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Fibromatosis Colli
Bernadette L. Koch, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Synonyms

            • Sternocleidomastoid (SCM) tumor of infancy
            • Congenital muscular torticollis
              • Some literature includes 3 clinical subgroups
                • SCM tumor of infancy
                • Muscular torticollis: "Tightness" without mass
                • Postural torticollis: Torticollis without mass or "tightness"
          • Definitions

            • Nonneoplastic SCM muscle enlargement in early infancy

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Radiographic Findings

              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                            • Microscopic Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Kumar B et al: Diagnosis of sternomastoid tumor of infancy by fine-needle aspiration cytology. Diagn Cytopathol. 39(1):13-7, 2011
                                          2. Lowry KC et al: The presentation and management of fibromatosis colli. Ear Nose Throat J. 89(9):E4-8, 2010
                                          3. Murphey MD et al: From the archives of the AFIP: musculoskeletal fibromatoses: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 29(7):2143-73, 2009
                                          4. Nayak SP et al: Cytodiagnosis of fibromatosis colli. Cytopathology. 18(4):266-8, 2007
                                          5. Ekinci S et al: Infantile fibromatosis of the sternocleidomastoid muscle mimicking muscular torticollis. J Pediatr Surg. 39(9):1424-5, 2004
                                          6. Kumar V et al: Bilateral sternocleidomastoid tumor of infancy. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 67(6):673-5, 2003
                                          7. Sharma S et al: Fibromatosis colli in infants. A cytologic study of eight cases. Acta Cytol. 47(3):359-62, 2003
                                          8. Cheng JC et al: Sternocleidomastoid pseudotumor and congenital muscular torticollis in infants: a prospective study of 510 cases. J Pediatr. 134(6):712-6, 1999
                                          9. Demirbilek S et al: Congenital muscular torticollis and sternomastoid tumor: results of nonoperative treatment. J Pediatr Surg. 34(4):549-51, 1999
                                          10. Jaber MR et al: Sternocleidomastoid tumor of infancy: two cases of an interesting entity. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 47(3):269-74, 1999
                                          11. Tufano RP et al: Bilateral sternocleidomastoid tumors of infancy. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 51(1):41-5, 1999
                                          12. Ablin DS et al: Ultrasound and MR imaging of fibromatosis colli (sternomastoid tumor of infancy). Pediatr Radiol. 28(4):230-3, 1998
                                          13. Bedi DG et al: Fibromatosis colli of infancy: variability of sonographic appearance. J Clin Ultrasound. 26(7):345-8, 1998
                                          14. Eich GF et al: Fibrous tumours in children: imaging features of a heterogeneous group of disorders. Pediatr Radiol. 28(7):500-9, 1998
                                          15. Snitzer EL et al: Magnetic resonance imaging appearance of fibromatosis colli. Magn Reson Imaging. 15(7):869-71, 1997
                                          16. Youkilis RA et al: Ultrasonographic imaging of sternocleidomastoid tumor of infancy. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 104(4 Pt 1):323-5, 1995
                                          17. Campbell RE et al: Image interpretation session: 1993. Fibromatosis colli. Radiographics. 14(1):208-9, 1994
                                          18. Norton KI et al: Sternocleidomastoid tumor of infancy: CT manifestations. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 15(1):158-9, 1991
                                          19. Crawford SC et al: Fibromatosis colli of infancy: CT and sonographic findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 151(6):1183-4, 1988
                                          20. Tom LW et al: The sternocleidomastoid tumor of infancy. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 13(3):245-55, 1987
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Clinical Issues

                                                  TERMINOLOGY

                                                  • Synonyms

                                                    • Sternocleidomastoid (SCM) tumor of infancy
                                                    • Congenital muscular torticollis
                                                      • Some literature includes 3 clinical subgroups
                                                        • SCM tumor of infancy
                                                        • Muscular torticollis: "Tightness" without mass
                                                        • Postural torticollis: Torticollis without mass or "tightness"
                                                  • Definitions

                                                    • Nonneoplastic SCM muscle enlargement in early infancy

                                                  IMAGING

                                                  • General Features

                                                    • Radiographic Findings

                                                      • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                        • CT Findings

                                                          • MR Findings

                                                            • Imaging Recommendations

                                                              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                PATHOLOGY

                                                                • General Features

                                                                  • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                    • Microscopic Features

                                                                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                      • Presentation

                                                                        • Demographics

                                                                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                            • Treatment

                                                                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                              • Consider

                                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Kumar B et al: Diagnosis of sternomastoid tumor of infancy by fine-needle aspiration cytology. Diagn Cytopathol. 39(1):13-7, 2011
                                                                                  2. Lowry KC et al: The presentation and management of fibromatosis colli. Ear Nose Throat J. 89(9):E4-8, 2010
                                                                                  3. Murphey MD et al: From the archives of the AFIP: musculoskeletal fibromatoses: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 29(7):2143-73, 2009
                                                                                  4. Nayak SP et al: Cytodiagnosis of fibromatosis colli. Cytopathology. 18(4):266-8, 2007
                                                                                  5. Ekinci S et al: Infantile fibromatosis of the sternocleidomastoid muscle mimicking muscular torticollis. J Pediatr Surg. 39(9):1424-5, 2004
                                                                                  6. Kumar V et al: Bilateral sternocleidomastoid tumor of infancy. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 67(6):673-5, 2003
                                                                                  7. Sharma S et al: Fibromatosis colli in infants. A cytologic study of eight cases. Acta Cytol. 47(3):359-62, 2003
                                                                                  8. Cheng JC et al: Sternocleidomastoid pseudotumor and congenital muscular torticollis in infants: a prospective study of 510 cases. J Pediatr. 134(6):712-6, 1999
                                                                                  9. Demirbilek S et al: Congenital muscular torticollis and sternomastoid tumor: results of nonoperative treatment. J Pediatr Surg. 34(4):549-51, 1999
                                                                                  10. Jaber MR et al: Sternocleidomastoid tumor of infancy: two cases of an interesting entity. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 47(3):269-74, 1999
                                                                                  11. Tufano RP et al: Bilateral sternocleidomastoid tumors of infancy. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 51(1):41-5, 1999
                                                                                  12. Ablin DS et al: Ultrasound and MR imaging of fibromatosis colli (sternomastoid tumor of infancy). Pediatr Radiol. 28(4):230-3, 1998
                                                                                  13. Bedi DG et al: Fibromatosis colli of infancy: variability of sonographic appearance. J Clin Ultrasound. 26(7):345-8, 1998
                                                                                  14. Eich GF et al: Fibrous tumours in children: imaging features of a heterogeneous group of disorders. Pediatr Radiol. 28(7):500-9, 1998
                                                                                  15. Snitzer EL et al: Magnetic resonance imaging appearance of fibromatosis colli. Magn Reson Imaging. 15(7):869-71, 1997
                                                                                  16. Youkilis RA et al: Ultrasonographic imaging of sternocleidomastoid tumor of infancy. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 104(4 Pt 1):323-5, 1995
                                                                                  17. Campbell RE et al: Image interpretation session: 1993. Fibromatosis colli. Radiographics. 14(1):208-9, 1994
                                                                                  18. Norton KI et al: Sternocleidomastoid tumor of infancy: CT manifestations. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 15(1):158-9, 1991
                                                                                  19. Crawford SC et al: Fibromatosis colli of infancy: CT and sonographic findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 151(6):1183-4, 1988
                                                                                  20. Tom LW et al: The sternocleidomastoid tumor of infancy. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 13(3):245-55, 1987