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ECMO Catheters
Michael R. Aquino, MD, MHSc
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Pathology

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Definitions

            • Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO): Modified pulmonary or cardiopulmonary bypass circuit
            • Deoxygenated blood removed from venous system → oxygenated → returned to circulation via venous system [venovenous ECMO (VV-ECMO)] or arterial system [venoarterial ECMO (VA-ECMO)]

          IMAGING

          • Radiographic Findings

            • Ultrasonographic Findings

              • CT Findings

                • Imaging Recommendations

                  PATHOLOGY

                  • Complications

                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                    • Indications for ECMO

                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                      • Image Interpretation Pearls

                        Selected References

                        1. Gehrmann LP et al: Pediatric extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: an introduction for emergency medicine physicians. J Emerg Med. 49(4):552-60, 2015
                        2. Goodwin SJ et al: Chest computed tomography in children undergoing extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation: a 9-year single-centre experience. Pediatr Radiol. 44(6):750-60; quiz 747-9, 2014
                        3. Mesher AL et al: Extracorporeal life support for the neonatal cardiac patient: outcomes and new directions. Semin Perinatol. 38(2):97-103, 2014
                        4. van Heijst AF et al: ECMO in neonates: neuroimaging findings and outcome. Semin Perinatol. 38(2):104-13, 2014
                        5. Maslach-Hubbard A et al: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for pediatric respiratory failure: history, development and current status. World J Crit Care Med. 2(4):29-39, 2013
                        6. Dalton HJ et al: Extracorporeal life support: an update of Rogers' Textbook of Pediatric Intensive Care. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 13(4):461-71, 2012
                        7. Barnacle AM et al: The role of imaging during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in pediatric respiratory failure. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 186(1):58-66, 2006
                        8. Lidegran M et al: CT in the evaluation of patients on ECMO due to acute respiratory failure. Pediatr Radiol. 32(8):567-74, 2002
                        9. Kim ES et al: ECMO in the newborn. Am J Perinatol. 17(7):345-56, 2000
                        Related Anatomy
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                        Related Differential Diagnoses
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                        References
                        Tables

                        Tables

                        KEY FACTS

                        • Terminology

                          • Imaging

                            • Pathology

                              • Clinical Issues

                                TERMINOLOGY

                                • Definitions

                                  • Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO): Modified pulmonary or cardiopulmonary bypass circuit
                                  • Deoxygenated blood removed from venous system → oxygenated → returned to circulation via venous system [venovenous ECMO (VV-ECMO)] or arterial system [venoarterial ECMO (VA-ECMO)]

                                IMAGING

                                • Radiographic Findings

                                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                    • CT Findings

                                      • Imaging Recommendations

                                        PATHOLOGY

                                        • Complications

                                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                                          • Indications for ECMO

                                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                              Selected References

                                              1. Gehrmann LP et al: Pediatric extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: an introduction for emergency medicine physicians. J Emerg Med. 49(4):552-60, 2015
                                              2. Goodwin SJ et al: Chest computed tomography in children undergoing extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation: a 9-year single-centre experience. Pediatr Radiol. 44(6):750-60; quiz 747-9, 2014
                                              3. Mesher AL et al: Extracorporeal life support for the neonatal cardiac patient: outcomes and new directions. Semin Perinatol. 38(2):97-103, 2014
                                              4. van Heijst AF et al: ECMO in neonates: neuroimaging findings and outcome. Semin Perinatol. 38(2):104-13, 2014
                                              5. Maslach-Hubbard A et al: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for pediatric respiratory failure: history, development and current status. World J Crit Care Med. 2(4):29-39, 2013
                                              6. Dalton HJ et al: Extracorporeal life support: an update of Rogers' Textbook of Pediatric Intensive Care. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 13(4):461-71, 2012
                                              7. Barnacle AM et al: The role of imaging during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in pediatric respiratory failure. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 186(1):58-66, 2006
                                              8. Lidegran M et al: CT in the evaluation of patients on ECMO due to acute respiratory failure. Pediatr Radiol. 32(8):567-74, 2002
                                              9. Kim ES et al: ECMO in the newborn. Am J Perinatol. 17(7):345-56, 2000