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Dural Sinus Thrombosis
Anne G. Osborn, MD, FACR
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KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    • Top Differential Diagnoses

      • Diagnostic Checklist

        TERMINOLOGY

        • Abbreviations

          • Dural sinus thrombosis (DST)
        • Definitions

          • Thrombotic occlusion of intracranial dural sinuses

        IMAGING

        • General Features

          • CT Findings

            • MR Findings

              • Angiographic Findings

                • Imaging Recommendations

                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                    PATHOLOGY

                    • General Features

                      • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                          • Microscopic Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                    • Consider

                                      • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                        Selected References

                                        1. Almqvist H et al: Radiological evaluation in patients with clinical suspicion of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis presenting with nontraumatic headache - a retrospective observational study with a validation cohort. BMC Med Imaging. 20(1):24, 2020
                                        2. Ghoneim A et al: Imaging of cerebral venous thrombosis. Clin Radiol. 75(4):254-64, 2020
                                        3. Medhi G et al: Mechanical thrombectomy for cerebral venous sinus thrombosis: a case series & technical note. World Neurosurg. ePub, 2020
                                        4. Neal E et al: Hypodense cerebral venous sinus thrombosis on unenhanced CT: a potential pitfall. Report of a case and review of the literature. Radiol Case Rep. 15(1):35-8, 2020
                                        5. Zong C et al: Dural venous sinuses: what we need to know. Curr Med Imaging. ePub, 2020
                                        6. Freeman CW et al: Variations of the CNS venous system mimicking pathology: spectrum of imaging findings. J Neuroimaging. 29(6):673-88, 2019
                                        7. Hedderich DM et al: Diagnostic imaging in the management of patients with possible cerebral venous thrombosis: a cost-effectiveness analysis. Neuroradiology. 61(10):1155-63, 2019
                                        8. Mahalingam HV et al: Imaging spectrum of cavernous sinus lesions with histopathologic correlation. Radiographics. 39(3):795-819, 2019
                                        9. Azeemuddin M et al: Prevalence of subarachnoid haemorrhage among patients with cranial venous sinus thrombosis in the presence and absence of venous infarcts. Neuroradiol J. 31(5):496-503, 2018
                                        10. Kouzmitcheva E et al: Anatomical venous variants in children with cerebral sinovenous thrombosis. Stroke. STROKEAHA118023482, 2018
                                        11. Ozturk K et al: Dural venous sinus thrombosis: the combination of noncontrast CT, MRI and PC-MR venography to enhance accuracy. Neuroradiol J. 31(5):473-81, 2018
                                        12. Gazioglu S et al: Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis: clinical features, long-term outcome and recanalization. J Clin Neurosci. 45:248-51, 2017
                                        13. Coutinho JM et al: Cerebral venous thrombosis in the absence of headache. Stroke. 46(1):245-7, 2015
                                        14. Bonneville F: Imaging of cerebral venous thrombosis. Diagn Interv Imaging. 95(12):1145-50, 2014
                                        15. Gökçe E et al: Torcular Herophili classification and evaluation of dural venous sinus variations using digital subtraction angiography and magnetic resonance venographies. Surg Radiol Anat. 36(6):527-36, 2014
                                        16. Buyck PJ et al: CT density measurement and H:H ratio are useful in diagnosing acute cerebral venous sinus thrombosis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 34(8):1568-72, 2013
                                        Related Anatomy
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                                        Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                        References
                                        Tables

                                        Tables

                                        KEY FACTS

                                        • Imaging

                                          • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                            • Diagnostic Checklist

                                              TERMINOLOGY

                                              • Abbreviations

                                                • Dural sinus thrombosis (DST)
                                              • Definitions

                                                • Thrombotic occlusion of intracranial dural sinuses

                                              IMAGING

                                              • General Features

                                                • CT Findings

                                                  • MR Findings

                                                    • Angiographic Findings

                                                      • Imaging Recommendations

                                                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                          PATHOLOGY

                                                          • General Features

                                                            • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                • Microscopic Features

                                                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                  • Presentation

                                                                    • Demographics

                                                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                        • Treatment

                                                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                          • Consider

                                                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                              Selected References

                                                                              1. Almqvist H et al: Radiological evaluation in patients with clinical suspicion of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis presenting with nontraumatic headache - a retrospective observational study with a validation cohort. BMC Med Imaging. 20(1):24, 2020
                                                                              2. Ghoneim A et al: Imaging of cerebral venous thrombosis. Clin Radiol. 75(4):254-64, 2020
                                                                              3. Medhi G et al: Mechanical thrombectomy for cerebral venous sinus thrombosis: a case series & technical note. World Neurosurg. ePub, 2020
                                                                              4. Neal E et al: Hypodense cerebral venous sinus thrombosis on unenhanced CT: a potential pitfall. Report of a case and review of the literature. Radiol Case Rep. 15(1):35-8, 2020
                                                                              5. Zong C et al: Dural venous sinuses: what we need to know. Curr Med Imaging. ePub, 2020
                                                                              6. Freeman CW et al: Variations of the CNS venous system mimicking pathology: spectrum of imaging findings. J Neuroimaging. 29(6):673-88, 2019
                                                                              7. Hedderich DM et al: Diagnostic imaging in the management of patients with possible cerebral venous thrombosis: a cost-effectiveness analysis. Neuroradiology. 61(10):1155-63, 2019
                                                                              8. Mahalingam HV et al: Imaging spectrum of cavernous sinus lesions with histopathologic correlation. Radiographics. 39(3):795-819, 2019
                                                                              9. Azeemuddin M et al: Prevalence of subarachnoid haemorrhage among patients with cranial venous sinus thrombosis in the presence and absence of venous infarcts. Neuroradiol J. 31(5):496-503, 2018
                                                                              10. Kouzmitcheva E et al: Anatomical venous variants in children with cerebral sinovenous thrombosis. Stroke. STROKEAHA118023482, 2018
                                                                              11. Ozturk K et al: Dural venous sinus thrombosis: the combination of noncontrast CT, MRI and PC-MR venography to enhance accuracy. Neuroradiol J. 31(5):473-81, 2018
                                                                              12. Gazioglu S et al: Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis: clinical features, long-term outcome and recanalization. J Clin Neurosci. 45:248-51, 2017
                                                                              13. Coutinho JM et al: Cerebral venous thrombosis in the absence of headache. Stroke. 46(1):245-7, 2015
                                                                              14. Bonneville F: Imaging of cerebral venous thrombosis. Diagn Interv Imaging. 95(12):1145-50, 2014
                                                                              15. Gökçe E et al: Torcular Herophili classification and evaluation of dural venous sinus variations using digital subtraction angiography and magnetic resonance venographies. Surg Radiol Anat. 36(6):527-36, 2014
                                                                              16. Buyck PJ et al: CT density measurement and H:H ratio are useful in diagnosing acute cerebral venous sinus thrombosis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 34(8):1568-72, 2013