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Emphysematous Cholecystitis
Siva P. Raman, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Pathology

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Synonyms

            • Clostridial cholecystitis
          • Definitions

            • Rare form of acute cholecystitis due to secondary infection by a gas-forming organism

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Imaging Recommendations

              • Radiographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Ultrasonographic Findings

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                              • Microscopic Features

                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                • Presentation

                                  • Demographics

                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                      • Treatment

                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                        • Consider

                                          • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                            Selected References

                                            1. Oyedeji FO et al: Emphysematous Cholecystitis. Ultrasound Q. ePub, 2014
                                            2. Revzin MV et al: The gallbladder: uncommon gallbladder conditions and unusual presentations of the common gallbladder pathological processes. Abdom Imaging. Epub ahead of print, 2014
                                            3. Narese F et al: Emphysematous cholecystitis: Imaging findings. Clin Ter. 164(6):e519-22, 2013
                                            4. Patel NB et al: Multidetector CT of emergent biliary pathologic conditions. Radiographics. 33(7):1867-88, 2013
                                            5. Charalel RA et al: Complicated cholecystitis: the complementary roles of sonography and computed tomography. Ultrasound Q. 27(3):161-70, 2011
                                            6. Wu JM et al: Emphysematous cholecystitis. Am J Surg. 200(4):e53-4, 2010
                                            7. Elsayes KM et al: Gastrointestinal manifestations of diabetes mellitus: spectrum of imaging findings. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 33(1):86-9, 2009
                                            8. González Valverde FM et al: Emphysematous cholecystitis. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 5(3):e9, 2007
                                            9. Sonmez G et al: Education and imaging. Hepatobiliary and pancreatic: emphysematous cholecystitis. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 22(11):2035, 2007
                                            10. Watanabe Y et al: MR imaging of acute biliary disorders. Radiographics. 27(2):477-95, 2007
                                            11. Koenig T et al: Magnetic resonance imaging findings in emphysematous cholecystitis. Clin Radiol. 59(5):455-8, 2004
                                            12. Bennett GL et al: Ultrasound and CT evaluation of emergent gallbladder pathology. Radiol Clin North Am. 41(6):1203-16, 2003
                                            13. Konno K et al: Emphysematous cholecystitis: sonographic findings. Abdom Imaging. 27(2):191-5, 2002
                                            14. Van Dyck P et al: Acute emphysematous cholecystitis. JBR-BTR. 84(2):77, 2001
                                            15. Coulier B et al: Images in clinical radiology. Extensive emphysematous cholecystitis. JBR-BTR. 82(5):245, 1999
                                            16. Wu CS et al: Effervescent gallbladder: sonographic findings in emphysematous cholecystitis. J Clin Ultrasound. 26(5):272-5, 1998
                                            17. Gill KS et al: The changing face of emphysematous cholecystitis. Br J Radiol. 70(838):986-91, 1997
                                            Related Anatomy
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                                            Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                            References
                                            Tables

                                            Tables

                                            KEY FACTS

                                            • Terminology

                                              • Imaging

                                                • Pathology

                                                  • Clinical Issues

                                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                                    • Synonyms

                                                      • Clostridial cholecystitis
                                                    • Definitions

                                                      • Rare form of acute cholecystitis due to secondary infection by a gas-forming organism

                                                    IMAGING

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • Imaging Recommendations

                                                        • Radiographic Findings

                                                          • CT Findings

                                                            • MR Findings

                                                              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                                  • General Features

                                                                    • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                        • Microscopic Features

                                                                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                          • Presentation

                                                                            • Demographics

                                                                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                • Treatment

                                                                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                  • Consider

                                                                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                      Selected References

                                                                                      1. Oyedeji FO et al: Emphysematous Cholecystitis. Ultrasound Q. ePub, 2014
                                                                                      2. Revzin MV et al: The gallbladder: uncommon gallbladder conditions and unusual presentations of the common gallbladder pathological processes. Abdom Imaging. Epub ahead of print, 2014
                                                                                      3. Narese F et al: Emphysematous cholecystitis: Imaging findings. Clin Ter. 164(6):e519-22, 2013
                                                                                      4. Patel NB et al: Multidetector CT of emergent biliary pathologic conditions. Radiographics. 33(7):1867-88, 2013
                                                                                      5. Charalel RA et al: Complicated cholecystitis: the complementary roles of sonography and computed tomography. Ultrasound Q. 27(3):161-70, 2011
                                                                                      6. Wu JM et al: Emphysematous cholecystitis. Am J Surg. 200(4):e53-4, 2010
                                                                                      7. Elsayes KM et al: Gastrointestinal manifestations of diabetes mellitus: spectrum of imaging findings. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 33(1):86-9, 2009
                                                                                      8. González Valverde FM et al: Emphysematous cholecystitis. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 5(3):e9, 2007
                                                                                      9. Sonmez G et al: Education and imaging. Hepatobiliary and pancreatic: emphysematous cholecystitis. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 22(11):2035, 2007
                                                                                      10. Watanabe Y et al: MR imaging of acute biliary disorders. Radiographics. 27(2):477-95, 2007
                                                                                      11. Koenig T et al: Magnetic resonance imaging findings in emphysematous cholecystitis. Clin Radiol. 59(5):455-8, 2004
                                                                                      12. Bennett GL et al: Ultrasound and CT evaluation of emergent gallbladder pathology. Radiol Clin North Am. 41(6):1203-16, 2003
                                                                                      13. Konno K et al: Emphysematous cholecystitis: sonographic findings. Abdom Imaging. 27(2):191-5, 2002
                                                                                      14. Van Dyck P et al: Acute emphysematous cholecystitis. JBR-BTR. 84(2):77, 2001
                                                                                      15. Coulier B et al: Images in clinical radiology. Extensive emphysematous cholecystitis. JBR-BTR. 82(5):245, 1999
                                                                                      16. Wu CS et al: Effervescent gallbladder: sonographic findings in emphysematous cholecystitis. J Clin Ultrasound. 26(5):272-5, 1998
                                                                                      17. Gill KS et al: The changing face of emphysematous cholecystitis. Br J Radiol. 70(838):986-91, 1997