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Endometritis
Christine O. Menias, MD; Ilse Castro-Aragon, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Synonyms

                • Endometrial infection
              • Definitions

                • Polymicrobial infection originates from ascending spread of infecting organisms through cervix and into uterus

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Ultrasonographic Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                              • Microscopic Features

                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                • Presentation

                                  • Demographics

                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                      • Treatment

                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                        • Consider

                                          • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                            Selected References

                                            1. Plunk M et al: Imaging of postpartum complications: a multimodality review. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 200(2):W143-54, 2013
                                            2. Rodgers SK et al: Imaging after cesarean delivery: acute and chronic complications. Radiographics. 32(6):1693-712, 2012
                                            3. Cicchiello LA et al: Ultrasound evaluation of gynecologic causes of pelvic pain. Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am. 38(1):85-114, viii, 2011
                                            4. Vandermeermd FQ et al: Imaging of acute pelvic pain. Top Magn Reson Imaging. 21(4):201-11, 2010
                                            5. McEwing RL et al: Sonographic appearances of the endometrium after termination of pregnancy in asymptomatic versus symptomatic women. J Ultrasound Med. 28(5):579-86, 2009
                                            6. Vandermeer FQ et al: Imaging of acute pelvic pain. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 52(1):2-20, 2009
                                            7. Rufener SL et al: Sonography of uterine abnormalities in postpartum and postabortion patients: a potential pitfall of interpretation. J Ultrasound Med. 27(3):343-8, 2008
                                            8. Thomassin-Naggara I et al: [Imaging in pelvic inflammatory disease.] J Radiol. 89(1 Pt 2):134-41, 2008
                                            9. Menias CO et al: CT of pregnancy-related complications. Emerg Radiol. 13(6):299-306, 2007
                                            10. Kitamura Y et al: Imaging manifestations of complications associated with uterine artery embolization. Radiographics. 25 Suppl 1:S119-32, 2005
                                            11. Ghiatas AA: The spectrum of pelvic inflammatory disease. Eur Radiol. 14 Suppl 3:E184-92, 2004
                                            12. Lazebnik N et al: The role of ultrasound in pregnancy-related emergencies. Radiol Clin North Am. 42(2):315-27, 2004
                                            13. Eckert LO et al: Endometritis: the clinical-pathologic syndrome. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 186(4):690-5, 2002
                                            14. Sam JW et al: Spectrum of CT findings in acute pyogenic pelvic inflammatory disease. Radiographics. 22(6):1327-34, 2002
                                            15. Nalaboff KM et al: Imaging the endometrium: disease and normal variants. Radiographics. 21(6):1409-24, 2001
                                            16. Ebright JR et al: Non-surgical management of post-cesarean endomyometritis associated with myometrial gas formation. Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol. 8(3-4):181-3, 2000
                                            Related Anatomy
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                                            Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                            References
                                            Tables

                                            Tables

                                            KEY FACTS

                                            • Terminology

                                              • Imaging

                                                • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                  • Pathology

                                                    • Clinical Issues

                                                      • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                                        • Synonyms

                                                          • Endometrial infection
                                                        • Definitions

                                                          • Polymicrobial infection originates from ascending spread of infecting organisms through cervix and into uterus

                                                        IMAGING

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • CT Findings

                                                            • MR Findings

                                                              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                                • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                                    • General Features

                                                                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                        • Microscopic Features

                                                                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                          • Presentation

                                                                            • Demographics

                                                                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                • Treatment

                                                                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                  • Consider

                                                                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                      Selected References

                                                                                      1. Plunk M et al: Imaging of postpartum complications: a multimodality review. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 200(2):W143-54, 2013
                                                                                      2. Rodgers SK et al: Imaging after cesarean delivery: acute and chronic complications. Radiographics. 32(6):1693-712, 2012
                                                                                      3. Cicchiello LA et al: Ultrasound evaluation of gynecologic causes of pelvic pain. Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am. 38(1):85-114, viii, 2011
                                                                                      4. Vandermeermd FQ et al: Imaging of acute pelvic pain. Top Magn Reson Imaging. 21(4):201-11, 2010
                                                                                      5. McEwing RL et al: Sonographic appearances of the endometrium after termination of pregnancy in asymptomatic versus symptomatic women. J Ultrasound Med. 28(5):579-86, 2009
                                                                                      6. Vandermeer FQ et al: Imaging of acute pelvic pain. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 52(1):2-20, 2009
                                                                                      7. Rufener SL et al: Sonography of uterine abnormalities in postpartum and postabortion patients: a potential pitfall of interpretation. J Ultrasound Med. 27(3):343-8, 2008
                                                                                      8. Thomassin-Naggara I et al: [Imaging in pelvic inflammatory disease.] J Radiol. 89(1 Pt 2):134-41, 2008
                                                                                      9. Menias CO et al: CT of pregnancy-related complications. Emerg Radiol. 13(6):299-306, 2007
                                                                                      10. Kitamura Y et al: Imaging manifestations of complications associated with uterine artery embolization. Radiographics. 25 Suppl 1:S119-32, 2005
                                                                                      11. Ghiatas AA: The spectrum of pelvic inflammatory disease. Eur Radiol. 14 Suppl 3:E184-92, 2004
                                                                                      12. Lazebnik N et al: The role of ultrasound in pregnancy-related emergencies. Radiol Clin North Am. 42(2):315-27, 2004
                                                                                      13. Eckert LO et al: Endometritis: the clinical-pathologic syndrome. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 186(4):690-5, 2002
                                                                                      14. Sam JW et al: Spectrum of CT findings in acute pyogenic pelvic inflammatory disease. Radiographics. 22(6):1327-34, 2002
                                                                                      15. Nalaboff KM et al: Imaging the endometrium: disease and normal variants. Radiographics. 21(6):1409-24, 2001
                                                                                      16. Ebright JR et al: Non-surgical management of post-cesarean endomyometritis associated with myometrial gas formation. Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol. 8(3-4):181-3, 2000