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Epidural Hematoma, Classic
Anne G. Osborn, MD, FACR
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Abbreviations

              • Acute epidural hematoma (aEDH)
            • Definitions

              • Blood collection between inner table of skull and outer (periosteal) layer of dura

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Angiographic Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                      Selected References

                                      1. Iranmehr A et al: Traumatic acute convexity interdural hematoma: a case report and literature review. Br J Neurosurg. 1-3, 2020
                                      2. Klepinowski T et al: Acute-on-chronic vertex epidural hematoma with diastasis of the sagittal suture in an adult: a case report. World Neurosurg. 139:245-9, 2020
                                      3. Parker SL et al: Management of venous sinus-related epidural hematomas. World Neurosurg. 138:e241-50, 2020
                                      4. Sakamoto D et al: Two pediatric cases of epidural hematoma in the posterior fossa with extension along the sigmoid sinus groove: MR evaluation. Acta Radiol Open. 9(2):2058460120902894, 2020
                                      5. Umana GE et al: Chronic epidural hematoma caused by traumatic intracranial pseudoaneurysm of the middle meningeal artery: review of the literature with a focus on this unique entity. World Neurosurg. 136:198-204, 2020
                                      6. Berg A et al: Delayed evolving epidural hematoma in the setting of a depressed skull fracture: a case report and review of the literature. Trauma Case Rep. 22:100193, 2019
                                      7. Bounajem MT et al: Management of epidural hematomas in pediatric patients presenting with a GCS of 14 or better. J Clin Neurosci. 70:118-22, 2019
                                      8. Gupta VK et al: "Swirl sign" in extradural hematoma. World Neurosurg. 121:95-6, 2019
                                      9. Piccirilli M et al: A rare case of retroclival epidural hematoma: case report and review of the literature. Acta Neurol Belg. ePub, 2019
                                      10. Rosa Júnior M et al: Swirl sign in epidural hematoma. Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 77(2):140-1, 2019
                                      11. Samanci Y et al: Traumatic retroclival epidural hematoma. Pediatr Emerg Care. 35(10):e184-7, 2019
                                      12. Samples DC et al: Role of follow-up CT scans in the management of traumatic pediatric epidural hematomas. Childs Nerv Syst. 35(11):2195-203, 2019
                                      13. Flaherty BF et al: Repeat head CT for expectant management of traumatic epidural hematoma. Pediatrics. 142(3):e20180385, 2018
                                      14. Gekat W et al: SDH and EDH in children up to 18 years of age-a clinical collective in the view of forensic considerations. Int J Legal Med. 132(6):1719-27, 2018
                                      15. Zwayed ARH et al: Conservative management of extradural hematoma: a report of sixty-two cases. Neurol Clin Neurosci. 2(2):5-9, 2018
                                      16. Peres CM et al: Endovascular management of acute epidural hematomas: clinical experience with 80 cases. J Neurosurg. 1-7, 2017
                                      Related Anatomy
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                                      Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                      References
                                      Tables

                                      Tables

                                      KEY FACTS

                                      • Terminology

                                        • Imaging

                                          • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                            • Pathology

                                              • Clinical Issues

                                                TERMINOLOGY

                                                • Abbreviations

                                                  • Acute epidural hematoma (aEDH)
                                                • Definitions

                                                  • Blood collection between inner table of skull and outer (periosteal) layer of dura

                                                IMAGING

                                                • General Features

                                                  • CT Findings

                                                    • MR Findings

                                                      • Angiographic Findings

                                                        • Imaging Recommendations

                                                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                            PATHOLOGY

                                                            • General Features

                                                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                • Presentation

                                                                  • Demographics

                                                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                      • Treatment

                                                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                          Selected References

                                                                          1. Iranmehr A et al: Traumatic acute convexity interdural hematoma: a case report and literature review. Br J Neurosurg. 1-3, 2020
                                                                          2. Klepinowski T et al: Acute-on-chronic vertex epidural hematoma with diastasis of the sagittal suture in an adult: a case report. World Neurosurg. 139:245-9, 2020
                                                                          3. Parker SL et al: Management of venous sinus-related epidural hematomas. World Neurosurg. 138:e241-50, 2020
                                                                          4. Sakamoto D et al: Two pediatric cases of epidural hematoma in the posterior fossa with extension along the sigmoid sinus groove: MR evaluation. Acta Radiol Open. 9(2):2058460120902894, 2020
                                                                          5. Umana GE et al: Chronic epidural hematoma caused by traumatic intracranial pseudoaneurysm of the middle meningeal artery: review of the literature with a focus on this unique entity. World Neurosurg. 136:198-204, 2020
                                                                          6. Berg A et al: Delayed evolving epidural hematoma in the setting of a depressed skull fracture: a case report and review of the literature. Trauma Case Rep. 22:100193, 2019
                                                                          7. Bounajem MT et al: Management of epidural hematomas in pediatric patients presenting with a GCS of 14 or better. J Clin Neurosci. 70:118-22, 2019
                                                                          8. Gupta VK et al: "Swirl sign" in extradural hematoma. World Neurosurg. 121:95-6, 2019
                                                                          9. Piccirilli M et al: A rare case of retroclival epidural hematoma: case report and review of the literature. Acta Neurol Belg. ePub, 2019
                                                                          10. Rosa Júnior M et al: Swirl sign in epidural hematoma. Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 77(2):140-1, 2019
                                                                          11. Samanci Y et al: Traumatic retroclival epidural hematoma. Pediatr Emerg Care. 35(10):e184-7, 2019
                                                                          12. Samples DC et al: Role of follow-up CT scans in the management of traumatic pediatric epidural hematomas. Childs Nerv Syst. 35(11):2195-203, 2019
                                                                          13. Flaherty BF et al: Repeat head CT for expectant management of traumatic epidural hematoma. Pediatrics. 142(3):e20180385, 2018
                                                                          14. Gekat W et al: SDH and EDH in children up to 18 years of age-a clinical collective in the view of forensic considerations. Int J Legal Med. 132(6):1719-27, 2018
                                                                          15. Zwayed ARH et al: Conservative management of extradural hematoma: a report of sixty-two cases. Neurol Clin Neurosci. 2(2):5-9, 2018
                                                                          16. Peres CM et al: Endovascular management of acute epidural hematomas: clinical experience with 80 cases. J Neurosurg. 1-7, 2017