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Endometritis
Douglas Rogers, MD; Christine O. Menias, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Synonyms

              • Endometrial infection
            • Definitions

              • Ascending polymicrobial infection through cervix and into uterus

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                            • Microscopic Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Kitaya K et al: Endometritis: new time, new concepts. Fertil Steril. 110(3):344-50, 2018
                                          2. Revzin MV et al: Pelvic inflammatory disease: multimodality imaging approach with clinical-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 36(5):1579-96, 2016
                                          3. Plunk M et al: Imaging of postpartum complications: a multimodality review. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 200(2):W143-54, 2013
                                          4. Rodgers SK et al: Imaging after cesarean delivery: acute and chronic complications. Radiographics. 32(6):1693-712, 2012
                                          5. Cicchiello LA et al: Ultrasound evaluation of gynecologic causes of pelvic pain. Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am. 38(1):85-114, viii, 2011
                                          6. Vandermeermd FQ et al: Imaging of acute pelvic pain. Top Magn Reson Imaging. 21(4):201-11, 2010
                                          7. McEwing RL et al: Sonographic appearances of the endometrium after termination of pregnancy in asymptomatic versus symptomatic women. J Ultrasound Med. 28(5):579-86, 2009
                                          8. Vandermeer FQ et al: Imaging of acute pelvic pain. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 52(1):2-20, 2009
                                          9. Rufener SL et al: Sonography of uterine abnormalities in postpartum and postabortion patients: a potential pitfall of interpretation. J Ultrasound Med. 27(3):343-8, 2008
                                          10. Thomassin-Naggara I et al: [Imaging in pelvic inflammatory disease.] J Radiol. 89(1 Pt 2):134-41, 2008
                                          11. Menias CO et al: CT of pregnancy-related complications. Emerg Radiol. 13(6):299-306, 2007
                                          12. Kitamura Y et al: Imaging manifestations of complications associated with uterine artery embolization. Radiographics. 25 Suppl 1:S119-32, 2005
                                          13. Ghiatas AA: The spectrum of pelvic inflammatory disease. Eur Radiol. 14 Suppl 3:E184-92, 2004
                                          14. Lazebnik N et al: The role of ultrasound in pregnancy-related emergencies. Radiol Clin North Am. 42(2):315-27, 2004
                                          15. Eckert LO et al: Endometritis: the clinical-pathologic syndrome. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 186(4):690-5, 2002
                                          16. Sam JW et al: Spectrum of CT findings in acute pyogenic pelvic inflammatory disease. Radiographics. 22(6):1327-34, 2002
                                          17. Nalaboff KM et al: Imaging the endometrium: disease and normal variants. Radiographics. 21(6):1409-24, 2001
                                          18. Ebright JR et al: Non-surgical management of post-cesarean endomyometritis associated with myometrial gas formation. Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol. 8(3-4):181-3, 2000
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Pathology

                                                  • Clinical Issues

                                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                                    • Synonyms

                                                      • Endometrial infection
                                                    • Definitions

                                                      • Ascending polymicrobial infection through cervix and into uterus

                                                    IMAGING

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • CT Findings

                                                        • MR Findings

                                                          • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                            • Imaging Recommendations

                                                              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                PATHOLOGY

                                                                • General Features

                                                                  • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                    • Microscopic Features

                                                                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                      • Presentation

                                                                        • Demographics

                                                                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                            • Treatment

                                                                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                              • Consider

                                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Kitaya K et al: Endometritis: new time, new concepts. Fertil Steril. 110(3):344-50, 2018
                                                                                  2. Revzin MV et al: Pelvic inflammatory disease: multimodality imaging approach with clinical-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 36(5):1579-96, 2016
                                                                                  3. Plunk M et al: Imaging of postpartum complications: a multimodality review. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 200(2):W143-54, 2013
                                                                                  4. Rodgers SK et al: Imaging after cesarean delivery: acute and chronic complications. Radiographics. 32(6):1693-712, 2012
                                                                                  5. Cicchiello LA et al: Ultrasound evaluation of gynecologic causes of pelvic pain. Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am. 38(1):85-114, viii, 2011
                                                                                  6. Vandermeermd FQ et al: Imaging of acute pelvic pain. Top Magn Reson Imaging. 21(4):201-11, 2010
                                                                                  7. McEwing RL et al: Sonographic appearances of the endometrium after termination of pregnancy in asymptomatic versus symptomatic women. J Ultrasound Med. 28(5):579-86, 2009
                                                                                  8. Vandermeer FQ et al: Imaging of acute pelvic pain. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 52(1):2-20, 2009
                                                                                  9. Rufener SL et al: Sonography of uterine abnormalities in postpartum and postabortion patients: a potential pitfall of interpretation. J Ultrasound Med. 27(3):343-8, 2008
                                                                                  10. Thomassin-Naggara I et al: [Imaging in pelvic inflammatory disease.] J Radiol. 89(1 Pt 2):134-41, 2008
                                                                                  11. Menias CO et al: CT of pregnancy-related complications. Emerg Radiol. 13(6):299-306, 2007
                                                                                  12. Kitamura Y et al: Imaging manifestations of complications associated with uterine artery embolization. Radiographics. 25 Suppl 1:S119-32, 2005
                                                                                  13. Ghiatas AA: The spectrum of pelvic inflammatory disease. Eur Radiol. 14 Suppl 3:E184-92, 2004
                                                                                  14. Lazebnik N et al: The role of ultrasound in pregnancy-related emergencies. Radiol Clin North Am. 42(2):315-27, 2004
                                                                                  15. Eckert LO et al: Endometritis: the clinical-pathologic syndrome. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 186(4):690-5, 2002
                                                                                  16. Sam JW et al: Spectrum of CT findings in acute pyogenic pelvic inflammatory disease. Radiographics. 22(6):1327-34, 2002
                                                                                  17. Nalaboff KM et al: Imaging the endometrium: disease and normal variants. Radiographics. 21(6):1409-24, 2001
                                                                                  18. Ebright JR et al: Non-surgical management of post-cesarean endomyometritis associated with myometrial gas formation. Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol. 8(3-4):181-3, 2000