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Embryology and Anatomy of the Cardiovascular System
Thomas A. Miller, DO; Michael D. Puchalski, MD
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EMBRYOLOGY OVERVIEW

  • Heart Fields

    • Primitive Heart Tube

      • Looping

        • Septation

          ARTERIAL EMBRYOLOGY

          • Aortic Arches

            • Conotruncus

              • Pulmonary Artery

                VENOUS EMBRYOLOGY

                • Sinus Venosus

                  • Systemic Vein Development

                    CARDIAC ANATOMY

                    • Segmental Nomenclature

                      • Normal Chamber/Vessel Morphology

                        CIRCULATION

                        • Fetoplacental

                          • Neonatal

                            Selected References

                            1. Prsa M et al: Reference ranges of blood flow in the major vessels of the normal human fetal circulation at term by phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 7(4):663-70, 2014
                            2. Miquerol L et al: Organogenesis of the vertebrate heart. Wiley Interdiscip Rev Dev Biol. 2(1):17-29, 2013
                            3. Sadler, TW et al: Langman's Medical Embryology. 12th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2012
                            4. Zaffran S et al: New developments in the second heart field. Differentiation. 84(1):17-24, 2012
                            5. Rudolph AM: Distribution and regulation of blood flow in the fetal and neonatal lamb. Circ Res. 57(6):811-21, 1985
                            Related Anatomy
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                            Related Differential Diagnoses
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                            References
                            Tables

                            Tables

                            EMBRYOLOGY OVERVIEW

                            • Heart Fields

                              • Primitive Heart Tube

                                • Looping

                                  • Septation

                                    ARTERIAL EMBRYOLOGY

                                    • Aortic Arches

                                      • Conotruncus

                                        • Pulmonary Artery

                                          VENOUS EMBRYOLOGY

                                          • Sinus Venosus

                                            • Systemic Vein Development

                                              CARDIAC ANATOMY

                                              • Segmental Nomenclature

                                                • Normal Chamber/Vessel Morphology

                                                  CIRCULATION

                                                  • Fetoplacental

                                                    • Neonatal

                                                      Selected References

                                                      1. Prsa M et al: Reference ranges of blood flow in the major vessels of the normal human fetal circulation at term by phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 7(4):663-70, 2014
                                                      2. Miquerol L et al: Organogenesis of the vertebrate heart. Wiley Interdiscip Rev Dev Biol. 2(1):17-29, 2013
                                                      3. Sadler, TW et al: Langman's Medical Embryology. 12th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2012
                                                      4. Zaffran S et al: New developments in the second heart field. Differentiation. 84(1):17-24, 2012
                                                      5. Rudolph AM: Distribution and regulation of blood flow in the fetal and neonatal lamb. Circ Res. 57(6):811-21, 1985