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Follicular Cyst
Akram M. Shaaban, MBBCh
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Abbreviations

            • Follicular cyst (FC)
          • Synonyms

            • Physiologic cyst
            • Dominant follicle
          • Definitions

            • FC develops when mature follicle fails to ovulate and continues to enlarge into next menstrual cycle

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Ultrasonographic Findings

              • MR Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                          • Microscopic Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                    • Consider

                                      • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                        • Reporting Tips

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Levine D et al: Simple adnexal cysts: SRU consensus conference update on follow-up and reporting. Radiology. 293(2):359-71, 2019
                                          2. Ross EK et al: Incidental ovarian cysts: when to reassure, when to reassess, when to refer. Cleve Clin J Med. 80(8):503-14, 2013
                                          3. Laing FC et al: US of the ovary and adnexa: to worry or not to worry? Radiographics. 32(6):1621-39; discussion 1640-2, 2012
                                          4. Langer JE et al: Imaging of the female pelvis through the life cycle. Radiographics. 32(6):1575-97, 2012
                                          5. Brown DL et al: Adnexal masses: US characterization and reporting. Radiology. 254(2):342-54, 2010
                                          6. Heilbrun ME et al: Imaging of benign adnexal masses: characteristic presentations on ultrasound, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging. Top Magn Reson Imaging. 21(4):213-23, 2010
                                          7. Takeuchi M et al: Manifestations of the female reproductive organs on MR images: changes induced by various physiologic states. Radiographics. 30(4):1147, 2010
                                          8. Tamai K et al: MR features of physiologic and benign conditions of the ovary. Eur Radiol. 16(12):2700-11, 2006
                                          9. Atri M et al: Endovaginal sonographic appearance of benign ovarian masses. Radiographics. 14(4):747-60; discussion 761-2, 1994
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Clinical Issues

                                                  TERMINOLOGY

                                                  • Abbreviations

                                                    • Follicular cyst (FC)
                                                  • Synonyms

                                                    • Physiologic cyst
                                                    • Dominant follicle
                                                  • Definitions

                                                    • FC develops when mature follicle fails to ovulate and continues to enlarge into next menstrual cycle

                                                  IMAGING

                                                  • General Features

                                                    • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                      • MR Findings

                                                        • CT Findings

                                                          • Imaging Recommendations

                                                            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                              PATHOLOGY

                                                              • General Features

                                                                • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                  • Microscopic Features

                                                                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                    • Presentation

                                                                      • Demographics

                                                                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                          • Treatment

                                                                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                            • Consider

                                                                              • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                • Reporting Tips

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Levine D et al: Simple adnexal cysts: SRU consensus conference update on follow-up and reporting. Radiology. 293(2):359-71, 2019
                                                                                  2. Ross EK et al: Incidental ovarian cysts: when to reassure, when to reassess, when to refer. Cleve Clin J Med. 80(8):503-14, 2013
                                                                                  3. Laing FC et al: US of the ovary and adnexa: to worry or not to worry? Radiographics. 32(6):1621-39; discussion 1640-2, 2012
                                                                                  4. Langer JE et al: Imaging of the female pelvis through the life cycle. Radiographics. 32(6):1575-97, 2012
                                                                                  5. Brown DL et al: Adnexal masses: US characterization and reporting. Radiology. 254(2):342-54, 2010
                                                                                  6. Heilbrun ME et al: Imaging of benign adnexal masses: characteristic presentations on ultrasound, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging. Top Magn Reson Imaging. 21(4):213-23, 2010
                                                                                  7. Takeuchi M et al: Manifestations of the female reproductive organs on MR images: changes induced by various physiologic states. Radiographics. 30(4):1147, 2010
                                                                                  8. Tamai K et al: MR features of physiologic and benign conditions of the ovary. Eur Radiol. 16(12):2700-11, 2006
                                                                                  9. Atri M et al: Endovaginal sonographic appearance of benign ovarian masses. Radiographics. 14(4):747-60; discussion 761-2, 1994