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Enhancing Cranial Nerve(s)
Daniel E. Meltzer, MD; Anne G. Osborn, MD, FACR
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DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

    ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

    • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

      • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

        • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

          • Helpful Clues for Rare Diagnoses

            Selected References

            1. Badger D et al: Imaging of perineural spread in head and neck cancer. Radiol Clin North Am. 55(1):139-149, 2017
            2. Lewis RA: Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy. Curr Opin Neurol. 30(5): 508-512, 2017
            3. Drenckhahn A et al: Acute isolated partial oculomotor nerve palsy due to Lyme neuroborreliosis in a 5 year old girl. Eur J Paediatr Neurol. 20(6):977-979, 2016
            4. Hyun JW et al: Leptomeningeal metastasis: Clinical experience of 519 cases. Eur J Cancer. 56:107-14, 2016
            5. Stivaros SM et al: Multiple synchronous sites of origin of vestibular schwannomas in neurofibromatosis Type 2. J Med Genet. 52(8):557-62, 2015
            6. Wang JJ et al: Ramsay Hunt syndrome in a patient with H7N9 influenza virus infection. Chin Med J (Engl). 128(3):417-8, 2015
            7. Bester M et al: Neuroimaging of multiple sclerosis, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, and other demyelinating diseases. Semin Roentgenol. 49(1):76-85, 2014
            8. Brea Álvarez B et al: Perineural spread in head and neck tumors. Radiologia. 56(5):400-12, 2014
            9. Glass LR et al: Optic nerve glioma: case series with review of clinical, radiologic, molecular, and histopathologic characteristics. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg. 30(5):372-6, 2014
            10. Marin SE et al: The magnetic resonance imaging appearance of monophasic acute disseminated encephalomyelitis: an update post application of the 2007 consensus criteria. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 23(2):245-66, 2013
            11. Khanna S et al: Magnetic resonance imaging of optic neuritis in patients with neuromyelitis optica versus multiple sclerosis. J Neuroophthalmol. 32(3):216-20, 2012
            12. Loor RG et al: Multiple cranial nerve dysfunction caused by neurosarcoidosis. Am J Otolaryngol. 33(4):484-6, 2012
            13. Kale HA et al: Magnetic resonance imaging findings in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy with intracranial findings and enhancing, thickened cranial and spinal nerves. Australas Radiol. 51 Spec No, 2007
            Related Anatomy
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            Related Differential Diagnoses
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            References
            Tables

            Tables

            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

              ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

              • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

                • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

                  • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

                    • Helpful Clues for Rare Diagnoses

                      Selected References

                      1. Badger D et al: Imaging of perineural spread in head and neck cancer. Radiol Clin North Am. 55(1):139-149, 2017
                      2. Lewis RA: Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy. Curr Opin Neurol. 30(5): 508-512, 2017
                      3. Drenckhahn A et al: Acute isolated partial oculomotor nerve palsy due to Lyme neuroborreliosis in a 5 year old girl. Eur J Paediatr Neurol. 20(6):977-979, 2016
                      4. Hyun JW et al: Leptomeningeal metastasis: Clinical experience of 519 cases. Eur J Cancer. 56:107-14, 2016
                      5. Stivaros SM et al: Multiple synchronous sites of origin of vestibular schwannomas in neurofibromatosis Type 2. J Med Genet. 52(8):557-62, 2015
                      6. Wang JJ et al: Ramsay Hunt syndrome in a patient with H7N9 influenza virus infection. Chin Med J (Engl). 128(3):417-8, 2015
                      7. Bester M et al: Neuroimaging of multiple sclerosis, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, and other demyelinating diseases. Semin Roentgenol. 49(1):76-85, 2014
                      8. Brea Álvarez B et al: Perineural spread in head and neck tumors. Radiologia. 56(5):400-12, 2014
                      9. Glass LR et al: Optic nerve glioma: case series with review of clinical, radiologic, molecular, and histopathologic characteristics. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg. 30(5):372-6, 2014
                      10. Marin SE et al: The magnetic resonance imaging appearance of monophasic acute disseminated encephalomyelitis: an update post application of the 2007 consensus criteria. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 23(2):245-66, 2013
                      11. Khanna S et al: Magnetic resonance imaging of optic neuritis in patients with neuromyelitis optica versus multiple sclerosis. J Neuroophthalmol. 32(3):216-20, 2012
                      12. Loor RG et al: Multiple cranial nerve dysfunction caused by neurosarcoidosis. Am J Otolaryngol. 33(4):484-6, 2012
                      13. Kale HA et al: Magnetic resonance imaging findings in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy with intracranial findings and enhancing, thickened cranial and spinal nerves. Australas Radiol. 51 Spec No, 2007