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Fibromatosis Colli
Eric Walker, MD, MHA, FACR, FACHE; Catherine C. Roberts, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Clinical Issues

        TERMINOLOGY

        • Synonyms

          • Congenital muscle torticollis, pseudotumor of infancy, sternocleidomastoid tumor of infancy, sternocleidomastoid tumor torticollis
        • Definitions

          • Benign, self-limited fibrous proliferation occurring in sternocleidomastoid muscle of infant

        IMAGING

        • General Features

          • Radiographic Findings

            • CT Findings

              • MR Findings

                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    PATHOLOGY

                    • General Features

                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                        • Microscopic Features

                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                          • Presentation

                            • Demographics

                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                • Treatment

                                  Selected References

                                  1. Alrashidi N: Fibromatosis colli or pseudotumour of sternocleidomastoid muscle, a rare infantile neck swelling. Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. ePub, 2021
                                  2. Chauvin NA et al: Musculoskeletal imaging in neonates: use of ultrasound. Pediatr Radiol. ePub, 2021
                                  3. Kaur N et al: Sternocleidomastoid tumor of infancy-Importance of cytopathological diagnosis and challenges. Diagn Cytopathol. 49(4):533-9, 2021
                                  4. Davis JL et al: Fibromatosis colli. In Fletcher CDM et al: World Health Organization Classification of Tumours: Soft Tissue and Bone Tumours. 5th ed. IARC Press. 61-2, 2020
                                  5. Wojcicki KM et al: Fibromatosis colli spuriously presenting as a retropharyngeal mass on cervical spine radiographs. Intern Emerg Med. 11(2):277-9, 2015
                                  6. Khan S et al: Fibromatosis colli - a rare cytological diagnosis in infantile neck swellings. J Clin Diagn Res. 8(11):FD08-9, 2014
                                  7. Kransdorf MJ et al: Fibrous and fibrohistiocytic tumors. In Kransdorf MJ et al: Imaging of Soft Tissue Tumors. 3rd ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 257-9, 2014
                                  8. Murphey MD et al: From the archives of the AFIP: musculoskeletal fibromatoses: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 29(7):2143-73, 2009
                                  9. Weiss SW et al: Fibrous tumors of infancy and childhood. In Weiss SW et al: Enzinger and Weiss' Soft Tissue Tumors. 5th ed. Elsevier. 273-5, 2008
                                  10. O'Connell J et al: Fibromatosis colli. In Fletcher CDM et al: World Health Organization Classification of Tumours. Pathology and Genetics of Tumours of Soft Tissue and Bone. IARC Press. 61-2, 2002
                                  11. Robbin MR et al: Imaging of musculoskeletal fibromatosis. Radiographics. 21(3):585-600, 2001
                                  12. Bedi DG et al: Fibromatosis colli of infancy: variability of sonographic appearance. J Clin Ultrasound. 26(7):345-8, 1998
                                  13. Vazquez E et al: US, CT, and MR imaging of neck lesions in children. Radiographics. 15(1):105-22, 1995
                                  Related Anatomy
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                                  References
                                  Tables

                                  Tables

                                  KEY FACTS

                                  • Terminology

                                    • Imaging

                                      • Clinical Issues

                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                        • Synonyms

                                          • Congenital muscle torticollis, pseudotumor of infancy, sternocleidomastoid tumor of infancy, sternocleidomastoid tumor torticollis
                                        • Definitions

                                          • Benign, self-limited fibrous proliferation occurring in sternocleidomastoid muscle of infant

                                        IMAGING

                                        • General Features

                                          • Radiographic Findings

                                            • CT Findings

                                              • MR Findings

                                                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                  • Imaging Recommendations

                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                        • Microscopic Features

                                                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                          • Presentation

                                                            • Demographics

                                                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                • Treatment

                                                                  Selected References

                                                                  1. Alrashidi N: Fibromatosis colli or pseudotumour of sternocleidomastoid muscle, a rare infantile neck swelling. Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. ePub, 2021
                                                                  2. Chauvin NA et al: Musculoskeletal imaging in neonates: use of ultrasound. Pediatr Radiol. ePub, 2021
                                                                  3. Kaur N et al: Sternocleidomastoid tumor of infancy-Importance of cytopathological diagnosis and challenges. Diagn Cytopathol. 49(4):533-9, 2021
                                                                  4. Davis JL et al: Fibromatosis colli. In Fletcher CDM et al: World Health Organization Classification of Tumours: Soft Tissue and Bone Tumours. 5th ed. IARC Press. 61-2, 2020
                                                                  5. Wojcicki KM et al: Fibromatosis colli spuriously presenting as a retropharyngeal mass on cervical spine radiographs. Intern Emerg Med. 11(2):277-9, 2015
                                                                  6. Khan S et al: Fibromatosis colli - a rare cytological diagnosis in infantile neck swellings. J Clin Diagn Res. 8(11):FD08-9, 2014
                                                                  7. Kransdorf MJ et al: Fibrous and fibrohistiocytic tumors. In Kransdorf MJ et al: Imaging of Soft Tissue Tumors. 3rd ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 257-9, 2014
                                                                  8. Murphey MD et al: From the archives of the AFIP: musculoskeletal fibromatoses: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 29(7):2143-73, 2009
                                                                  9. Weiss SW et al: Fibrous tumors of infancy and childhood. In Weiss SW et al: Enzinger and Weiss' Soft Tissue Tumors. 5th ed. Elsevier. 273-5, 2008
                                                                  10. O'Connell J et al: Fibromatosis colli. In Fletcher CDM et al: World Health Organization Classification of Tumours. Pathology and Genetics of Tumours of Soft Tissue and Bone. IARC Press. 61-2, 2002
                                                                  11. Robbin MR et al: Imaging of musculoskeletal fibromatosis. Radiographics. 21(3):585-600, 2001
                                                                  12. Bedi DG et al: Fibromatosis colli of infancy: variability of sonographic appearance. J Clin Ultrasound. 26(7):345-8, 1998
                                                                  13. Vazquez E et al: US, CT, and MR imaging of neck lesions in children. Radiographics. 15(1):105-22, 1995