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Embryology and Anatomy of Brain
Anne Kennedy, MD
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TERMINOLOGY

  • Definitions

    • Rostral: Cranial (i.e., toward head end of embryo)
    • Caudal: Tail (i.e., toward sacral end of embryo)

MAJOR EMBRYOLOGIC EVENTS

  • Neurulation

    • Neuronal Proliferation

      • Histogenesis

        • Neuronal Migration

          • Myelination

            • Operculization

              • Gyral and Sulcal Development

                CEREBRUM, CEREBELLUM, AND VENTRICLES

                • Cerebral Hemispheres

                  • Cerebellum

                    • Ventricles

                      IMAGING ISSUES

                      • Protocol Advice

                        • Imaging Pitfalls

                          Selected References

                          1. Pooh RK et al: Novel application of three-dimensional HDlive imaging in prenatal diagnosis from the first trimester. J Perinat Med. 43(2):147-58, 2015
                          2. Blaas HG: Detection of structural abnormalities in the first trimester using ultrasound. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 28(3):341-53, 2014
                          3. Pooh RK: Neurosonoembryology by three-dimensional ultrasound. Semin Fetal Neonatal Med. 17(5):261-8, 2012
                          4. Pooh RK et al: Imaging of the human embryo with magnetic resonance imaging microscopy and high-resolution transvaginal 3-dimensional sonography: human embryology in the 21st century. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 204(1):77.e1-16, 2011
                          5. Blaas HG et al: Sonoembryology and early prenatal diagnosis of neural anomalies. Prenat Diagn. 29(4):312-25, 2009
                          6. Kim MS et al: Three-dimensional sonographic evaluations of embryonic brain development. J Ultrasound Med. 27(1):119-24, 2008
                          7. Timor-Tritsch IE et al: Three-dimensional inversion rendering in the first- and early second-trimester fetal brain: its use in holoprosencephaly. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 32(6):744-50, 2008
                          Related Anatomy
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                          References
                          Tables

                          Tables

                          TERMINOLOGY

                          • Definitions

                            • Rostral: Cranial (i.e., toward head end of embryo)
                            • Caudal: Tail (i.e., toward sacral end of embryo)

                          MAJOR EMBRYOLOGIC EVENTS

                          • Neurulation

                            • Neuronal Proliferation

                              • Histogenesis

                                • Neuronal Migration

                                  • Myelination

                                    • Operculization

                                      • Gyral and Sulcal Development

                                        CEREBRUM, CEREBELLUM, AND VENTRICLES

                                        • Cerebral Hemispheres

                                          • Cerebellum

                                            • Ventricles

                                              IMAGING ISSUES

                                              • Protocol Advice

                                                • Imaging Pitfalls

                                                  Selected References

                                                  1. Pooh RK et al: Novel application of three-dimensional HDlive imaging in prenatal diagnosis from the first trimester. J Perinat Med. 43(2):147-58, 2015
                                                  2. Blaas HG: Detection of structural abnormalities in the first trimester using ultrasound. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 28(3):341-53, 2014
                                                  3. Pooh RK: Neurosonoembryology by three-dimensional ultrasound. Semin Fetal Neonatal Med. 17(5):261-8, 2012
                                                  4. Pooh RK et al: Imaging of the human embryo with magnetic resonance imaging microscopy and high-resolution transvaginal 3-dimensional sonography: human embryology in the 21st century. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 204(1):77.e1-16, 2011
                                                  5. Blaas HG et al: Sonoembryology and early prenatal diagnosis of neural anomalies. Prenat Diagn. 29(4):312-25, 2009
                                                  6. Kim MS et al: Three-dimensional sonographic evaluations of embryonic brain development. J Ultrasound Med. 27(1):119-24, 2008
                                                  7. Timor-Tritsch IE et al: Three-dimensional inversion rendering in the first- and early second-trimester fetal brain: its use in holoprosencephaly. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 32(6):744-50, 2008