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Fibroma
Robert C. Groves, MD; John D. Grizzard, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Synonyms

            • Fibrous hamartoma
            • Fibroelastic hamartoma
          • Definitions

            • Benign congenital cardiac neoplasm composed of fibroblasts and abundant collagen

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Radiographic Findings

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Echocardiographic Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                            • Microscopic Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                          • Reporting Tips

                                            Selected References

                                            1. Jones JP et al: Ventricular fibromas in children, arrhythmia risk, and outcomes: a multicenter study. Heart Rhythm. 15(10):1507-12, 2018
                                            2. Beroukhim RS et al: Characterization of cardiac tumors in children by cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging: a multicenter experience. J Am Coll Cardiol. 58(10):1044-54, 2011
                                            3. Burke A et al: Pediatric heart tumors. Cardiovasc Pathol. 17(4):193-8, 2008
                                            4. Araoz PA et al: CT and MR imaging of benign primary cardiac neoplasms with echocardiographic correlation. Radiographics. 20(5):1303-19, 2000
                                            5. Becker AE: Primary heart tumors in the pediatric age group: a review of salient pathologic features relevant for clinicians. Pediatr Cardiol. 21(4):317-23, 2000
                                            6. Grebenc ML et al: Primary cardiac and pericardial neoplasms: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 20(4):1073-103; quiz 1110-1, 1112, 2000
                                            7. Burke AP et al: Cardiac fibroma: clinicopathologic correlates and surgical treatment. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 108(5):862-70, 1994
                                            Related Anatomy
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                                            Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                            References
                                            Tables

                                            Tables

                                            KEY FACTS

                                            • Terminology

                                              • Imaging

                                                • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                  • Clinical Issues

                                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                                    • Synonyms

                                                      • Fibrous hamartoma
                                                      • Fibroelastic hamartoma
                                                    • Definitions

                                                      • Benign congenital cardiac neoplasm composed of fibroblasts and abundant collagen

                                                    IMAGING

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • Radiographic Findings

                                                        • CT Findings

                                                          • MR Findings

                                                            • Echocardiographic Findings

                                                              • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                                  • General Features

                                                                    • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                      • Microscopic Features

                                                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                        • Presentation

                                                                          • Demographics

                                                                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                              • Treatment

                                                                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                • Consider

                                                                                  • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                    • Reporting Tips

                                                                                      Selected References

                                                                                      1. Jones JP et al: Ventricular fibromas in children, arrhythmia risk, and outcomes: a multicenter study. Heart Rhythm. 15(10):1507-12, 2018
                                                                                      2. Beroukhim RS et al: Characterization of cardiac tumors in children by cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging: a multicenter experience. J Am Coll Cardiol. 58(10):1044-54, 2011
                                                                                      3. Burke A et al: Pediatric heart tumors. Cardiovasc Pathol. 17(4):193-8, 2008
                                                                                      4. Araoz PA et al: CT and MR imaging of benign primary cardiac neoplasms with echocardiographic correlation. Radiographics. 20(5):1303-19, 2000
                                                                                      5. Becker AE: Primary heart tumors in the pediatric age group: a review of salient pathologic features relevant for clinicians. Pediatr Cardiol. 21(4):317-23, 2000
                                                                                      6. Grebenc ML et al: Primary cardiac and pericardial neoplasms: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 20(4):1073-103; quiz 1110-1, 1112, 2000
                                                                                      7. Burke AP et al: Cardiac fibroma: clinicopathologic correlates and surgical treatment. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 108(5):862-70, 1994