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Dural Arteriovenous Fistula
Luke L. Linscott, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    • Top Differential Diagnoses

      • Pathology

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Abbreviations

            • Dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF)
          • Synonyms

            • Dural arteriovenous (AV) shunt
          • Definitions

            • Heterogeneous group of lesions with common angioarchitecture (AV shunts in dural venous sinus wall)

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • CT Findings

              • MR Findings

                • Angiographic Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                            • Microscopic Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Nishimuta Y et al: Long-term outcome after endovascular treatment of cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistula and a literature review. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 159(11):2113-22, 2017
                                          2. Hetts SW et al: Pediatric intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas: age-related differences in clinical features, angioarchitecture, and treatment outcomes. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 18(5):602-10, 2016
                                          3. Yu J et al: Therapeutic progress in pediatric intracranial dural arteriovenous shunts: a review. Interv Neuroradiol. 22(5):548-56, 2016
                                          4. Tian B et al: Four-dimensional computed tomography angiographic evaluation of cranial dural arteriovenous fistula before and after embolization. Eur J Radiol. 84(6):1144-9, 2015
                                          5. Zaidi HA et al: Multimodal treatment strategies for complex pediatric cerebral arteriovenous fistulas: contemporary case series at Barrow Neurological Institute. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 15(6):615-24, 2015
                                          6. Appaduray SP et al: Pediatric dural arteriovenous malformations. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 14(1):16-22, 2014
                                          7. D'Orazio F et al: 320-row detector dynamic 4D-CTA for the assessment of brain and spinal cord vascular shunting malformations. A technical note. Neuroradiol J. 27(6):710-7, 2014
                                          8. Edjlali M et al: Advanced technologies applied to physiopathological analysis of central nervous system aneurysms and vascular malformations. Diagn Interv Imaging. 95(12):1187-93, 2014
                                          9. Hacein-Bey L et al: Natural history, current concepts, classification, factors impacting endovascular therapy, and pathophysiology of cerebral and spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 121:64-75, 2014
                                          10. Madsen PJ et al: An institutional series and literature review of pial arteriovenous fistulas in the pediatric population: clinical article. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 12(4):344-50, 2013
                                          11. Shin NY et al: Venous angioarchitectural features of intracranial dural arteriovenous shunt and its relation to the clinical course. Neuroradiology. 55(9):1119-27, 2013
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Imaging

                                            • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                              • Pathology

                                                • Clinical Issues

                                                  TERMINOLOGY

                                                  • Abbreviations

                                                    • Dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF)
                                                  • Synonyms

                                                    • Dural arteriovenous (AV) shunt
                                                  • Definitions

                                                    • Heterogeneous group of lesions with common angioarchitecture (AV shunts in dural venous sinus wall)

                                                  IMAGING

                                                  • General Features

                                                    • CT Findings

                                                      • MR Findings

                                                        • Angiographic Findings

                                                          • Imaging Recommendations

                                                            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                              PATHOLOGY

                                                              • General Features

                                                                • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                  • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                    • Microscopic Features

                                                                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                      • Presentation

                                                                        • Demographics

                                                                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                            • Treatment

                                                                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                              • Consider

                                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Nishimuta Y et al: Long-term outcome after endovascular treatment of cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistula and a literature review. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 159(11):2113-22, 2017
                                                                                  2. Hetts SW et al: Pediatric intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas: age-related differences in clinical features, angioarchitecture, and treatment outcomes. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 18(5):602-10, 2016
                                                                                  3. Yu J et al: Therapeutic progress in pediatric intracranial dural arteriovenous shunts: a review. Interv Neuroradiol. 22(5):548-56, 2016
                                                                                  4. Tian B et al: Four-dimensional computed tomography angiographic evaluation of cranial dural arteriovenous fistula before and after embolization. Eur J Radiol. 84(6):1144-9, 2015
                                                                                  5. Zaidi HA et al: Multimodal treatment strategies for complex pediatric cerebral arteriovenous fistulas: contemporary case series at Barrow Neurological Institute. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 15(6):615-24, 2015
                                                                                  6. Appaduray SP et al: Pediatric dural arteriovenous malformations. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 14(1):16-22, 2014
                                                                                  7. D'Orazio F et al: 320-row detector dynamic 4D-CTA for the assessment of brain and spinal cord vascular shunting malformations. A technical note. Neuroradiol J. 27(6):710-7, 2014
                                                                                  8. Edjlali M et al: Advanced technologies applied to physiopathological analysis of central nervous system aneurysms and vascular malformations. Diagn Interv Imaging. 95(12):1187-93, 2014
                                                                                  9. Hacein-Bey L et al: Natural history, current concepts, classification, factors impacting endovascular therapy, and pathophysiology of cerebral and spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 121:64-75, 2014
                                                                                  10. Madsen PJ et al: An institutional series and literature review of pial arteriovenous fistulas in the pediatric population: clinical article. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 12(4):344-50, 2013
                                                                                  11. Shin NY et al: Venous angioarchitectural features of intracranial dural arteriovenous shunt and its relation to the clinical course. Neuroradiology. 55(9):1119-27, 2013