                                          10. Yilmaz E et al: Interruption of the inferior vena cava with azygos/hemiazygos continuation accompanied by distinct renal vein anomalies: MRA and CT assessment. Abdom Imaging. 28(3):392-4, 2003
                                                                          11. Brochert A et al: Unusual duplication anomaly of the inferior vena cava with normal drainage of the right IVC and hemiazygous continuation of the left IVC. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 12(12):1453-5, 2001
                                                                          12. Bass JE et al: Spectrum of congenital anomalies of the inferior vena cava: cross-sectional imaging findings. Radiographics. 20(3):639-52, 2000
                                                                          13. Bass JE et al: Absence of the infrarenal inferior vena cava with preservation of the suprarenal segment as revealed by CT and MR venography. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 172(6):1610-2, 1999
                                                                          14. Mayo J et al: Anomalies of the inferior vena cava. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 140(2):339-45, 1983
                                                                          15. Breckenridge JW et al: Azygos continuation of inferior vena cava: CT appearance. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 4(3):392-7, 1980