link
Bookmarks
Echogenic Cardiac Focus
Roya Sohaey, MD
To access 4,300 diagnoses written by the world's leading experts in radiology, please log in or subscribe.Log inSubscribe
0
6
2
1

KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    • Top Differential Diagnoses

      • Pathology

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Abbreviations

              • Echogenic cardiac focus (ECF)
            • Synonyms

              • Intracardiac echogenic focus (IEF)
              • Echogenic intracardiac focus (EIF)
            • Definitions

              • Focal echogenicity of papillary muscle

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                • Imaging Recommendations

                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                    PATHOLOGY

                    • General Features

                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                      • Presentation

                        • Demographics

                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                            • Consider

                              • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                Selected References

                                1. Yozgat Y et al: Modified myocardial performance index is not affected in fetuses with an isolated echogenic focus in the left ventricle. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 28(3):333-7, 2015
                                2. Reddy UM et al: Fetal imaging: executive summary of a joint Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine, American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine, American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, American College of Radiology, Society for Pediatric Radiology, and Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound Fetal Imaging Workshop. J Ultrasound Med. 33(5):745-57, 2014
                                3. Altug N et al: Echogenic focus in the fetal left ventricular cavity: is it a false tendon? Early Hum Dev. 89(7):479-82, 2013
                                4. Chasen ST et al: Echogenic intracardiac foci: disclosure and the rate of amniocentesis in low-risk patients. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 209(4):377.e1-3, 2013
                                5. Rodriguez R et al: The continuing enigma of the fetal echogenic intracardiac focus in prenatal ultrasound. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. 25(2):145-51, 2013
                                6. Gupta G et al: Intracardiac echogenic focus and fetal outcome. J Clin Ultrasound. 38(9):466-9, 2010
                                7. Kirbiyik O et al: Intracardiac echogenic focus and cytogenetic abnormalities. Genet Couns. 20(1):73-5, 2009
                                8. Shanks AL et al: Echogenic intracardiac foci: associated with increased risk for fetal trisomy 21 or not? J Ultrasound Med. 28(12):1639-43, 2009
                                9. Borgida AF et al: Frequency of echogenic intracardiac focus by race/ethnicity in euploid fetuses. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 18(1):65-6, 2005
                                10. Coco C et al: An isolated echogenic heart focus is not an indication for amniocentesis in 12,672 unselected patients. J Ultrasound Med. 23(4):489-96, 2004
                                11. Doubilet PM et al: Choroid plexus cyst and echogenic intracardiac focus in women at low risk for chromosomal anomalies: the obligation to inform the mother. J Ultrasound Med. 23(7):883-5, 2004
                                12. Filly RA et al: Choroid plexus cyst and echogenic intracardiac focus in women at low risk for chromosomal anomalies. J Ultrasound Med. 23(4):447-9, 2004
                                13. Souter VL et al: Correlation of second-trimester sonographic and biochemical markers. J Ultrasound Med. 23(4):505-11, 2004
                                14. Sotiriadis A et al: Diagnostic performance of intracardiac echogenic foci for Down syndrome: a meta-analysis. Obstet Gynecol. 101(5 Pt 1):1009-16, 2003
                                Related Anatomy
                                Loading...
                                Related Differential Diagnoses
                                Loading...
                                References
                                Tables

                                Tables

                                KEY FACTS

                                • Imaging

                                  • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                    • Pathology

                                      • Clinical Issues

                                        • Diagnostic Checklist

                                          TERMINOLOGY

                                          • Abbreviations

                                            • Echogenic cardiac focus (ECF)
                                          • Synonyms

                                            • Intracardiac echogenic focus (IEF)
                                            • Echogenic intracardiac focus (EIF)
                                          • Definitions

                                            • Focal echogenicity of papillary muscle

                                          IMAGING

                                          • General Features

                                            • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                              • Imaging Recommendations

                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                  • General Features

                                                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                    • Presentation

                                                      • Demographics

                                                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                          • Consider

                                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                              Selected References

                                                              1. Yozgat Y et al: Modified myocardial performance index is not affected in fetuses with an isolated echogenic focus in the left ventricle. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 28(3):333-7, 2015
                                                              2. Reddy UM et al: Fetal imaging: executive summary of a joint Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine, American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine, American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, American College of Radiology, Society for Pediatric Radiology, and Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound Fetal Imaging Workshop. J Ultrasound Med. 33(5):745-57, 2014
                                                              3. Altug N et al: Echogenic focus in the fetal left ventricular cavity: is it a false tendon? Early Hum Dev. 89(7):479-82, 2013
                                                              4. Chasen ST et al: Echogenic intracardiac foci: disclosure and the rate of amniocentesis in low-risk patients. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 209(4):377.e1-3, 2013
                                                              5. Rodriguez R et al: The continuing enigma of the fetal echogenic intracardiac focus in prenatal ultrasound. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. 25(2):145-51, 2013
                                                              6. Gupta G et al: Intracardiac echogenic focus and fetal outcome. J Clin Ultrasound. 38(9):466-9, 2010
                                                              7. Kirbiyik O et al: Intracardiac echogenic focus and cytogenetic abnormalities. Genet Couns. 20(1):73-5, 2009
                                                              8. Shanks AL et al: Echogenic intracardiac foci: associated with increased risk for fetal trisomy 21 or not? J Ultrasound Med. 28(12):1639-43, 2009
                                                              9. Borgida AF et al: Frequency of echogenic intracardiac focus by race/ethnicity in euploid fetuses. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 18(1):65-6, 2005
                                                              10. Coco C et al: An isolated echogenic heart focus is not an indication for amniocentesis in 12,672 unselected patients. J Ultrasound Med. 23(4):489-96, 2004
                                                              11. Doubilet PM et al: Choroid plexus cyst and echogenic intracardiac focus in women at low risk for chromosomal anomalies: the obligation to inform the mother. J Ultrasound Med. 23(7):883-5, 2004
                                                              12. Filly RA et al: Choroid plexus cyst and echogenic intracardiac focus in women at low risk for chromosomal anomalies. J Ultrasound Med. 23(4):447-9, 2004
                                                              13. Souter VL et al: Correlation of second-trimester sonographic and biochemical markers. J Ultrasound Med. 23(4):505-11, 2004
                                                              14. Sotiriadis A et al: Diagnostic performance of intracardiac echogenic foci for Down syndrome: a meta-analysis. Obstet Gynecol. 101(5 Pt 1):1009-16, 2003