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Embolism, Air
Helen T. Winer-Muram, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging Findings

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Abbreviations and Synonyms

              • Venous air embolism
              • Non-thrombotic pulmonary embolism
              • Systemic arterial air embolism
            • Definitions

              • Entry of air into the venous system
              • Venous air embolism: Entry of air via systemic veins
              • Systemic arterial air embolism: Entry of air usually via pulmonary veins

            IMAGING FINDINGS

            • General Features

              • Radiographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                    • Nonvascular Interventions

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                              • Microscopic Features

                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                • Presentation

                                  • Demographics

                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                      • Treatment

                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                        • Consider

                                          • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                            Selected References

                                            1. Imai S et al: Iatrogenic venous air embolism caused by CT injector--from a risk management point of view. Radiat Med. 22(4):269-71, 2004
                                            2. Han D et al: Thrombotic and nonthrombotic pulmonary arterial embolism: spectrum of imaging findings. Radiographics. 23(6):1521-39, 2003
                                            3. Aurora T et al: Iatrogenic venous air embolism. J Emerg Med. 18(2):255-6, 2000
                                            4. Rossi SE et al: Nonthrombotic pulmonary emboli. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 174(6):1499-508, 2000
                                            5. Kodama F et al: Fatal air embolism as a complication of CT-guided needle biopsy of the lung. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 23(6):949-51, 1999
                                            Related Anatomy
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                                            Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                            References
                                            Tables

                                            Tables

                                            KEY FACTS

                                            • Terminology

                                              • Imaging Findings

                                                • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                  • Pathology

                                                    • Clinical Issues

                                                      TERMINOLOGY

                                                      • Abbreviations and Synonyms

                                                        • Venous air embolism
                                                        • Non-thrombotic pulmonary embolism
                                                        • Systemic arterial air embolism
                                                      • Definitions

                                                        • Entry of air into the venous system
                                                        • Venous air embolism: Entry of air via systemic veins
                                                        • Systemic arterial air embolism: Entry of air usually via pulmonary veins

                                                      IMAGING FINDINGS

                                                      • General Features

                                                        • Radiographic Findings

                                                          • CT Findings

                                                            • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                              • Nonvascular Interventions

                                                                • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                                    • General Features

                                                                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                        • Microscopic Features

                                                                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                          • Presentation

                                                                            • Demographics

                                                                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                • Treatment

                                                                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                  • Consider

                                                                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                      Selected References

                                                                                      1. Imai S et al: Iatrogenic venous air embolism caused by CT injector--from a risk management point of view. Radiat Med. 22(4):269-71, 2004
                                                                                      2. Han D et al: Thrombotic and nonthrombotic pulmonary arterial embolism: spectrum of imaging findings. Radiographics. 23(6):1521-39, 2003
                                                                                      3. Aurora T et al: Iatrogenic venous air embolism. J Emerg Med. 18(2):255-6, 2000
                                                                                      4. Rossi SE et al: Nonthrombotic pulmonary emboli. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 174(6):1499-508, 2000
                                                                                      5. Kodama F et al: Fatal air embolism as a complication of CT-guided needle biopsy of the lung. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 23(6):949-51, 1999